Spatial Representation of Flux Data in Gully Region on the Loess Plateau" /> 黄土高原沟壑区通量数据空间代表性研究
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地球科学进展  2009, Vol. 24 Issue (2): 211-218    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.02.0211
生态学研究     
黄土高原沟壑区通量数据空间代表性研究
楚良海1,刘文兆1,2*,朱元骏2,李双江3
1. 西北农林科技大学资源环境学院,陕西 杨凌 712100;2. 中国科学院、水 利 部 水土保持研究所,陕西 杨凌 712100;3. 河北科技大学环境科学与工程学院,河北 石家庄 050018
Spatial Representation of Flux Data in Gully Region on the Loess Plateau
Chu Lianghai1,Liu Wenzhao1,2,Zhu Yuanjun2,Li Shuangjiang3
1. College of Resources and Environment, Northwest Agricultural & Forest University, Yangling 712100, China;
2. Institute of Soil and water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources, Yangling 712100, China;
3. College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hebei University of Science and Technology, Shijiazhuang 050018, China
 全文: PDF(1666 KB)  
摘要:

利用FSAM(Flux Source Area Model)模型,对中国科学院长武黄土高原农业生态试验站2004—2005年冬小麦生育期内的通量数据空间代表性进行了研究。结果发现,在90%贡献率水平下,整个冬小麦各生育期内通量源区范围动态变化明显,通量贡献最大点在距离观测点7.7~36.2 m范围内变化。在盛行风向上,通量源区离观测点最近点为3.3 m,最远点可达172.8 m;在侧风向上,通量源区在38.1~128.4 m范围内变化。不同观测高度的对比研究表明,观测高度从1.86 m增加到12.17 m,盛行风向上源区距观测点最远距离从172.8 m增加到1 555.2 m;在侧风向上则从123.2 m增加到665.8 m,通量源区范围随高度的增加而增大。大气稳定度对通量贡献源区影响很大,在大气稳定状态下,通量源区面积最大,距观测点最远距离达到135.3 m;中性条件下次之,为101.7 m;在不稳定条件下面积最小,为36.3 m。同一日内,夜晚源区面积较白天大。在日和季尺度上,大气稳定度是影响通量源区范围的一个重要因素。

关键词: 涡动相关通量贡献源区冬小麦黄土高原    
Abstract:

Spatial representation of flux data during winter wheat growing period from 2004 to 2005 was analyzed in Changwu Station, the Chinese Academy of Sciences by FSAM (Flux Source Area Model). The results indicated that flux source area (FSA, footprint) was dramatically changed during each growing stage of winter wheat under the effect level of 90% confidence. The source area of the maximum footprint was located between 7.7 m and 36.2 m from the observation point. In the prevailing wind direction, the upwind range of source area was 3.3~172.8 m, and vertical upwind range was 38.1~128.4 m.The comparison of footprint among different measurement heights showed that: with the measurement height increased up from 1.86 to 12.17 m, the length of footprint expanded from 172.8 m to 1555.2 m in the prevailing wind direction and from 123.2 m to 665.8 m in the vertical direction. The footprint fluctuated with atmospheric stability. The length of the source area is the largest under the stable atmospheric stratification with the distance of 135.3 m from the observation point, reaching 101.7 m under the condition of moderate atmospheric stratification, and the smallest is under unstable stratification with the distance of 36.3 m. Meanwhile, the source area in night is larger than that in daytime. In daily and seasonal scales, atmospheric stability has an important effect on flux source area.

Key words: Eddy covariance    Flux-source area    Winter wheat    The loess plateau.
收稿日期: 2008-09-16 出版日期: 2009-02-10
:  P434  
基金资助:

中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目“黄土高原旱作农田生产力及水分生态过程调控”(编号:KZCX2-YW-424);教育部长江学者和创新团队发展计划项目“黄土高原流域生态系统中水土迁移机制及其调控原理”(编号:IRT0749)资助.

通讯作者: 刘文兆(1960-),男,陕西乾县人,研究员,主要从事水文生态与流域管理研究.     E-mail: wzliu@ms.iswc.ac.cn
作者简介: 楚良海(1982-),男,黑龙江牡丹江人,在读硕士,主要从事农田生态系统通量数据处理与模型研究.E-mail:lhchu@126.com
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引用本文:

楚良海,刘文兆,朱元骏,李双江. 黄土高原沟壑区通量数据空间代表性研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(2): 211-218.

Chu Lianghai,Liu Wenzhao,Zhu Yuanjun,Li Shuangjiang. Spatial Representation of Flux Data in Gully Region on the Loess Plateau. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(2): 211-218.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.02.0211        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2009/V24/I2/211

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