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地球科学进展  2016, Vol. 31 Issue (3): 236-247    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2016.03.0236.
综述与评述     
土壤湿度参数化及对天气和气候模拟影响的研究进展
李得勤1, 2, 张述文2, 文小航3, 贺慧1
1.沈阳中心气象台,辽宁 沈阳 110166;
2.兰州大学半干旱气候变化教育部重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
3.成都信息工程学院,四川 成都 610225
Soil Moisture Parameterization and Its Influences in Weather and Climate Simulation: A Review
Li Deqin1, 2, Zhang Shuwen2, Wen Xiaohang3, He Hui1
1.Shenyang Central Meteorological Observatory, Shenyang 110166, China;
2.College of Atmospheric Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China;
3.Chengdu University of Information Technology, Chengdu 610225, China
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摘要:

陆面过程中土壤湿度相关的水文过程及对天气和气候模拟的影响已经受到国内外学者的广泛关注。首先,追溯了土壤湿度的定义和确定方法,回顾了陆面模式中土壤湿度相关的水文参数化过程,包括不同土壤类型的水文曲线和土壤湿度方程的数值求解方法;其次,详细地给出了目前陆面模式中所使用的土壤水文参数的确定方法及其存在的不确定性,指出了参数敏感性分析和优化方法在陆面参数确定中的重要性,及最新的陆面水文参数集的建立在陆面模式的发展和土壤湿度准确模拟中的重要性。最后,总结了国内外关于土壤湿度对降水的反馈机制的研究进展,主要分为土壤湿度的时空分布特征和异常对季节性降水的正反馈作用,以及中尺度土壤湿度的非均匀性对局地对流激发的负反馈作用。通过总结已有的研究进展后分析了土壤湿度模拟中存在的不确定性因素,给出了土壤湿度对未来天气和气候模拟影响的主要研究方向。

关键词: 陆面模式水文过程气候效应反馈机制土壤湿度    
Abstract:

The soil hydrological process in land surface models and its influences on weather and climate simulation have got much attention by scholars both at home and abroad. First, this paper traced the definition and determination of soil moisture, and then reviewed its parameterization in different models, including soil-water characteristic curves for different soil types and numerical methods for solving soil moisture equations. Moreover, methods of soil hydrological parameter determination and uncertainties within land surface models were specified. Also, the importance of methods in parameter sensitivity analysis and optimization was emphasized, and the new datasets of soil hydraulic parameters would play a very important role in the improvement of the land surface model and soil moisture simulation. Finally, the research progress of feedback mechanism between soil moisture and precipitation was summarized. Spatial and temporal distribution of soil moisture and its abnormal would cause a positive feedback, and on the contrary, the meso-scale characteristics of soil moisture distribution had a negative feedback. By summarizing the progresses of the uncertainties and problems in soil moisture simulation, the influences of soil moisture on simulating weather and climate were pointed out.

Key words: Hydrological processes    Feedback mechanism.    Land surface model    Soil moisture    Climatic effect
收稿日期: 2015-11-29 出版日期: 2016-03-10
:  P461.4  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“参数优化和数据同化用于估算土壤湿度的研究”(编号:41105064)和“中国东北半干旱区能量水分循环过程的资料同化与数值模拟研究”(编号:41405063)资助

作者简介: 李得勤(1981-),男,甘肃民乐人,副研究员,主要从事陆面过程、数据同化方法、天气和气候模拟研究
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引用本文:

李得勤, 张述文, 文小航, 贺慧. 土壤湿度参数化及对天气和气候模拟影响的研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(3): 236-247.

Li Deqin, Zhang Shuwen, Wen Xiaohang, He Hui. Soil Moisture Parameterization and Its Influences in Weather and Climate Simulation: A Review. Advances in Earth Science, 2016, 31(3): 236-247.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2016.03.0236.        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2016/V31/I3/236

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