地球科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (10): 1144 -1150. doi: 10.11867/j.issn. 1001-8166. 2015.10.1144.

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

群落物种多度格局的分形解析
苏强   
  1. 1.中国科学院计算地球动力学重点实验室,北京 100049; 2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2015-06-06 修回日期:2015-09-10 出版日期:2015-10-20
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院海洋战略先导科技专项“黑潮及其变异对南海东北生产力与生物多样性分布格局的影响”(XDA11020203); 北京师范大学生物多样性与生态工程教育部重点实验室开放基金“群落物种多度格局的分形解析”(编号:K201504)资助

Analyzing Fractal Property of Species Abundance Distribution in A Community

Su Qiang   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Computational Geodynamics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049; 2. University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2015-06-06 Revised:2015-09-10 Online:2015-10-20 Published:2015-10-20

生物群落物种多度格局(Species Abundance Distribution, SAD)研究是理解物种多样性决定机制的关键。这个问题不仅关系到物种多样性的保护与恢复,更重要的是,它有助于理清生物群落中各个物种之间错综复杂的相互关系,以及物质与能量在群落中的分配方式。群落物种多度格局研究的核心内容是如何构建SAD生态模型。该类研究始于20世纪30年代,相对已有的SAD模型而言,分形模型对生物群落样本的要求简单,适用性较高,便于不同群落间的比较。鉴于此,从分形模型的起源、假设条件、构建方法、分形参数的生态意义以及存在的问题等几个方面进行总结,以期促进此项工作的开展,为物种多度格局和多样性决定机制研究提供帮助。

The study of Apecies Abundance Distribution (SAD) is the key of understanding what determines species diversity. The theoretical exploration of SAD relates to the maintenance and conservation of biodiversity, and more importantly, it is conducive to clarifying complicated relationship among species and the distribution of matter and energy in a community. The research on SAD began in the 1930s, and there are so many kinds of theoretical models of SAD that can fit actual data, such as geometric-series model, log-series model, log-normal model, broken-stick model and so on. However, despite this, these models are often restrictive in their hypotheses and difficult to fit by natural communities. Especially, there is not always a good fit to the community that only has a few species. Thus, Frontier firstly introduced a family of models termed the Zipf-Mandelbrot model. This model is unrestrictive and easily fit by different natural community. Accordingly, this paper reviewed its origin, hypothesis, construction, problems and ecological signification of parameters to promote the research of SAD and the determination of species diversity.

中图分类号: 

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