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地球科学进展  2013, Vol. 28 Issue (12): 1313-1325    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.12.1313
研究论文     
农田下垫面观测通量的变化特征及其气候学足迹分析
朱明佳1, 2, 赵谦益1, 刘绍民1, *, 徐同仁1
1.北京师范大学遥感科学国家重点实验室,地理学与遥感科学学院, 北京 100875; 2.安徽省人工影响天气办公室,合肥 230031
Analysis of the Characteristics of Turbulent Flux and Its Footprint Climatology at An Agricultural Site
Zhu Mingjia1, 2, Zhao Qianyi1, Liu Shaomin1, Xu Ziwei1, Xu Tongren1
1.State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, School of Geography ,Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875,China; 2.Anhui Weather Modification Office, Hefei 230031,China
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摘要:

利用2008—2010年馆陶站涡动相关仪和自动气象站观测资料,在保证数据质量的基础上,分析了通量交换特征,并采用算术平均和通量加权2种气候学足迹计算方法,详细探讨了不同时间尺度观测通量的源区分布特征。结果表明:①感热和潜热通量全年都有相同的日变化特征,CO2通量仅在作物生长季表现出与水热通量相反的日变化趋势。各通量受作物种类及其物候特征影响,季节变化明显。在生长季以潜热通量、CO2通量交换为主,其值在生长中期也明显高于生长始末期,且夏玉米的交换量强于冬小麦的。②受风、湍流条件、下垫面状况等共同影响,日尺度的观测通量源区差异最显著,季节尺度次之,年尺度最小。③不同时间尺度下,通量加权的气候学足迹能更合理地反映观测通量源区的平均状况,其源区大小普遍小于算术平均的结果。

关键词: 观测通量农田气候学足迹涡动相关仪    
Abstract:

Based on quality controlled data from eddy covariance system and automatic weather station collected at Guantao farmland site from 2008 to 2010, the characteristics of diurnal, seasonal and annual variations of turbulent flux were reported. The corresponding source areas of flux measurement at different temporal scales were analyzed in detail, using arithmetic-averaged and flux-weighted footprint climatology calculation method, respectively. The main findings are as follows. Firstly, sensible heat and latent heat flux both show consistent diurnal variation throughout the year, while CO2 fluxes only have significant diurnal variation in growing season with an opposite trend. The seasonal variation of the turbulent flux is mainly affected by the crop type and its growth status in different phenological periods. During growing season, latent heat flux and CO2 flux are the dominant flux exchange items whose value are significantly higher in their middle growth stage than other ones during which latent heat and CO2 flux exchange of the summer corn is stronger than winter wheat. Secondly, with combined effects of wind, turbulence and surface condition, the source area of flux measurement change most significantly at daily scale, less obvious at seasonal scale and smallest at annual scale. Finally, compared with arithmetic-averaged footprint climatology method, flux-weighted footprint climatology is a more reasonable method to calculate the source areas of the flux measurement, in that they account for the time change of the actual turbulent flux. The arithmetic-averaged results are most likely to overestimate the size of source area during small observed flux due to its weak turbulent exchange.

Key words: Turbulent flux observations    Farmland    Eddy covariance system    Footprint climatology.
收稿日期: 2013-05-17 出版日期: 2013-12-10
:  P404  
基金资助:

中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金; 国家自然科学基金项目“基于多源数据同化方法的地表水热通量估算研究”(编号:41201330)资助.

通讯作者: 刘绍民(1967-),男,浙江绍兴人,教授,主要从事地表通量观测与遥感应用研究. E-mail:smliu@bnu.edu.cn   
作者简介: 朱明佳(1986-),女,江苏苏州人,硕士研究生,主要从事大气边界层研究.E-mail:mingjiazhu124@gmail.com
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引用本文:

朱明佳, 赵谦益, 刘绍民, 徐同仁. 农田下垫面观测通量的变化特征及其气候学足迹分析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(12): 1313-1325.

Zhu Mingjia, Zhao Qianyi, Liu Shaomin, Xu Ziwei, Xu Tongren. Analysis of the Characteristics of Turbulent Flux and Its Footprint Climatology at An Agricultural Site. Advances in Earth Science, 2013, 28(12): 1313-1325.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.12.1313        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2013/V28/I12/1313

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