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地球科学进展  2009, Vol. 24 Issue (11): 1185-1194    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.11.1185
综述与评述     
干旱区陆面过程和大气边界层研究进展
张强1,2,3,王胜1,3,张杰1,3,王润元1,3,刘宏宜1,李岩瑛1,3
1.中国气象局兰州干旱气象研究所/甘肃省干旱气候变化与减灾重点实验室/中国气象局干旱气候变化与减灾重点开放实验室,甘肃兰州730020;
2.甘肃省气象局,甘肃兰州730020;
3.兰州大学大气科学学院,甘肃兰州730000
The Progresses on Land Surface Processes and Atmospheric Boundary Layer in Arid Regions
ZHANG Qiang1,2,3,  WANG Sheng1,3 ,  ZHANG Jie1,3,WANG Runyuan1,3,LIU Hongyi1,LI Yanying1,3
1.Institute of Arid Meteorology,CMA;Key Laboratory of Arid Climatic Change and Reducing Disaster of Gansu Province;Key Open Laboratory of Arid Climatic Change and Disaster Reduction of CMA,Lanzhou730020,China;
2.Gansu Provincial Meteorological Bureau, Lanzhou730020, China; 
3.Lanzhou University,Lanzhou730000,China
 全文: PDF(1004 KB)  
摘要:

干旱区陆面过程和大气边界层不仅与气候、生态、水资源密切相关,而且影响我国气候格局和东亚大气环流,是一个十分重要的研究领域,近20多年已取得了比较系统的研究进展。从干旱区陆面热力和水分过程特征、干旱区大气边界层结构特征、干旱区陆面过程参数及其参数化公式、非均匀下垫面大气边界层理论、干旱城市大气边界层特征与污染机理等方面归纳总结了干旱区陆面过程和大气边界层领域取得的部分研究进展。并且,认为科学试验的代表性、复杂下垫面的影响、尺度转化、地表能量不平衡、极端天气过程的相互作用、水分过程的复杂性等问题是干旱区陆面过程和大气边界层研究领域的突出问题和未来研究重点。

关键词: 干旱地区陆面过程大气边界层科学试验复杂下垫面问题    
Abstract:

Land surface processes and atmospheric boundary layer in arid regions in China as a key physical process are not only closely related with the regional climate, ecology, water resource, but also have impact on the pattern of China climate and Eastern-Asian atmospheric circulation. In recent years, many researches about the issues have been done, and a lot of progresses have been obtained. In this paper, the several aspects of research progresses, including thermodynamic and hydrological characteristics of surface land processes in arid regions, structure of atmospheric boundary layer in arid regions, parameters and parameterization of surface land processes in arid regions, theory of atmospheric boundary layer of heterogeneous underlying surface, the characteristics of atmospheric boundary layer and pollutant mechanism of a arid valley city, etc.  have been summarized and concluded. And the present scientific problems and the future important scientific points are discussed.

Key words: Arid regions    Land surface progresses    Atmospheric boundary layer
收稿日期: 2009-04-21 出版日期: 2009-11-10
:  P43  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金重点项目“黄土高原陆面过程观测与试验研究(LOPEX)”(编号: 40830957)资助.

通讯作者: 张强(1965-),男,甘肃靖远人,研究员,主要从事大气边界层、陆面过程、干旱气候与环境研究.     E-mail: zhangqiang@cma.gov.cn
作者简介: 张强(1965-),男,甘肃靖远人,研究员,主要从事大气边界层、陆面过程、干旱气候与环境研究.E-mail:zhangqiang@cma.gov.cn
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引用本文:

张强,王胜,张杰,王润元,刘宏宜,李岩瑛. 干旱区陆面过程和大气边界层研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(11): 1185-1194.

ZHANG Qiang, WANG Sheng, ZHANG Jie,WANG Runyuan. The Progresses on Land Surface Processes and Atmospheric Boundary Layer in Arid Regions. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(11): 1185-1194.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.11.1185        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2009/V24/I11/1185

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