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地球科学进展  2008, Vol. 23 Issue (11): 1130-1140    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.11.1130
综述与评述     
碎屑矿物热年代学研究进展
张沛,周祖翼
同济大学海洋地质国家重点实验室, 上海 200092
Geological Applications of Detrital Thermochronology
Zhang Pei,Zhou Zuyi
State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
 全文: PDF(2344 KB)  
摘要:

碎屑矿物热年代学是以沉积物中未遭受热重置的碎屑矿物颗粒为研究对象,将造山带抬升、剥露和盆地沉积联系起来的年代学方法。在物源分析、源区构造热历史、古地形恢复和约束地层年龄等方面有广泛的应用。在概述其基本原理的基础上,从造山带剥露历史分析、物源分析中多种技术的联合运用和现代汇水区侵蚀速率计算3个方面介绍了这一方法近年来的研究进展。

关键词: 热年代学物源剥露联合定年侵蚀    
Abstract:

Single-grain age dating of detrital sediments can provide imprortant record on provenance and thermal/tectonic history of the source area. A popular approach to extracting such information is the U/Pb dating of detrital zircon. However, the refractory nature of U/Pb zircon system means that it is less useful for understanding the thermal and exhumation history of the hinterland than other systems. Low temperature thermochronometers(40Ar/39Ar,fission track, and (U-Th)/He) are particularly sensitive to the movement of rocks through the upper crust due to their relative low effective closure temperatures. In recent years, detrital thermochronology has been extensively used to identify the provenance of sediments from source regions with distinct thermal history, to determine the history and rate of exhumation of the source region, to reconstruct the palaeorelief, and to provide an upper limit of the sediment age. Here we review the principles of detrital thermochronology and illustrate the recent advances of this method in the following fields: a) using synorogenic sediments to constraint the exhumation history of orogen, b) A combination of low temperature thermochronometers with U/Pb system and other provenance analysis techniques, c) estimating the long-term averaged erosion rate of modern catchment.

Key words: Thermochronology    Provenance    Exhumation    Combined-dating    Erosion.
收稿日期: 2008-08-26 出版日期: 2008-11-10
:  P597.3  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“合肥盆地中生代地层的碎屑矿物裂变径迹年代学研究”(编号: 40572075);上海市科委学科带头人计划资助项目“西大别造山带俯冲、折返历史重建”(编号: 08XD14042)资助.

通讯作者: 张沛     E-mail: zp0313@126.com
作者简介: 张沛(1980-),男,湖北武汉人,博士生,主要从事低温热年代学研究.E-mail:zp0313@126.com
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引用本文:

张沛,周祖翼. 碎屑矿物热年代学研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(11): 1130-1140.

Zhang Pei,Zhou Zuyi. Geological Applications of Detrital Thermochronology. Advances in Earth Science, 2008, 23(11): 1130-1140.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.11.1130        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2008/V23/I11/1130

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