Progress of the Study of Earth System of Models of Intermediate Complexity in Recent Years" /> 近年来中等复杂程度地球系统模式的研究进展
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地球科学进展  2007, Vol. 22 Issue (3): 290-296    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.03.0290
综述与评述     
近年来中等复杂程度地球系统模式的研究进展
尹崇华1,2,延晓冬1,石正国1,2
1.中国科学院大气物理研究所东亚区域气候—环境重点实验室,北京 100029;2.中国科学院研究生院,北京 100039

Progress of the Study of Earth System of Models of Intermediate Complexity in Recent Years

YIN Chong-hua1, 2, YAN Xiao-dong1 , SHI Zheng-guo1,2
1.Key Laboratory of Regional Climate-Environment Research for Temperate East Asia, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China; 2.Gruduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China
 全文: PDF(115 KB)  
摘要:

近十几年来,地球系统模式领域活跃着一类新兴的模式——中等复杂程度的地球系统模式(EMICs),EMICs以其对计算能力的较低要求和对地球系统的较为完备的描述,使其应用几乎覆盖了简单模式和大气环流模式(CGCMs)的所有研究领域,特别在长期气候变化的模拟方面展现了得天独厚的优势,从而使得在长期气候变化的背景下研究近代气候变化更具现实意义。EMICs已经成为模拟地球系统的有力工具,为目前的CGCMs模拟提供了必要的补充,在简单模式与CGCMs之间架起了一座桥梁。首先回顾了中等复杂程度地球系统模式(EMICs)的发展现状,结合近年来国内外发表的文献探讨了EMICs的基本组成、应用领域,并对EMICs未来的发展趋势进行了预测。

关键词: 地球系统中等复杂程度大气环流模式气候模拟    
Abstract:

In recent decades, except for conceptual and three-dimensional comprehensive models (CGCMs), Earth system models of intermediate complexity (EMICs) as a new type of models occur in the scope of the Earth system models. EMICs simulate the interactions among several or even all components of the Earth system explicitly, albeit in a more reduced, i.e., more parameterized form. Thus EMICs describe the Earth system in an almost complete manner. Just due to their Simplicities, EMICs need more low Computation cost. Therefore, EMICs can not carry out only long-term simulations over 10 000 years, but a broad range of sensitivity experiments. EMICs have already become an integrated and powerful assessment tool for environmental studies, and bridge the gap between present CGCMs and conceptual models. In this review paper, status and improvements of EMICs are reviewed firstly. Then based on the domestic and foreign published literatures, the basic composition and application domain of EMICs in recent years are discussed. Finally, the future development trend of EMICs is forecasted.

Key words: Earth system    Intermediate complexity    General circulation models    Climate simulation.
收稿日期: 2006-07-24 出版日期: 2007-03-10
:  P46  
基金资助:

国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“北方干旱化与人类适应”(编号: 2006CB400500);国家自然科学基金项目“基于个体的陆面动态植被模式”(编号:40675048)资助.

通讯作者: 延晓冬(1962-),男,陕西绥德人,研究员,博士,主要从事系统生态学、森林生态学和全球变化研究.E-mail:yxd@tea.ac.cn     E-mail: yxd@tea.ac.cn
作者简介: 尹崇华(1975-),男,吉林省吉林市人,硕士研究生,主要从事全球变化与中等复杂程度地球系统模式的开发与应用.E-mail:yinch@tea.ac.cn
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尹崇华,延晓冬,石正国. 近年来中等复杂程度地球系统模式的研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2007, 22(3): 290-296.

YIN Chong-hua, YAN Xiao-dong, SHI Zheng-guo.

Progress of the Study of Earth System of Models of Intermediate Complexity in Recent Years. Advances in Earth Science, 2007, 22(3): 290-296.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.03.0290        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2007/V22/I3/290

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