Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2009, Vol. 24 Issue (4): 411-419    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.04.0411
研究论文     
城市陆面过程与边界层结构研究
蒋维楣1,王咏薇1,2,张宁1
1.南京大学大气科学学院,江苏 南京 210093; 2.南京信息工程大学大气物理学院,江苏 南京 210044
Research on Urban Land-Surface Process and Boundary Layer Structure
Jiang Weimei1, Wang Yongwei1,2, Zhang Ning1
1.Atmospheric Sciences School, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
2.Atmospheric Physics School,Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044,China
 全文: PDF(1811 KB)  
摘要:

     通过城市边界层观测、卫星遥感以及城市边界层数值模拟等途径,获取对城市陆面过程特性的认识,研究建立精细城市边界层模式,引入合理城市区陆面过程参数化方案,并进行城市边界层结构影响研究。研究结果表明:①城市下垫面能量平衡过程迥异于自然地表,引入合理的参数化方案是改善数值模拟性能的关键。②高分辨卫星观测信息是认识城市地表参数状况及其变化的有效途径。 ③人为热排放参数化方案的合理引入是准确描述地表能量平衡过程的又一重要课题。需根据实际情况确定人为热排放的引入方案及量值变化。④应从合理描述城市建筑物下垫面对热力输送及大气动力场的影响出发,研究建立了多层城市冠层模式。⑤应建立更完善的多尺度城市边界层模式系统并引入更新的城市效应参数化方案和数据同化处理,以增强并完善城市边界层数值模拟能力。

关键词: 城市陆面过程边界层结构城市冠层人为热地面能量平衡    
Abstract:

       Research progresses of the author and their team on urban land-surface process and boundary layer structure was summarized in this paper. With the data analysis on urban boundary layer and satellite remote sensing, and the numerical study, the characteristics of the urban land-surface have been known, and the mechanism of urban boundary layer research was further carried out by building the fine urban boundary layer model system with the reasonable urban effect parameterization. The research results showed that: (1) The urban surface energy balance is very different from it on nature surface. (2) The satellite data with high resolution is an important approach to investigate the characteristics of urban surface parameter. (3) It is very important to introduce the anthropogenic heat parameterization into the model for accurately describing the urban surface energy balance. (4) The multi-layer urban canopy model has been developed for considering the buildings effect on the dynamical and thermal field of atmospheric motion. (5) The development of multi-scale urban boundary layer model system and the perfection of the urban effect parameterization in it made the simulation on local characteristic of urban boundary layer to be more reasonable. At present, with the speedup of the urbanization on various effects of the urban area expansion and layout on the change of weather/climate are very necessary.

Key words: Urban land-surface processes    Boundary layer structure    Urban canopy    Anthropogenic heat    Surface energy balance
收稿日期: 2008-11-21 出版日期: 2009-04-10
:  P414  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金重点项目“城市边界层三维结构研究”(编号:40333027)资助.

通讯作者: 蒋维楣     E-mail: wmjiang06@jsmail.com.cn
作者简介: 蒋维楣(1939-),男,江苏太仓人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事大气边界层物理与大气环境研究. E-mail:wmjiang06@jsmail.com.cn
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
蒋维楣
王咏薇
张宁

引用本文:

蒋维楣,王咏薇,张宁. 城市陆面过程与边界层结构研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(4): 411-419.

