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地球科学进展  2014, Vol. 29 Issue (6): 674-682    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.06.0674
综述与评述     
青藏高原水文模拟的现状及未来
王磊, 李秀萍, 周璟, 刘文彬, 阳坤
中国科学院青藏高原研究所,北京 100101
Hydrological modelling over the Tibetan Plateau: Current status and Perspective
Wang Lei, Li Xiuping, Zhou Jing, Liu Wenbin, Yang Kun
Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
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摘要:

介绍了青藏高原水文模拟的研究现状和发展趋势。水文模拟是研究水文过程的主要手段,可为流域水资源管理及防灾减灾提供理论和决策支持。国际上第一代水文模型为“集总式”,第二代水文模型为“分布式”,但它们大都以描述降水—产流的水分输移为主(“水圈”),未仔细考虑陆—气水热交换中植被的调节作用(“生物圈—大气圈”)。近10年来,在气候变化的背景下,随着大气科学以及生态学的蓬勃发展,分布式水文模型开始描述生物圈—大气圈相互作用;[JP2]通过改进陆—气间的水热交换过程以及植被的生理过程,实现了对流域水圈—生物圈—大气圈的综合模拟。然而,针对显著受冰冻圈过程影响的青藏高原,需要深入研究冰冻圈与其他圈层(水圈/生物圈/大气圈)的相互作用机理,并实现其在水文模拟中的参数化,以提升区域水资源和水灾害的预测能力。

关键词: 冰冻圈多圈层水文模型水和能量平衡陆面过程水文过程    
Abstract:

This paper describes the current status and perspective for the hydrological modelling over the Tibetan Plateau (TP). Hydrological models, as primary tools to study hydrological processes, can provide theoretical and decision support for water resources management as well as disaster prevention and mitigation in river basins. As is known, the first-generation hydrological models are “lumped”, and the second-generation hydrological models are “distributed”. However, most of the above models mainly describe the “precipitation-to runoff” water transport processes (“hydrosphere”) without carefully addressing the special role of vegetation in the water and energy exchanges in the landatmosphere interactions (“biosphere-atmosphere”). Over the past decade, in the context of climate change, with the vibrant developments of atmospheric science and ecology, distributed hydrological models began to describe the biosphereatmosphere interactions by improving the water and energy cycle formulations between the land and atmosphere, as well as enhancing the descriptions of physiological processes of vegetation. Up to now, a comprehensive description of hydrosphere-biosphere-atmosphere interactions in river basins has been realized by the hydrological community. However, regarding TP with a large portion of cryosphere land cover, the detailed cryospheric processes are of essence to be further considered in the multi-sphere hydrological modeling over TP. This will largely contribute to studies of the interaction mechanism among the cryosphere and other spheres (hydrosphere /biosphere /atmosphere), and thus improve the predictive ability of the region’s water resources and water-related disasters.

Key words: Land surface process.    Multi-sphere hydrological model    Cyosphere    Water and energy balance    Hydrological process
出版日期: 2014-06-10
:  P334  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金优秀青年科学基金项目“青藏高原水文学”(编号:41322001); 国家自然科学基金重大项目“第三极地球系统中水体的多相态转换及其影响”之第三课题“水体多相态转换过程中的界面能量平衡过程”(编号:41190083)资助

作者简介: 作者简介:王磊(1981-),男,新疆乌鲁木齐人,研究员,主要从事分布式陆面水文模型的开发及其在综合水资源管理中的应用等研究.E-mail:wanglei@itpcas.ac.cn
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引用本文:

王磊, 李秀萍, 周璟, 刘文彬, 阳坤. 青藏高原水文模拟的现状及未来[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(6): 674-682.

Wang Lei, Li Xiuping, Zhou Jing, Liu Wenbin, Yang Kun. Hydrological modelling over the Tibetan Plateau: Current status and Perspective. Advances in Earth Science, 2014, 29(6): 674-682.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.06.0674        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2014/V29/I6/674

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