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地球科学进展  2001, Vol. 16 Issue (6): 746-754    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2001.06.0746
研究论文     
论中国含油气区的构造环境性质、分区及其成油气专属性
陶明信
中国科学院兰州地质研究所,气体地球化学国家重点实验室,甘肃 兰州 730000
THE PROPERTIES, DIVISIONS AND OIL-GAS-FORMING -SPECIALIZATION OF THE TECTONIC ENVIRONMENT OF CHINESE OIL-GAS-BEARING AREAS
TAO Mingxin
State Key Laboratory of Gas-geochemistry, Lanzhou Institute of Geology,Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
 全文: PDF(860 KB)  
摘要:

在前中生代,形成了华北、扬子和塔里木等较大的海相及海陆交互相含油气区(盆地),构造格架呈南北分异。经海西-印支运动,形成统一的中国大陆板块,且整体构造格架演变为东西分异。根据盆地结构、构造变形样式、岩浆活动、地温场、壳幔结构及壳幔连通程度等方面的特征,论述了中、新生代中国含油气区的大地构造环境性质与含油气特征。据此划分出 4个具有不同构造环境性质的含油气区:①东部裂谷伸展区,其西带为华夏裂谷系,以产下第三系和白垩系原油为主,东带为大陆架裂谷系,以产下第三系煤型气为主;②中部克拉通构造稳定区,以产古生界天然气为主;③西北构造反转区,含油气层系较多,油气成因类型也多样;④特提斯碰撞-走滑区,构造变形复杂,部分地区具有较好的油气资源前景。进一步讨论了油气形成的"构造环境专属性"问题。

关键词: 含油气区构造环境裂谷克拉通构造反转油气专属性中国    
Abstract:

Huge oil-gas-bearing areas with marine and paralic facies, such as North China, Yangtze and Tarim landmass(basin), had been formed in China during pre-Mesozoic and the tectonic framework presented north-south differentiation. The united continental plate of China was formed by HercynianIndonesian movements and its tectonic framework evolved to east-west differentiation;Based on the features of tectonics, style of structural deformation, magma activity, geothermal field, crust-mantle structure and so on, the tectonic environment properties and oil-gas bearing characteristics of Mesozoic and Cenozoic Chinese oil-gas-bearing areas (basins) are systematically discussed in this paper. There are four kinds of oil-gas-bearing area, different in tectonic environment, have been formed since the Indonesian movement.(1) The extensional region of rift in east China, it can be divided into two subte ctonic regions. The Cathaysian rift system in the west, in which the Eogene and Cretaceous crude oil is mainly produced. The continental shelf rift system in the east, in which the most important gas-source strata are the Tertiary coal deposits.(2) The tectonically stable craton region in central China, in which the Palaeozoic gas is chiefly formed.(3) The region of tectonic inversion in northwestern China, where there are different types of source layer systems and oil/gas.(4) The collided-slipped region of Tethys, it has complicated structural deformation and potential for oil-gas exploration in part of the region.The author has also put forward the idea of oil-gas-forming specialization of tectonic environment.

Key words: Tectonic environment    Oil-gas-forming specialization    Oil-gas-bearing areas    Rift    Craton     Tectonic inversion    China
收稿日期: 2001-04-25 出版日期: 2001-12-01
:  P618.13    
基金资助:

国家重点基础研究发展规划项目:“中国典型叠合盆地油气形成富集与分布预测”(编号:G1999043309)资助.

通讯作者: 陶明信(1953-),男,甘肃白银人,研究员,主要从事气体地球化学和构造地质学研究.      E-mail: lmtao@ns.lzb.ac.cn
作者简介: 陶明信(1953-),男,甘肃白银人,研究员,主要从事气体地球化学和构造地质学研究. E-mail:lmtao@ns.lzb.ac.cn
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引用本文:

陶明信. 论中国含油气区的构造环境性质、分区及其成油气专属性[J]. 地球科学进展, 2001, 16(6): 746-754.

TAO Mingxin. THE PROPERTIES, DIVISIONS AND OIL-GAS-FORMING -SPECIALIZATION OF THE TECTONIC ENVIRONMENT OF CHINESE OIL-GAS-BEARING AREAS. Advances in Earth Science, 2001, 16(6): 746-754.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2001.06.0746        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2001/V16/I6/746

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