Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2002, Vol. 17 Issue (2): 289-294    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2002.02.0289
中国典型地区土地利用变化对生态系统的影响机制     
中国北方典型沙尘暴的遥感分析
范一大1,史培军1,王秀山2,潘耀忠1
1. 北京师范大学资源科学研究所,北京师范大学中国沙漠研究中心,北京师范大学环境演变与自然灾害教育部重点实验室,北京 100875; 2. 中国农业科学院资源区划研究所, 北京 100081
THE ANALYSIS OF TYPICAL DUST STORM IN NORTHERN CHINA BY REMOTE SENSING
FAN Yi-da1, SHI Pei-jun1,WANG Xiushan2, PAN Yao-zhong1
1. Institute of Resources Science, Beijing Normal University, China Center of Desert Research at Beijing Normal University, Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875,China;2. Institute of Natural Resources & Regional Planning,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081,China
 全文: PDF(100 KB)  
摘要:

综述了沙尘暴研究的领域和进展,提出了利用NOAA/AVHRR数据提取沙尘暴信息和沙尘暴信息密度分割的方法,经与气象数据对比验证,结果比较满意。结合沙尘暴途经区域的土地覆盖类型和植被覆盖度,对我国北方典型沙尘暴与下垫面之间的关系进行了分析,认为在同样的气象条件下,沙尘暴途经地区下垫面的土地利用/覆盖状况和植被覆盖程度决定着沙尘暴的形成与强度的变化。

关键词: 沙尘暴土地利用/覆盖植被覆盖度    
Abstract:

This article summarizes the field and progress about the research of dust storm. The methods of extracting dust storm information and dividing dust storm information by density based on (NOAA/AVHRR data is provided.  Compared with meteorological data, the result is satisfactory. By analysis the relationship between dust storm and surface (land cover and vegetables coverage degree)  in Northern China, it is proved that the land cover and vegetable coverage degree have more relationship with the form of dust storm and change of its intensity in same  meteorological conditions.

Key words: Dust storm    Land use/cover    Vegetation coverage.
收稿日期: 2001-12-07 出版日期: 2002-04-01
:  P425+5   
基金资助:

国家重点基础研究发展规划项目“中国北方沙漠化过程及其防治研究(编号:G2000048701)”;“草地与农牧交错带生态系统重建机理及优化生态—生产范式(编号:G2000018604)”;“我国生存环境演变和北方干旱化趋势预测研究(编号:G1999043404)”资助.

通讯作者: 范一大(1968-),男,内蒙古呼和浩特人,博士生,主要从事资源与环境信息管理和自然灾害遥感监测研究.E-mail:fyd@irs.bnu.edu.cn     E-mail: fyd@irs.bnu.edu.cn
作者简介: 范一大(1968-),男,内蒙古呼和浩特人,博士生,主要从事资源与环境信息管理和自然灾害遥感监测研究.E-mail:fyd@irs.bnu.edu.cn
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
王秀山
范一大
潘耀忠
史培军

引用本文:

范一大,史培军,王秀山,潘耀忠. 中国北方典型沙尘暴的遥感分析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2002, 17(2): 289-294.

FAN Yi-da, SHI Pei-jun,WANG Xiushan,PAN Yao-zhong. THE ANALYSIS OF TYPICAL DUST STORM IN NORTHERN CHINA BY REMOTE SENSING. Advances in Earth Science, 2002, 17(2): 289-294.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2002.02.0289        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2002/V17/I2/289

