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地球科学进展  2013, Vol. 28 Issue (9): 968-975    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.09.0968
综述与评述     
花粉源范围研究进展
许清海,张生瑞
1.河北师范大学泥河湾考古研究院,河北 石家庄 050024;
2.河北师范大学资源与环境科学学院,河北省环境演变与生态建设重点实验室,河北 石家庄 050024
Advance in Pollen Source Area
Xu Qinghai,Zhang Shengrui
1.Institute of Nihewan Archaeology Research,Hebei Normal University,Shijiazhuang 050024,China; 
2.College of Resource and Environmental Sciences,Hebei Normal University,Hebei Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Ecological Construction, Shijiazhuang 050024,China
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摘要:

20世纪60年代花粉源范围概念提出以来,引起了孢粉学领域的广泛关注。通过对前人研究的综合分析,结合我国北方不同地区植被调查和花粉数据,认为花粉源范围可分为广义花粉源范围和相关花粉源范围:前者表示输入沉积盆地花粉的来源范围,即沉积盆地主要花粉类型含量随距离增加不再明显上升的距离;后者表示与沉积盆地花粉相关最密切的植被范围,即沉积盆地花粉类型与周围植被对应关系无明显提升的距离。花粉粒和沉积盆地大小对广义花粉源范围和相关花粉源范围都具有明显影响;风速直接影响广义花粉源范围的大小,但对相关花粉源范围作用不明显。沉积盆地花粉组合由当地花粉、区域花粉和区域外花粉3部分组成,其含量分别占花粉组合的30%~45%,25%~60%和10%~30%。当地花粉指相关花粉源范围内的花粉,是沉积盆地周围植被的真实反映,对研究局地植被演替具有重要意义;区域花粉指广义花粉源范围内除去当地花粉的部分,是研究区域植被重建和气候变化的重要载体;区域外花粉指广义花粉源范围以外的花粉,代表更大范围的花粉源区,对区域植被指示意义较小。

关键词: 广义花粉源范围相关花粉源范围当地花粉区域花粉区域外花粉    
Abstract:

The conception of pollen source area has attracted broadly attention since it was proposed in the 1960s. In this paper,it can be subdivided into Normal Source Area of Pollen (NSAP) and Relevant Source Area of Pollen (RSAP) based on reviewing former studies and our recent work of vegetation survey and pollen analysis in the Northern China. The NSAP means a source area of pollen input a sedimentary basin,indicating a distance area beyond where the pollen contents of major pollen types do not show evident increase with increased distance. The RSAP means a source area of pollen assemblages in a basin has the closest relationship with surrounding plants,indicating a distance area beyond where the relationship between pollen assemblage and surrounding vegetation do not show obvious increase with increased distance. The changes of sedimentary basins radii and pollen grain size influence the NSAP and RSAP evidently. Wind speed also changes the NSAP, but does not significantly affect  RSAP. The pollen of a sedimentary basin is composed of local pollen,regional pollen and extraregional pollen,which usually account for 30%~45%,25%~60% and 10%~30%,respectively. Local pollen which refers to the pollen coming within the RSAP range,is a reflection of the surrounding vegetation,and has important implications to the reconstruction and succession of local vegetation. Regional pollen which refers to the pollen coming from within the range of NSAP and excluding the range of local pollen,is the important carrier of studies for vegetation restoration and climate change. The pollen that comes outside the range of NSAP is called Extraregional pollen,which is mainly from greater distance by upperair flow,and has no indicator significance to the regional vegetation.

Key words: Normal source area of pollen    Relevant source area of pollen    Local pollen    Regional pollen    Extra-regional pollen
收稿日期: 2013-07-02 出版日期: 2013-09-10
:  P935.1  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“中国北方草原区主要植物类型相对花粉产量和花粉源范围”(编号:41071132)和“中国北方森林区主要乔木植物花粉产量研究”(编号:41371215)资助.

作者简介: 许清海(1950-),男,河北石家庄人,教授,主要从事全球变化与第四纪孢粉学研究.E-mail:xuqinghai@mail.hebtu.edu.cn
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引用本文:

许清海,张生瑞. 花粉源范围研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(9): 968-975.

Xu Qinghai,Zhang Shengrui. Advance in Pollen Source Area. Advances in Earth Science, 2013, 28(9): 968-975.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.09.0968        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2013/V28/I9/968

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