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地球科学进展  2008, Vol. 23 Issue (10): 1020-1026    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.10.1020
研究论文     
地震激发地球自由振荡过程的数值模拟初步探索
严珍珍1,2,张怀2,杨长春1,石耀霖2
1. 中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所,北京 100029;2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049
An Initial Study of the Numerical Simulation of the Earth′s Free Oscillations Process Excited by Earthquake
Yan Zhenzhen1,2,Zhang Huai2,Yang Changchun1,Shi Yaolin2
1.Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China;2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
 全文: PDF(2252 KB)  
摘要:

地球自由振荡的固有频率与地球内部结构密切相关,研究地球自由振荡可以深入研究地球内部结构。传统的解析方法侧重于本征频率的确定,但对从地震发生到地球自由振荡被激发的全过程难以研究。从弹性波动理论基础出发,试采用谱元法结合高性能并行计算数值模拟特大地震激发的弹性波在地球内部传播过程。在不考虑地球重力情况下,对数值模拟激发地球自由振荡的结果进行功率谱密度分析,通过对谱结果的观察并与理论值进行对比分析,认识到环型振型数值模拟结果可以准确重现其长周期理论频率值,地球重力对球型振型有重要影响。探讨了是否可以通过这种方法真实重现地球自由振荡激发的过程。以期利用此方法深入探讨地球横向不均匀性对地球自由振荡的影响。

关键词: 地球自由振荡地球内部结构环型振荡球型振荡谱元法并行计算    
Abstract:

The eigenfrequencies of the Earth′s free oscillations are closely related to the Earth′s internal structures. Elaborately investigating the characteristics of the Earth′s free oscillations can open another window to address the hierarchical structures with variations of this mysterious planet on which we are living. The traditional method mainly focused on calculating the eigenfrequencies by analytical ways, whereas it lacks the advantage of modeling a realistic earth model with lateral heterogeneity, from studying on the process from earthquake occurrence to the Earth′s free oscillations inspired. We proposed numerical simulation method which is based on the elastic propagation theory; the spectral element method and high performance parallel computing were incorporated to simulate the seismic wave propagation process in the Earth's interior. As a preliminary study, we neglected the effects of the Earth′s gravitational potential. The seismographic data recorded by synthetic stations were analyzed by power spectral density distribution analysis, and compared with those from the theoretical values of PREM model. We found that the simulated results of toroidal modes agreed well with the theoretical values.

Key words: The Earth′s free oscillations    The Earth′s internal structures    Toroidal oscillations    Spheroidal oscillations    Spectral element method    Parallel computing.
收稿日期: 2008-05-30 出版日期: 2008-10-10
:  P315.4  
基金资助:

国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“区域强震活动演化的物理模型和预测模型试验”(编号:2004CB418406);国家自然科学基金项目“不充分混合模型地幔对流模型的大规模数值模拟”(编号:40474038)资助.

通讯作者: 严珍珍     E-mail: yanzhzh04@mails.gucas.ac.cn
作者简介: 严珍珍(1981-),女,湖北随州人,博士研究生,主要从事地球动力学、油储地球物理等方面研究.E-mail:yanzhzh04@mails.gucas.ac.cn
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引用本文:

严珍珍,张怀,杨长春,石耀霖. 地震激发地球自由振荡过程的数值模拟初步探索[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(10): 1020-1026.

Yan Zhenzhen,Zhang Huai,Yang Changchun,Shi Yaolin. An Initial Study of the Numerical Simulation of the Earth′s Free Oscillations Process Excited by Earthquake. Advances in Earth Science, 2008, 23(10): 1020-1026.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.10.1020        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2008/V23/I10/1020

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