Jiang Weimei, Wang Yongwei, Zhang Ning. Research on Urban Land-Surface Process and Boundary Layer Structure. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(4): 411-419.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.04.0411        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2009/V24/I4/411

[1] Deardorff J W. Efficient prediction of ground surface temperature and moisture with inclusion of a layer of vegetation[J].Journal of Geophysical Research,1978, 83: 1 889-1 903.
[2] Dai Yongjiu, Zeng Xubin, Dickinson R E, et al.The common land model[J].Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society,2003,84:1 013-1 023.
[3] Sun Shufen. The Physical, Biochemical, Mechanisms and Parameterization Model of Land Surface Processes[M]. Beijing:Meteorological Press, 2005.[孙淑芬.陆面过程的物理、生化机理和参数化模型[M]. 北京:气象出版社, 2005.]
[4] Niu Guoyue, Hong Zhongxiang, Sun Shufen. Status and developmental trends of land surface processes study[J].Advances in Earth Science,1997, 12(2):20-25.[牛国跃,洪钟祥,孙淑芬.陆面过程研究的现状与发展趋势[J].地球科学进展,1997, 12(2):20-25.]
[5] Zuo Hongchao. A Preliminary Study about Boundary Layer Characteristics and Land Surface Parameterization over Heterogeneous Underlying Surfaces[D].Lanzhou: Cold and Arid Regions Environment and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2004.[左洪超.非均匀边界层特征与陆面过程参数化的初步研究[D].兰州:中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所,2004.]
[6] Liu Shuhua, Wen Pinghui, Zhang Yunyan, et al.Sensitivity tests of interaction between land surface physical process and atmospheric boundary layer[J].Acta Meteorology Sinica,2001,59(5):533-548.[刘树华,文平辉,张云雁,等.陆面过程和大气边界层相互作用敏感性实验[J].气象学报,2001,59(5):533-548.]
[7] Grimmond C S B, Oke T R. Turbulent heat fluxes in urban areas: observation and a local scale urban meteorological parameteriation scheme (LUMPS)[J].Journal of Applied Meteorology,2002, 41:792-810.
[8] Chen Yan, Jiang Weimei, Zhang Ning, et al. Impact of Nanjing urban development on the boundary layer[J].Chinese Journal of Geophysics,2007,50(1):66-73.[陈燕,蒋维楣,张宁,等.南京城市化进程对大气边界层的影响研究[J].地球物理学报,2007,50(1):66-73.]
[9] Wang Chenggang, Sun Jianning, Jiang Weimei. Observation and analysis of the characteristics of urban concrete surface energy balance[J].Journal of Nanjing University (Natural Sciences),2007,43(3):270-279.[王成刚,孙鉴泞,蒋维楣.城市水泥下垫面能量平衡特征的观测与分析[J].南京大学学报:自然科学版,2007,43(3):270-279.]
[10] Liu Hongnian, Jiang Weimei, Sun Jianning, et al. An observation and analysis of the micrometeorological characteristics of the Nanjing urban boundary layer[J].Journal of Nanjing University (Natual Science),2008, 44(1): 110-117.[刘红年,蒋维楣,孙鉴泞,等. 南京城市边界层微气象特征观测与分析[J]. 南京大学学报:自然科学版,2008, 44(1):110-117.]
[11] Grimmond C S B, Oke T R. Turbalent heat flux in urban Oreas: Observation and a local-scale urban meteorological parameterxation scheme (LUMPS)[J].Journal of Applied Meteorology,2002, 41:792-810.
[12] Taha H. Modeling a mesoscale meteorological model to better incorporate urban heat storage: A bulk-parameterization approach[J].Journal of Applied Meteorology,1999, 38:466-473.
