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地球科学进展  2000, Vol. 15 Issue (5): 503-508    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2000.05.0503
学术论文     
长江流域历史洪水的周期地理学研究
刘沛林
衡阳师范学院地理系,湖南 衡阳 421008
THE CYCLIC GEOGRAPHY STUDY ON THE HISTORICAL FLOODS IN THE YANGTZE RIVER
LIU Pei-lin
Department of Geography,Hengyang Normal University,Hengyang 421008,China
 全文: PDF(328 KB)  
摘要:

从周期地理学的角度,探讨长江历史洪水的频发特点和周期规律,认为影响长江历史洪水的基本周期因子,与近日点日月交食年周期、太阳黑子活动周期和历史气候周期等因素有较大的关联性。而近几个世纪以来长江洪水频率的不断加快,表明人类活动扰乱和改变了历史洪水原有的周期值,使长江历史洪水周期打上了人类活动的深刻烙印。

关键词: 长江洪水周期周期地理学    
Abstract:

As a newly-developed science, Cyclic geography mainly studies geographic phenomena and their regularities of change and their cyclicity.The present paper, from the point of view of cyclic geography, discusses the frequency and cyclic regularities of the historical floods in the Yangtze river, and reaches the following conclusion: (1) There exists a connection between the essential cyclic factors that influence the historical floods in the Yangtze river and the cycle of having both the solar and lunar eclipse in the same year at the perihelion, the cycle of the movement of the sunspot, and the historical cycle of climate;(2) The cyclic features of the historical floods in the Yangtze river are shown on two different scales, either big or small. The smaller cycle as obtained from the historical statistics is 9.73 years, identical with that of the year having both the solar and lunar eclipse at the perihelion (about 9 years) and the cycle of the movement of sunspot (the average is 11 years, with the shortest being 9 years). Analysis through the multi-regression equation shows that the tendency of the historical floods advance wave upon wave, with each trough and each wave crest leaping over one or two centuries. It reflects one great cycle which coincides with the tendency of the global climatic wave motion;(3) The cycle of the historical floods in the Yangtze river is greatly influenced by human activities. The soil erosion in the Yangtze river valley, the silt up of rivers and lakes, the raise of water level all resulted from the unplanned development of the land and over-reclaimation and cultivation of wasteland. The cycle of frequent floods coincides with the cycle of the historical population growth in the river valley. The accelerated pace of the frequency of the floods in the Yangtze river in the past few centuries reflects that human activities have obvious intervening function upon the cycle of floods, which have changed the essential cycle of floods in the Yangtze river.

Key words: The Yangtze river    Floods    Cycle    Cyclic geography.
收稿日期: 1999-10-28 出版日期: 2000-10-01
:  P343.1  
基金资助:

湖南省教委青年基金项目“长江流域历史洪水变化的周期地理学研究”(编号:99B16)资助。

通讯作者: 刘沛林(1963-),男,湖南汉寿人,教授,近年来重点从事长江水灾问题和区域生态安全体系问题研究。    
作者简介: 刘沛林(1963-),男,湖南汉寿人,教授,近年来重点从事长江水灾问题和区域生态安全体系问题研究。
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引用本文:

刘沛林. 长江流域历史洪水的周期地理学研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2000, 15(5): 503-508.

LIU Pei-lin. THE CYCLIC GEOGRAPHY STUDY ON THE HISTORICAL FLOODS IN THE YANGTZE RIVER. Advances in Earth Science, 2000, 15(5): 503-508.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2000.05.0503        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2000/V15/I5/503

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