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地球科学进展  2015, Vol. 30 Issue (10): 1151-1161    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.10.1151.
可持续发展研究     
京津冀地区可持续发展的主要资源和环境限制性要素评价——基于景观可持续科学概念框架
张达1, 2, 3, 何春阳1, 2, *, 邬建国1, 2, 4, 黄庆旭1, 2
1.北京师范大学人与环境系统可持续性研究中心,北京 100875; 2.北京师范大学地表过程与资源生态国家重点实验室,北京 100875; 3.北京师范大学资源学院,北京 100875; 4.美国亚利桑那州立大学生命科学院和全球可持续性研究所,坦佩 亚利桑那州 85287
Assessment of Constraint Factors of Resources and Environment of Sustainable Development in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebeiregion: Based on the Framework of Landscape Sustainability Science
Zhang Da1, 2, 3, He Chunyang1, 2, *, Wu Jianguo1, 2, 4, Huang Qingxu1, 2
1. Center for Human-Environment System Sustainability, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China; 2.State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875,China; 3.College of Resources Science & Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China; 4.School of Life Sciences and Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona StateUniversity, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
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摘要:

京津冀地区是我国社会经济发展的重要引擎,及时评估该区域的资源和环境限制性要素,对评价区域可持续性、促进该区可持续发展具有重要意义。鉴于目前对资源和环境限制性要素进行综合评价和分析的研究工作还比较缺乏,基于景观可持续科学概念框架,评估京津冀地区的资源和环境限制性要素。选择了地形、地质环境、水资源、土地资源和大气环境5种限制性要素,利用单要素评价法和多要素综合评价法,对京津冀地区资源和环境限制性要素以及区域本底特征进行了综合评价。在此基础上,划分出生物多样性优先保护区、地质灾害易发区、水资源严重短缺区、大气严重污染区和耕地优先保护区。结果表明,京津冀地区北部地形限制性较高,中部地质环境限制性和水资源限制性较高,而南部以土地资源限制性和大气环境限制性为主。同时,水资源是该地区人口增长和经济发展过程中所要面临的主要限制因素。2010年,在水资源严重短缺区中,人口总量为3 959.27万,城镇人口比例为76.90%,国内生产总值为24 555.66亿元,均高于其他区域。在当前推进京津冀地区协同发展的过程中,应从强可持续性角度出发,充分考虑资源和环境限制性要素,因地制宜地开展土地利用优化工作,保持土地利用方式和管理体制的多样性,促进区域可持续发展。

关键词: 资源限制性景观可持续科学环境京津冀    
Abstract:

The Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region is an important engine for China’s socioeconomic development. Timely and effectively assessing constraint factors of resources and environment is of great significance for the sustainability assessment and the sustainable development of this region. However, comprehensive assessment research considering key resource and environmental constraints are still lacking. In this study, therefore, the limiting factors of resources and the environment in the BTH region were assessed based on the framework of landscape sustainability science. First, we chose five limiting factors, including topographic condition, geological environment, water resource, land resource, and atmospheric environment, to assess the constraints of resources and the environment using the single-factor evaluation method and the multi-factor comprehensive evaluation method. Based on the results, we divided the whole region into five subregions, i.e., the ecological conservation subregion, the geological disaster subregion, the water resource scarcity subregion, the atmospheric pollution subregion, and the cropland protection subregion. The results revealed that the northern BTH region was highly constrained by topographic conditions, the central BTH region was strongly constrained by geological environment and water resources, whereas the southern BTH region was constrained mainly by land resources and atmospheric environment. In addition, water resource was the main limiting factor for regional population growth and economic development. In 2010, the water resource scarcity subregion had a total population of 39.59 million, an urban population of 76.90%, and a gross domestic product of 2 455.57 billion yuan. We argue that the sustainable development of the BTH region should explicitly consider the resource and environmental limiting factors, implement land use optimization according to local conditions, maintain multiple land use types and diverse management strategies, based on the perspective of “strong sustainability”, so as to promote the regional sustainable development.

Key words: Landscape sustainability science.    Resource    Constraint    Environment    Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei
收稿日期: 2015-07-15 出版日期: 2015-10-20
ZTFLH:  P963  
基金资助:

国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“全球变化与区域可持续发展耦合模型及调控对策”(编号:2014CB954303&2014CB954302); 国家自然科学基金优秀青年基金项目“土地利用与土地覆被变化”(编号:41222003)资助

通信作者: 何春阳(1975-),男,四川射洪人,教授,主要从事土地利用/覆盖变化、景观可持续科学与城市可持续性研究. E-mail:hcy@bnu.edu.cn     E-mail: zhangda0813@163.com
作者简介: 张达(1987-),男,吉林白城人,博士研究生,主要从事土地利用/覆盖变化、生态系统服务评估研究.
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引用本文:

张达, 何春阳, 邬建国, 黄庆旭. 京津冀地区可持续发展的主要资源和环境限制性要素评价——基于景观可持续科学概念框架[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(10): 1151-1161.

Zhang Da, He Chunyang, Wu Jianguo, Huang Qingxu. Assessment of Constraint Factors of Resources and Environment of Sustainable Development in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebeiregion: Based on the Framework of Landscape Sustainability Science. Advances in Earth Science, 2015, 30(10): 1151-1161.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.10.1151.        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2015/V30/I10/1151

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