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地球科学进展  2011, Vol. 26 Issue (8): 811-821    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2011.08.0811
综述与评述     
有机溴化物的溴同位素测试技术及其生物地球化学指示意义
单慧媚,马腾,刘存富,刘玲,杨杰
1.中国地质大学生物地质与环境地质教育部重点实验室,湖北武汉430074; 2.中国地质大学环境学院,湖北武汉430074
An Overview of Analytical Methods of Bromine Stable Isotope (81Br) of BOCs and Its Significance to Biogeochemical Cycle
Shan Huimei, Ma Teng, Liu Cunfu, Liu Ling, Yang Jie
1.Key Laboratory of Biogeology and Environmental Geology of Ministry of Education,China University of Geosciences, Wuhan430074, China;
2.School of Environmental Studies, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan430074, China
 全文: PDF(1152 KB)  
摘要:

有机溴化物已成为继有机氯化物之后又一值得关注的全球性新兴持久性有机污染物。稳定Br同位素测试技术的快速发展,为有机溴化物生物地球化学循环研究提供了更为有效的技术支撑。在综述稳定Br同位素研究进展的基础上认为:①基于GC-MC-ICPMS技术基础上的有机单体Br同位素(CSIA-OBr)是Br同位素研究的主要趋势,难点是Br同位素数据的校正;②相对于C、H同位素,CSIA-OBr在指示有机溴化物的来源、传输途径、生物降解过程等方面提供更直接的信息,难点是微生物作用下稳定Br同位素的分馏机理研究;③C、H、Br多同位素的同时测定技术及指示意义研究显示出广阔的发展和应用前景。

关键词: 有机溴化物稳定Br同位素GC-MC-ICPMS技术生物地球化学    
Abstract:

Brominated Organic Compounds (BOCs) have become emerging global persistent organic pollutants and attract the most attention following chlorinated organic compounds. The rapid development of analytical methods for bromine isotope makes it possible and effective for further research on biogeochemical cycle of BOCs in the environment. Based on the overview of studies of bromine stable isotope (81Br) of BOCs, we think that: ①Compound-Specific Isotope Analysis of organobromine compound (CSIA-OBr) based on the technique of gas chromatography/ multicollector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (GC-MC-ICPMS) is the main trend of studies of bromine isotope, and its difficulty is the correction of bromine isotope data; ②Compared with C and H isotopes, CSIA-OBr provides more direct information for identification of BOCs sources, transmission and biodegradation, and its difficulty is the fractionation mechanism of bromine isotope by microorganisms; ③Simultaneous determination for multiisotopes of C, H and Br and studies of significances of these three isotopes reveal a bright future for their development and application.

Key words: Brominated organic compounds    Bromine stable isotope    GC-MC-ICPMS    Biogeochemical cycle
收稿日期: 2011-02-23 出版日期: 2011-08-10
:  P574.2  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“稳定Br同位素(81Br)在线测试新技术及其在水文地质中的应用”(编号:40872157)和“潜流带污染物迁移转化与自然衰减作用研究”(编号:40830748);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目“非传统同位素生物地球化学作用及其对地下水的指示意义”(编号:CUGL100501)资助

通讯作者: 马腾(1972-),男,内蒙古武川人,教授,主要从事地下水污染与防治、地下水与环境变化等研究.      E-mail: mateng@cug.edu.cn
作者简介: 单慧媚(1985-),女,山东高密人,博士研究生,主要从事同位素生物地球化学研究. E-mail:shanhuimei1985@163.com
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单慧媚,马腾,刘存富,刘玲,杨杰. 有机溴化物的溴同位素测试技术及其生物地球化学指示意义[J]. 地球科学进展, 2011, 26(8): 811-821.

Shan Huimei, Ma Teng, Liu Cunfu, Liu Ling, Yang Jie. An Overview of Analytical Methods of Bromine Stable Isotope (81Br) of BOCs and Its Significance to Biogeochemical Cycle. Advances in Earth Science, 2011, 26(8): 811-821.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2011.08.0811        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2011/V26/I8/811

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