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地球科学进展  2021, Vol. 36 Issue (7): 727-739    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2021.056
青藏高原综合科学考察研究     
青藏高原东北缘晚更新世以来环境变化研究进展
柯思茵1,2,3(),张冬丽1,2,3,王伟涛1,2,3(),王孟豪1,2,3,段磊1,2,3,杨敬钧1,2,3,孙鑫1,2,3,郑文俊1,2,3
1.中山大学地球科学与工程学院 广东省地球动力作用与地质灾害重点实验室,广东 广州 510275
2.南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室(珠海),广东 珠海 519082
3.中国地震局地质研究所 地震动力学国家重点实验室,北京 100029
Progress of Environmental Change in the Northeastern Tibetan Plateau Since Late Pleistocene
Siyin KE1,2,3(),Dongli ZHANG1,2,3,Weitao WANG1,2,3(),Menghao WANG1,2,3,Lei DUAN1,2,3,Jingjun YANG1,2,3,Xin SUN1,2,3,Wenjun ZHENG1,2,3
1.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Geodynamics and Geohazards,School of Earth Sciences and Engineering,Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510275,China
2.Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Zhuhai),Zhuhai Guangdong 519082,China
3.State Key Laboratory of Earthquake Dynamics,Institute of Geology,China Earthquake Administration,Beijing 100029,China
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摘要:

青藏高原东北缘作为响应东亚季风边缘区环境变化的理想场所,其丰富的沉积记录可反映详细的环境变化过程。重点对近30年来青藏高原东北缘沉积与环境演化研究中的年代学、环境代用指标、环境演化过程及区域一致性等方面的主要研究进展进行总结。青藏高原东北缘环境研究中粒度、磁化率、碳酸盐含量和以总有机碳、常微量元素为主的地球化学指标是最常用的研究手段;综合区域晚更新世以来沉积环境研究结果,将高原东北缘环境演化过程分成5个阶段,即在东亚季风和西风环流的共同影响下经历了温暖湿润—寒冷干燥—温暖偏湿—偏冷干燥转温凉偏湿—相对温湿转相对冷干的发展阶段;而青藏高原东北缘气候记录与亚洲区域及全球记录对比结果显示具有区域性,其主要因素可能是北半球太阳辐射变化的驱动所导致的高纬度温度和冰量变化以及北大西洋温盐环流的影响;青藏高原东北缘晚更新世可能存在两期大范围的高湖面,分别在MIS 3和MIS 5阶段,其时间的差异显示从高原内部向东北方向高湖面出现的时间逐渐变年轻,可能反映了高原东北缘构造与环境变化的响应。综合认为,未来青藏高原东北缘环境研究重点可从高分辨率沉积序列的建立、高湖面时间的确立以及更精确的环境代用指标应用等方面进一步深入研究,以期获得更高分辨的环境变化信息。

关键词: 沉积序列环境变化气候波动晚更新世青藏高原东北缘    
Abstract:

The northeastern Tibetan Plateau is an ideal area to study the environmental changes in the East Asian monsoon marginal zone, and its rich sedimentary records can reflect the detailed environmental change process. The main research progress of sedimentation environment evolution on the northeastern Tibetan Plateau during the past 30 years is summarized, focusing on the chronological frame, the proxies for environmental research, environmental evolution process and the regional consistency of environmental changes in the northeastern Tibetan Plateau. The grain size, magnetic susceptibility and geochemical indicators dominated by carbonate content, total organic carbon and major and minor elements are the most commonly research methods in environmental studies in the northeastern Tibetan Plateau. Based on the research results of sedimentary environment since Late Pleistocene, the evolution process can be divided into five stages, which experienced the development stages of being warm and humid cold and dry, slightly warm and humid, slightly cold and dry then slightly moderate-wet, relatively moderate warm and humid then moderate cold and dry with the common influence of East Asian monsoon and west wind. The climate records of the northeastern margin of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau are regional compared with those of Asia and the world, and the main factors may be driven by the change of solar radiation in the northern hemisphere and the North Atlantic thermohaline circulation. The research shows that there may be two periods of high lake level with large area, namely MIS 3 and MIS 5 stages. The difference of times shows that the occurrence time of high lake level becomes younger from the interior of the Tibetan Plateau to the northeast, which may reflect a response of tectonic and environmental changes in the northeastern Tibetan Plateau. In conclusion, the further environmental research on the northeastern Tibetan Plateau may focus on the establishment of high-resolution sedimentary sequence, the time of high lake level and the application of more accurate environmental proxies, in order to obtain higher resolution environmental change information.

Key words: Sedimentary sequence    Environmental change    Climate fluctuation    Late Pleistocene    Northeastern Tibetan Plateau.
收稿日期: 2021-04-09 出版日期: 2021-08-20
ZTFLH:  P534.63  
基金资助: 第二次青藏高原综合科学考察研究项目“活动断裂与地震灾害”(2019QZKK0901);国家自然科学基金项目“基于三维构造模型的滨海断裂带地震危险性评价和震害情景预测”(41774049)
通信作者: 王伟涛     E-mail: kesy3@mail2.sysu.edu.cn;wangweitao@mail.sysu.edu.cn
作者简介: 柯思茵(1996-),女,广东茂名人,硕士研究生,主要从事第四纪沉积与环境研究. E-mail:kesy3@mail2.sysu.edu.cn
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引用本文:

柯思茵,张冬丽,王伟涛,王孟豪,段磊,杨敬钧,孙鑫,郑文俊. 青藏高原东北缘晚更新世以来环境变化研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2021, 36(7): 727-739.

Siyin KE,Dongli ZHANG,Weitao WANG,Menghao WANG,Lei DUAN,Jingjun YANG,Xin SUN,Wenjun ZHENG. Progress of Environmental Change in the Northeastern Tibetan Plateau Since Late Pleistocene. Advances in Earth Science, 2021, 36(7): 727-739.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2021.056        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2021/V36/I7/727

图1  青藏高原东北缘地质概况及沉积示意图
图2  青藏高原东北缘环境代用指标研究进展和发展历程
图3  青藏高原东北缘晚更新世以来各气候阶段划分(a)湟水阶地黄土粒径大于63 μm的含量[14];(b)陇西盆地黄土频率磁化率[9];(c)柴达木盆地孢粉蒿属和藜科比值(A/C)[28];(d)察尔汗盐湖碳酸盐氧同位素[26];(e)青海湖碳酸盐含量[19];(f)达连海Rb/Sr值[24];(g)青海湖水深变化[62];(h)更尕海水深变化[22]
图4  青藏高原东北缘气候记录与其他区域的对比(a)深海底栖有孔虫氧同位素[3];(b)古里雅冰芯氧同位素[7];(c)湟水阶地黄土粒径大于63 μm的含量变化[14];(d)合作盆地黄土粒径大于40 μm的含量变化[10];(e)塔吉克斯坦黄土频率磁化率[72];(f)洛川黄土粒径大于40 μm的含量变化[73];(g)三宝洞石笋氧同位素[74];(h)7月65°N太阳辐射[75]
图5  青藏高原东北缘及其周围高湖面出现的时间
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