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地球科学进展  2007, Vol. 22 Issue (8): 784-790    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.08.0784
综述与评述     
中国极地大地测量学十年回顾:1996—2006年
鄂栋臣1,2,张胜凯1,2,周春霞1,2
1.武汉大学测绘学院中国南极测绘研究中心,湖北 武汉 430079;2极地测绘科学国家测绘局重点实验室,湖北 武汉 430079
Ten Year’s Progress of Chinese Polar Geodesy: 1996-2006
E Dong-chen1,2, ZHANG Sheng-kai1,2, ZHOU Chun-xia1,2
1.Chinese Antarctic Center of Surveying and Mapping, SGG, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China;2.Key Laboratory of Polar Surveying and Mapping, SBSM, Wuhan 430079, China
 全文: PDF(2166 KB)  
摘要:

回顾了近10年来我国南北两极大地测量学在GPS、重力、验潮及合成孔径雷达干涉测量等方面的研究进展。具体介绍了以长城站、中山站和黄河站3个GPS观测站为依托,开展的板块运动、卫星定轨及极区大气环境监测方面的研究;GPS在埃默里冰架、格罗夫山及Dome A考察中的应用研究;长城站的高精度绝对重力及相对重力测量;中山站自动验潮站的建立;及合成孔径雷达干涉测量在南极内陆冰盖的应用研究等。

关键词: 南极GPS重力验潮干涉合成孔径雷达    
Abstract:

Ten year’s progress of Chinese polar geodesy from 1996 to 2006 is summarized. The research on plate motion, orbit determination, and atmospheric monitoring including ionosphere and troposphere, etc. was performed from the GPS data of Great Wall Station, Zhongshan Station and Yellow River Station. GPS was also applied in Amery ice shelf, Grove Mountains and Dome A expeditions. During the 2004-2005 austral summer season, the absolute gravity and relative gravity were measured at the Great Wall Station. The tide gauge was set up in Zhongshan Station in 2000. The SAR interferometry was applied to build the DEM of ice sheet and to monitor the ice flow in the polar region.

Key words: Antarctica    GPS    Gravity    Tide gauge    InSAR.
收稿日期: 2007-04-17 出版日期: 2007-08-10
:  P22  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“利用多源遥感数据监测南极冰貌地形及其动态变化研究”(编号:40606002);国家测绘局项目“南极考察地区基础测绘”(编号:1469990324229)资助.

通讯作者: 鄂栋臣(1939-),男,江西广丰人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事极地测绘遥感信息学的研究.E-mail: edc@whu.edu.cn     E-mail: edc@whu.edu.cn
作者简介: 鄂栋臣(1939-),男,江西广丰人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事极地测绘遥感信息学的研究.E-mail: edc@whu.edu.cn
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引用本文:

鄂栋臣,张胜凯,周春霞. 中国极地大地测量学十年回顾:1996—2006年[J]. 地球科学进展, 2007, 22(8): 784-790.

E Dong-chen, ZHANG Sheng-kai, ZHOU Chun-xia. Ten Year’s Progress of Chinese Polar Geodesy: 1996-2006. Advances in Earth Science, 2007, 22(8): 784-790.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.08.0784        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2007/V22/I8/784

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