[1] Shi Peijun,Zhang Hong,WANG Ping,et al. The regional patterns for combating sandification in sandy disaster affected area in china[J].Journal of Natural Disasters,2000,9(3):1-7.[史培军,张宏,王平,等.我国沙区防沙治沙的区域模式[J].自然灾害学报,2000,9(3): 1-7.]
[2] Shi Peijun,Yan Ping,Gao Shangyu,et al. The duststorm disaster in china and its research progress[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters,2000,9(4):71-77[史培军,严平,高尚玉,等.我国沙尘暴灾害及其研究进展与展望[J].自然灾害学报,2000,9(4): 71-77.]
[3] Pyke K.Aolian Dust and Dust Deposits[M]. London:Academic Press Inc Ltd,1987.113-126.
[4] Fang Zhongyi, Zhu Fukang, Jiang Jixi, et al. The Research of Duststorm in China[M]. Beijing: Meteorology Press,1997.1-6.[方宗义,朱福康,江吉喜,等.中国沙尘暴研究[M].北京:气象出版社,1997.1-6.]
[5] Idso S. Thermal blanketing: a case for aerosol-induced climatic alteration[J]. Science, 1974,186:50-51.
[6] Isdo S, Brazel A. Planetary radiation balance as a function of atmospheric dust: climatological consequences[J]. Science, 1977, 198:731-733.
[7] Littmann T.  Dust storm frequency in Asia: Climatic control and variability[J]. Inter J Climatology, 1991,11:393-412.
[8] Goudie A S,Middleton N J. The changing frequency of dust storms through time[J]. Climatic Change, 1992, 20:197-225.
[9] Goudie A. Dust storms in space and time[J]. Progr Phys Geogr, 1983,7:502-530.
[10] Pye K. Aeolian Dust and Dust Deposits[M]. London: Acdemic Press, 1987.
[11] Littmann T, Steinrucke J. Atmosphere boundary conditions of recent Saharan dust influx into central Europe[J]. Geo Journal, 1989, 18:399-406.
[12] Wang Shigong, Dong Guangrong, Yang Debao. A Study on sand-dust storms over the desert region in north China[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 1996, 6(2): 31-37. [王式功,董光荣,杨德保,等.中国北方地区沙尘暴变化趋势初探[J]. 自然灾害学报, 1996,6(2):31-37.]
[13] Quan Linsheng,Shi Shaoying, Zhu Yafen, et al. Temporal-spatial distribution characteristics and causes of dust-day in China[J].Acta Geographic Sinica, 2001,56(4):477-485.[全林生,时少英,朱亚芬,等.中国沙尘天气变化的时空特征及其气候原因[J].地理学报,2001.56(4): 477-485.]
[14] Ji Fei, Qin Yu. The numerical simulation on dust-storm over east Asia Ⅱ, A case analysis[J].Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis, 1998,34(5): 639-645. [纪飞,秦瑜,东亚沙尘暴数值模拟Ⅱ:个例分析[J].北京大学学报(自然科学版),1998,34(5):639-645.]
[15] Jie Xuan,Guoliang Liu,et al. Dust emission inventory in Northern China[J].Atmospheric Environment, 2000,34:4 565-4 570.
[16]  Jie Xuan. Dust emission factors for environment of Northern China[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 1999,33:1 767-1 776.
[17] Fang M, Zheng M. The long-range transport of aerosols from northern China to Hong Kong—a multi-technique study[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 1999,33:1 803-1 817.
[18] Thomas Pettke, Alex N, Halliday, et al. Dust production and Deposition in Asia and the north Pacific Ocean over the past 12 Ma[J].Earth and Planetary Science Letters,2000,178: 397-413.
[19] Liu H, Sun D. Pathway of dust input to the chinese Loess Plateau during the last glacial and interglacial periods[J].Catena,2000,40:251-261.
[20] Nilgun Kubilay, Slobodan Nickovic. An Illustration of the transport and deposition of mineral dust onto the eastern Mediterranean[J]. Atmospheric Environment,2000,34:1 293-1 303.
[21] Qian Yun, Fu Congbin, Wang Shuyu, et al. Mineral Dust and Climate Change[J].Advance in Earth Sciences,1999,14(4):391-394.[钱云,符淙斌,王淑瑜,等.沙尘气溶胶和气候变化[J].地球科学进展,1999,14(4):391-394.]
[22] Ye Duzheng, Chou Jifan,Liu Jiyuan, et al. Causes of sand-stormy weather in Northern China and contral measures[J].Acta Geographica Sinica, 2000,55(5):513-521.[叶笃正,丑纪范, 刘纪远,等.关于我国华北沙尘暴天气的成因与治理对策[J].地理学报,2000,55(5):513-521.]
[23] Zhang Zengxiang, Zhou Quanbin, Liu Bin, et al. Monitoring of the characters and dround-surface of dust storm area in North China remote sensing[J].Journal of Remote Sensing, 2001,5(5):377-382. [张增祥,周全斌,刘斌,等.中国北方沙尘暴灾害特点及其下垫面状况的遥感监测[J].遥感学报,2001,5(5):377-382.]
[24] Bergam etti G. Encyclopedia of Earth System Science[M]. San Diego: Academic Press, 1992, 171-182.
[25] Fang Zhongyi, Zhang Yungang, Zheng Xinjing, et al. The method for monitoring dust devil using satellite and preliminary results[J]. Quaternary Research, 2001,21(1):48-54.[方宗义,张运刚,郑新江,等.用气象卫星遥感监测沙尘暴的方法和初步结果[J].第四纪研究, 2001,21(1): 48-54.]
[26] Jiang Jixi, A Study of formation for“black storm”using gms-4 imagery[J]. Quarterly Journal of  Applied Meteology, 1995,6(2):177-184.[江吉喜.一次沙尘暴成因的卫星云图分析[J].应用气象学报,1995,6(2):177-184.]
[27] Shao Yaping. Physics and Modelling of Wind Erosion[M]. The Netherlands:Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000.135-136
[28] Wei Li, Shen Zhibao. The Radiative  characteristics of atmospheric dust observed from Satellite[J]. Plateau  Meteorology, 1998,17(4):347-355.[ 魏丽,沈志宝.大气沙尘辐射特性的卫星观测[J].高原气象,1998,17(4):347-355.]
[29] Zhou M Y,Chen Y,et al. Effects of two dust storms on solar radiation in the Beijing-Tianjin area[J].Geophys Res Lett, 1994,21:2 697-2 700.
[30]  Fan Yida, Shi Peijun, Pap Yaozhong, et al. Monitoring the intensity of regional dust storm using NOAA/AVHRR data[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters,2001,10(4):46-51. [范一大,史培军,潘耀忠,等.基于NOAA/AVHRR数据的区域沙尘暴强度监测[J]. 自然灾害学报,2001,10(4):46-51.]
[31] Chen Yuhao, Li Xiaobing, Shi Peijun, et al. Estimating vegetation coverage change using remote sensing data in Haidian district,Beijing[J].Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 2001,25(5): 588-593. [ 陈云浩,李晓兵,史培军,等.北京海淀区植被覆盖的遥感动态研究[J].植物生态学报,2001,25(5): 588-593.]

