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地球科学进展  2017, Vol. 32 Issue (10): 1093-1101    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.10.1093
综述与评述     
黄土高原草地植被对土壤侵蚀影响研究进展
张琪琳1, 王占礼1, 2, *, 王栋栋1, 刘俊娥3
1.西北农林科技大学水土保持研究所黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室, 陕西 杨凌 712100;
2.中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所,陕西 杨凌 712100;
3.陕西师范大学地理科学与旅游学院,陕西 西安 710119
Advances in Researches of the Effects of Grassland Vegetation on Soil Erosion in Loess Plateau
Zhang Qilin1, Wang Zhanli1, 2, *, Wang Dongdong1, Liu Jun’e3
1.State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau,Institute of Soil and Water Conservation,Northwest A & F University,Yangling Shaanxi 712100,China;
2.Institute of Soil and Water Conservation of CAS and MWR,Yangling Shaanxi 712100,China;
3.School of Geography and Tourism,Shaanxi Normal University,Xi’an 710119,China;
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摘要:

黄土高原土壤侵蚀严重,草地植被具有良好的水土保持作用,能很好地改善其生态环境。学者们对草地植被盖度与土壤侵蚀的关系、草地植被对水力学参数的影响、草地植被对土壤性质的影响、草地植被减水减沙效应以及草地坡面土壤侵蚀过程等几个方面开展了大量研究;但是关于草地覆盖诱发的侵蚀作用研究较少。将前人的研究成果进行归纳总结,并补充关于草地诱发侵蚀的一些研究结果,继而指出目前研究中存在的问题以及今后需要加强的方面,旨在减少黄土高原土壤侵蚀。

关键词: 土壤侵蚀草地植被黄土高原    
Abstract:

Soil erosion is a serious global environmental problem which limits the survival and development of human beings. In our country, due to the special physical geography and socio-economic conditions, soil erosion intensity is great, which is particularly prominent in Loess Plateau region. Therefore, preventing and controlling soil erosion, as well as reducing soil erosion in Loess Plateau have become the key to solving environmental problems in the region. Soil erosion on Loess Plateau is serious, and grassland vegetation has good effects on soil and water conservation, which can improve ecological environment well. After the implementation of the project about returning farmland to grassland on Loess Plateau, the ecological benefits mainly focused on soil and water conservation benefits, soil improvement benefits, water conservation benefits and species diversity benefits, etc. Grassland vegetation has an irreplaceable role in the construction of the ecological environment on Loess Plateau. Therefore, the role of grassland in preventing soil erosion has received more and more attention. Scholars have done lots of research involved in the relationship between grassland coverage and soil erosion, impacts of grassland on hydrodynamic parameters, effects of grassland on soil properties, reduction effects of grassland on runoff and sediment, and soil erosion process on grassland slope. However, there is little research on erosion effect induced by grassland cover. This paper mainly pointed out the following questions: First, grassland cover is influenced by many factors, but the relationship with soil erosion from the dynamic mechanism is rarely discussed; Second, there is no well-developed theory of overland flow erosion at present, which limits the study of hydrodynamic parameters on grassland slope; Third, establishment of mathematical model between grassland cover and soil resistance can accelerate the quantitative analysis of grassland influence on erosion; Fourth, comprehensive analysis of influencing factors on water reduction and sediment reduction effect on grassland are insufficient; Fifth, there are not many mechanisms to analyze the erosion process of grassland slope by using the hydrodynamic characteristics of slope; sixth, research results on grassland-induced erosion are mainly focused on leading to soil dry layer and we should continue to strengthen in the future. This paper summarized the previous results, and supplemented some studies about erosion caused by grassland, then pointed out the existing problems in current research and the areas that need to be strengthened in the future, aiming at reducing soil erosion on the Loess Plateau.

Key words: Loess Plateau    Grassland vegetation    Soil erosion.
收稿日期: 2017-05-10 出版日期: 2017-10-20
ZTFLH:  P934  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“应用三区土盘实验解析黄土坡面片蚀动力学过程”(编号:41471230); 国家重点研发计划项目“黄河流域水沙多时空演变及其分异规律”(编号:2016YFC0402401)资助.

通讯作者: 王占礼(1960-),男,陕西榆林人,研究员,主要从事土壤侵蚀过程及预报模型研究工作.E-mail:zwang@nwsuaf.edu.cn   
作者简介: 张琪琳(1991-),男,山西运城人,硕士研究生,主要从事土壤侵蚀研究.E-mail:zhangqilin1116@163.com
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引用本文:

张琪琳, 王占礼, 王栋栋, 刘俊娥. 黄土高原草地植被对土壤侵蚀影响研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(10): 1093-1101.

Zhang Qilin, Wang Zhanli, Wang Dongdong, Liu Jun&#x, e. Advances in Researches of the Effects of Grassland Vegetation on Soil Erosion in Loess Plateau. Advances in Earth Science, 2017, 32(10): 1093-1101.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.10.1093        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2017/V32/I10/1093

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