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地球科学进展  2008, Vol. 23 Issue (10): 1027-1036    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.10.1027
研究论文     
南海在1997/1998年El Niño事件后的异常变化
鲍颖,兰健,王毅
中国海洋大学物理海洋教育部重点实验室,海洋学系,山东 青岛 266100
The Anomaly Response to the 1997/1998 El Niño Event in South China Sea
Bao Ying,Lan Jian,Wang Yi
Physical Oceanography Laboratory, Ocean Department, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
 全文: PDF(2491 KB)  
摘要:

基于NOAA OISST.V2月平均SST资料和FSU月平均风应力资料对南海的SST和风场异常进行了分析,发现:南海对1997/1998年El Nio事件响应最为强烈,并在1997/1998年冬季和次年的夏季SST存在2个异常高峰值,风速存在2个异常减小的极值。为研究南海环流在1997/1998年的异常变化,利用ECOM水动力模型计算了1995—2000年的南海环流场,分析了1998年1月和8月南海水位和环流的异常分布,二者均存在显著的异常:①1月,整个南海海盆为正的水位异常,流场为反气旋异常环流,冬季控制整个南海海盆的气旋式环流减弱;②8月,南海海盆水位为正异常,特别是越南东部海区出现较强的正水位异常,南海南部的高水位中心扩大北移;异常流场表现为南部为气旋式异常环流,北部为反气旋的异常环流,且在越南东部海区形成非常强的反气旋异常环流中心,使得控制南海南部的反气旋环流和北部的气旋环流均减弱。风应力的分析表明,风应力旋度的异常变化是南海环流年际异常变化的主要因素。

关键词: 南海El Niño异常响应数值模拟    
Abstract:

Based on the NOAA OISST.V2 monthly SST dataset and FSU monthly windstress, the SST and windstress anomaly distributions in the South China Sea indicated that the South China Sea had been highly affected by the 1997/1998 El Niño event. The SSTA of February and August in 1998 had two peaks, while the wind speed reached its maximum minus anomalies in January and August. In order to find the circulation anomaly in the South China Sea, the circulation of 1995-2000 had been calculated by the ECOM hydrodynamic numerical model. The elevation and circulation of January and August in 1998 indicated that there were great anomaly of elevation and circulation after this El Niño event. (1)In January, the whole South China Sea had positive sea level anomaly and anti-cyclonic velocity anomaly, so the cyclonic circulation was weaker than normal. (2) In August, the South China Sea had positive sea level anomaly, especially stronger in the east of Vietnam, and cyclonic velocity anomaly in south, anti-cyclonic velocity in north, especially strong in the east of Vietnam. So the cyclonic gyre in the north and the anti-cyclonic gyre in the south were both weaker than normal, and an anti-cyclonic gyre appeared in the east of Vietnam. The analysis of wind stress curl indicate that the wind stress curl was the main reason for the anomaly of elevation and circulation.

Key words: The South China Sea    El Niño event    Anomaly    Numerical simulation.
收稿日期: 2008-03-20 出版日期: 2008-10-10
:  P732  
基金资助:

国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“北太平洋副热带环流变异及其对我国近海动力环境的影响”(编号:2007CB411800)资助.

通讯作者: 鲍颖     E-mail: baoying@ouc.edu.cn
作者简介: 鲍颖(1983-),女,山东淄博人,博士研究生,主要从事海洋环流研究.E-mail:baoying@ouc.edu.cn
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引用本文:

鲍颖,兰健,王毅. 南海在1997/1998年El Niño事件后的异常变化[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(10): 1027-1036.

Bao Ying,Lan Jian,Wang Yi. The Anomaly Response to the 1997/1998 El Niño Event in South China Sea. Advances in Earth Science, 2008, 23(10): 1027-1036.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.10.1027        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2008/V23/I10/1027

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