[1] 华文剑, 陈海山, 李兴. 中国土地利用/覆盖变化及其气候效应的研究综述[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(9): 1025-1036.
[2] 贾坤, 姚云军, 魏香琴, 高 帅,江 波, 赵 祥. 植被覆盖度遥感估算研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(7): 774-782.
[3] 李宁,顾孝天,刘雪琴. 沙尘暴灾害致灾因子三维联合分布与重现期探索[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(4): 490-496.
[4] 李耀辉,孙国武,张良,段海霞. 我国北方沙尘暴年代际变化与北大西洋海气系统年代际变率的联系[J]. 地球科学进展, 2011, 26(6): 624-630.
[5] 朱好,张宏升. 沙尘天气过程临界起沙因子的研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2011, 26(1): 30-38.
[6] 范一大,史培军,周涛,李仪. 中国北方沙尘灾害影响因子分析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2007, 22(4): 350-356.
[7] 李耀辉,张书余. 我国沙尘暴特征及其与干旱关系的研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2007, 22(11): 1169-1176.
[8] 史培军,王静爱,冯文利,叶涛,葛怡,陈婧,刘婧. 中国土地利用/覆盖变化的生态环境安全响应与调控[J]. 地球科学进展, 2006, 21(2): 111-119.
[9] 李宁,顾卫,杜子璇,史培军,任学慧,KevinLevy. 内蒙古中西部地区不同土壤类型下土壤水分的研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2006, 21(2): 151-156.
[10] 林冠慧,张长义. 巨大灾害后的脆弱性:台湾集集地震后中部地区土地利用与覆盖变迁[J]. 地球科学进展, 2006, 21(2): 201-210.
[11] 李彰俊;李宁;顾卫;吴学宏. 内蒙古中西部地区土壤水分对沙尘暴的贡献[J]. 地球科学进展, 2005, 20(1): 24-028.
[12] 范一大,史培军,罗敬宁. 沙尘暴卫星遥感研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2003, 18(3): 367-373.
[13] 李芳, 屈建军. 风沙电研究的现状及展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 2002, 17(4): 572-575.
[14] 王静爱,何春阳,董艳春,高玲,徐伟. 北京城乡过渡区土地利用变化驱动力分析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2002, 17(2): 201-208.
[15] 史培军,宋长青,景贵飞. 加强我国土地利用/覆盖变化及其对生态环境安全影响的研究———从荷兰“全球变化开放科学会议”看人地系统动力学研究的发展趋势[J]. 地球科学进展, 2002, 17(2): 161-168.