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地球科学进展  2009, Vol. 24 Issue (12): 1309-1317    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.12.1309
综述与评述     
基于真实结构的地表热辐射方向性计算机模拟研究进展
占文凤1, 周纪1, 马伟1,2
1.北京师范大学资源学院,地表过程与资源生态国家重点实验室,北京100875;2.中国冶金地质总局矿产资源研究院遥感中心,北京100029
Computer Simulation of Land Surface Thermal Anisotropy Based on Realistic Structure Model: A Review
ZHAN Wenfeng1, ZHOU Ji1, MA Wei1,2
1.State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, College of Resources Science & Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing100875,China;2.Institute of Mineral Resources Research, China Metallurgical Geology Bureau, Beijing100029, China
 全文: PDF(856 KB)  
摘要:

地表温度是地质学、水文学和陆面过程研究中的重要参数。由于地表的三维结构和异质性,大部分不同类型陆地表面均存在不同程度热辐射方向性现象。总结了基于真实结构的地表热辐射方向性计算机模型研究进展,归纳了真实结构模型中蒙特卡罗光线追踪法和辐射度方法的理论基础,阐明了两种方法的区别和联系,并从理论和物理意义上分别推导和阐释了其与几何光学模型及辐射传输模型的关系,指出了真实结构模型在算法效率、非同温系统蒙特卡罗模拟、参数获取、模型反演和应用等方面存在的主要问题,并展望了其在未来的发展趋势。

关键词: 地表温度 热辐射方向性 真实结构模型 蒙特卡罗光线追踪 辐射度    
Abstract:

Land surface temperature is one of the most important parameters in geology, hydrology and land surface process model. However, thermal anisotropy lies in almost all types of land surfaces due to its three dimensionality and heterogeneity. Based on realistic structure model, the progresses of computer simulation about land surface thermal anisotropy have been summarized. The theoretical basis of Monte Carlo Ray Tracing (MCRT) and radiostiy has been generalized and various types of approaches have been reviewed at the same time. These two methods have been widely used in many fields, including the calculation of directional emissivity and directional brightness temperature (DBT), validating other traditional models and combining energy balance model with computer simulation models. The similarities and differences between MCRT and radiosity method were clarified. Time complexities of these two algorithms are both high. The backward-MCRT and radiosity are independent on view direction; the forward-MCRT is on the opposite side. MCRT is applicable to specular-specular and specular-diffuse surface reflection, while diffuse surfaces need radiosity methods. Statistical geometrical data of the objects is optional for MCRT, while realistic structure is necessary for radiosity. The realistic model was then compared with geometrical optics model and transfer radiation model. Theoretical derivation indicates that the computer simulation model is equal to geometrical model without considering multi-scattering between objects. On the other hand, thermal radiation transfer equation is applied to mixed dispersion media, while the radiosity integral equation is based on radiation balance of ‘micro-plane’. Some inherent flaws of computer simulation model, including time efficiency, MCRT in non-isothermal surfaces,parameters acquisition, inversion and application have been pointed out. Moreover, carrying out field observation actively, enhancing the application research of realistic structure model, integrating the advantages of existing models and some other key points which need further investigation, have also been emphasized in the end.

Key words: land surface temperature    thermal anisotropy    realistic structure model    Monte Carlo Ray Tracing    Radiosity
收稿日期: 2009-06-15 出版日期: 2009-12-17
:  TP701  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“城市地表热辐射方向性模型及能量通量的角度订正方法”(编号:40771136);“大城市建筑结构及材料与城市热岛效应耦合机制的遥感研究——以北京为例”(编号:40701114);北京市优秀人才培养资助项目“北京市地表能量收支的遥感研究”(编号:20081D0503100254)资助.

通讯作者: 占文凤(1986),男,江西新余人,博士研究生,主要从事资源环境遥感研究.     E-mail: zhanwenfeng@ires.cn
作者简介: 占文凤(1986-),男,江西新余人,博士研究生,主要从事资源环境遥感研究. E-mail:zhanwenfeng@ires.cn
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引用本文:

占文凤,周纪,马伟. 基于真实结构的地表热辐射方向性计算机模拟研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(12): 1309-1317.

ZHAN Wenfeng, ZHOU Ji, MA Wei. Computer Simulation of Land Surface Thermal Anisotropy Based on Realistic Structure Model: A Review. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(12): 1309-1317.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.12.1309        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2009/V24/I12/1309

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