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地球科学进展  2005, Vol. 20 Issue (4): 449-454    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2005.04.0449
综述与评述     
生物降解原油地球化学研究新进展
马安来1,2,张水昌3,张大江3,金之钧1
1.中国石化石油勘探开发研究院,北京 100083;2.中国石油大学,北京 102249;3.中国石油勘探开发研究院,北京 100083
THE ADVANCES IN THE GEOCHEMISTRY OF THE BIODEGRADED OIL
MA Anlai1,2;ZHANG Shuichang3;ZHANG Dajiang3;JIN Zhijun1
1. SinoPec Petroleum Exploration and Production Research Institute, Beijing 100083, China;2. University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249, China;3.The Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development, PetroChina, Beijing 100083, China
 全文: PDF(146 KB)  
摘要:

生物降解作用是原油的一种重要的蚀变作用,对原油的物性和经济价值有着负面的影响。全球石油大多遭受过生物降解。生物降解作用对常见生物标志物的影响得以较好的描述,综述了近年来高分子量正构烷烃、三环萜烷、25-降藿烷生物降解的新进展。目前对生物降解作用的细节、发生机理尚不十分清楚,讨论了原油喜氧和厌氧降解机制,认为厌氧作用可能起主导作用,降解速率很慢。温度是控制生物降解作用的重要因素,储层温度大于80℃不会发生生物降解作用。生物降解原油多为混源油,介绍了研究生物降解原油的多期成藏方法。沥青质不易生物降解,其热解产物及钌离子催化氧化产物在生物降解原油对比、油源对比中具有重要的作用;最后指出了今后的发展方向。

关键词: 生物标志物喜氧降解厌氧降解地球化学生物降解原油    
Abstract:

The biodegradation of crude oil in the reservoir is an important alteration process and has undesirable impact on the oil physical property and economic value. Most of the world oil has been biodegraded. The effects of biodegradation on the ordinary biomarkers have been well known. Some advances in the biodegradation of the uneasily biodegraded biomarkers in recent years, such as high-molecular-weight alkanes, tricyclic terpanes and 25-norhorpane, were reviewed. At present, the details and mechanism taking place during the biodegradation are still obscure. Both aerobic and anaerobic biodegradation mechanisms were discussed. It is proposed anaerobic biodegradation may be dominating and the biodegradation rate is very slow. The temperature was thought to be the main factor controlling the biodegradation. The biodegradation would cease at the reservoir temperature over 80℃. In most case, the biodegraded oils are mixing oils. The methods describing multiple hydrocarbon filling history of the biodegraded oil were introduced. Asphaltene of the biodegraded oil is unsusceptibility to biodegradation and its pyrolysate and Ruthenium-ion-catalyzed-oxidation production has important role in the oil-oil correlation and oil-source correlation for the biodegraded oil. Finally the trend of research on the biodegradation was proposed. 

Key words: Biodegraded oil    Biomarker    Aerobic biodegradation    Anaerobic biodegradation    Geochemistry.
收稿日期: 2004-03-11 出版日期: 2005-04-25
:  TE112  
基金资助:

九五”国家重点科技攻关项目“塔里木盆地石油与天然气勘探(二期)”(编号:99-111-01-03);国家重点基础研究发展规划项目“中国叠合盆地油气形成富集与分布预测”(编号:G19990433)资助.

通讯作者: 马安来   
作者简介: 马安来(1969-),男,安徽省淮南人,副教授,主要从事石油地球化学研究. E-mail: maal@pepris.com
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引用本文:

马安来;张水昌;张大江;金之钧. 生物降解原油地球化学研究新进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2005, 20(4): 449-454.

MA Anlai;ZHANG Shuichang;ZHANG Dajiang;JIN Zhijun. THE ADVANCES IN THE GEOCHEMISTRY OF THE BIODEGRADED OIL. Advances in Earth Science, 2005, 20(4): 449-454.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2005.04.0449        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2005/V20/I4/449

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