[13] Jiang Weimei, Chen Yan. The impact of anthropogenic heat on urban boundary layer structure[J].Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences,2007, 31(1): 37-47.[蒋维楣, 陈燕.人为热对城市边界层结构影响研究[J].大气科学, 2007, 31(1):37-47.]
[14] Chen Yan. Study of Urban Inhomogeneigies′ Effect on Atmospheric Boundary Layer\[D\].Nanjing: Nanjing University, 2005.[陈燕.城市下垫面若干非均匀特征对大气边界层结构影响的研究[D].南京:南京大学,2005.]
[15] Masson V.A physically based scheme for the urban energy budget in atmospheric models[J].Boundary Layer Meteorology,2000,94:357-397.
[16] He Xiaofeng, Jiang Weimei, Liu Hongnian, et al.Study on thermal effect of urban canopy structure on UHI with Town Energy Balance (TEB) scheme[J].Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences,2008, 32(6):1 445-1 457.[何晓凤, 蒋维楣,刘红年,等.应用城市地表能量平衡方案研究城市冠层结构对城市热岛的热力影响[J].大气科学,2008,32(6):1 445-1 457.]
[17] Zhou Rongwei, Jiang Weimei, He Xiaofeng. Numerical simulation of the impacts of urban canopy structure on the formation and the intensity of the urban heat island[J].Chinese Journal of Geophysics,2008,51(3):715-726.[周荣卫,蒋维楣,何晓凤.城市冠层结构热力效应对热岛形成及其强度影响的模拟研究[J]. 地球物理学报, 2008, 51(3):715-726.]
[18] Wang Guiling, Jiang Weimei, Wei Ming,et al. Analysis for urban/rural albodo from MODIS over East China[C]//Proceeding of SPIE.Beijing, 2005.
[19] He Xiaofeng, Jiang Weimei, Chen Yan, et al.Numerical simulation of the impacts of anthropogenic heat on the structure of the urban boundary layer[J].Chinese Journal of Geophysics,2007, 50(1): 74-82.[何晓凤, 蒋维楣, 陈燕,等.人为热源对城市边界层结构的影响的数值模拟[J]. 地球物理学报,2007, 50(1):74-82.]
[20] Wang Yongwei, Jiang Weimei, Liu Hongnian. Advanced in research of urban effcet parameterization scheme on models of atmosphere[J].Advances in Earth Science,2008, 23(4): 371-381.[王咏薇,蒋维楣,刘红年.大气数值模式中城市效应参数化方案研究进展[J].地球科学进展,2008,23(4):371-381.]
[21] Wang Yongwei, Jiang Weimei, Ji Chongping, et al.Simulation of the land-use change effect on urbanh meteorological environment[J].Journal of Nanjing University (Natural Sciences),2006,42(6): 562-581.[王咏薇, 蒋维楣, 季崇萍,等.土地利用变化对城市气象环境影响的数值研究[J]. 南京大学学报:自然科学版,2006,42(6):562-581.]
[22] Oke T. The surface energy budgets of urban areas[M]//Hosker P R. Modeling the Urban Boundary Layer,A M S, Boston, 1987.
[23] Wang Yongwei. Numerical Study on Boundary Layer Structure Respond to Urban Land-Surface Process[D].Nanjing: Nanjing University, 2007.[王咏薇.城市陆面过程与边界层响应的数值研究[D].南京:南京大学,2007.][24] Jiang Weimei, Wang Yongwei, Liu Gang, et al. Mutil-scale urban boundary layer modeling system[J].Journal of Nanjing University (Natural Sciences),2007, 43(3): 221-237.[蒋维楣, 王咏薇, 刘罡,等. 多尺度城市边界层数值模式系统[J]. 南京大学学报:自然科学版, 2007, 43(3): 221-237.]
[25] Zhou Rongwei. Study on the Structure of Urban Boundary Layer and Fine Numerical Simulation[D].Nanjing: Nanjing University, 2007.[周荣卫.城市边界层结构与精细化数值数值模拟研究[D].南京:南京大学,2007.]
[26] Zhou Rongwei,Jiang Weimei,He Xiaofeng, et al. Study on the effect of the building morphology on the urban boundary layer based on the urban canopy model [J].Acta Meteorologica Sinica,2008,66(4):489-499.[周荣卫,蒋维楣,何晓凤,等.应用城市冠层模式研究建筑物形态对城市边界层的影响[J].气象学报,2008,66(4):489-499.]

[1] 蒋维楣,苗世光,张宁,刘红年,胡非,李磊,王咏薇,王成刚. 城市气象环境与边界层数值模拟研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(5): 463-473.