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地球科学进展  2003, Vol. 18 Issue (4): 632-636    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2003.04.0632
研究论文     
一个基于模拟退火法的陆面数据同化算法
李新1,小池俊雄2,程国栋1
1.中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所,甘肃 兰州 730000;2.东京大学工学部土木工学科,日本 东京 1138656
AN ALGORITHM FOR LAND DATA ASSIMILATION BY USING SIMULATED ANNEALING METHOD
Li Xin1,Toshio Koike2,Cheng Guodong1
1.Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;2.Department of Civil Engineering, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
 全文: PDF(64 KB)  
摘要:

陆面数据同化系统是近年来兴起的新领域。我们发展了一个实验型的陆面数据同化方案,它使用一种启发式优化算法---模拟退火法极小化目标泛函。与变分法和Kalman滤波方法比较,这一算法具有独立于目标泛函的优点,可处理模型和观测算子的非线性和不连续性。使用GAME-Tibet实验中的土壤水分观测值进行单点数值实验,成功地将土壤水分观测同化到陆面过程模型 SiB2中。结果表明,与不进行同化相比,土壤水分的估计值有较大改善。

关键词: 陆面数据同化系统四维数据同化陆面过程模拟退火法土壤水分    
Abstract:

    The high nonlinearity and discontinuity of landsurface model and radiative transfer model hinder further practical operation of some advanced four dimensional data assimilation methods such as the Kalman filter and the variational method in the land data assimilation system. Accordingly, we develop a new data assimilation algorithm by employing a heuristic optimization approach named simulated annealing, which is capable of minimizing the four dimensional cost function without using the adjoint model. The method has advantages in dealing with the strong nonlinearity and discontinuity, and in finding the global minimal in the hilly structure of the cost function. Additionally, all the processes in the model operator and the observation operator can be kept because the method is independent on the cost function. The disadvantage of this method, when compared to the variational method, is its low efficiency. Therefore, we make efforts to improve the method by incorporating very fast simulated re-annealing(VFSA) algorithms into the data assimilation cycle.
    Based on the VFSA algorithm, we design a research purpose land surface data assimilation system which assimilates the in situ monitoring of soil moisture into a land surface scheme. The modified SiB2 with frozen soil parameterization is used as the model operator. We have implemented one dimensional offline test of the algorithm with the GAME-Tibet observations. The algorithm is compared with a control run without assimilating the observations. The results show that the cost value calculated from the optimized initial values is much smaller. In addition, the bias from observations is also significantly reduced.

Key words: Land data assimilation    Land surface modeling    Simulated annealing    Soil moisture.
收稿日期: 2002-12-17 出版日期: 2003-08-01
:  TP75  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“中国西部地区陆面数据同化系统”(编号:90202014)和“青藏高原积雪和冻土的被动微波遥感监测研究”(编号:49971060);中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目“青藏铁路工程与多年冻土相互作用及其环境效应”(编号:KZCX1-SW-04)资助·所使用的数据来自于中日GAME-Tibet项目.

通讯作者: 李新     E-mail: lixin@ns.lzb.ac.cn
作者简介: 李新(1969-),男,研究员,主要从事遥感与地理信息系统研究.E-mail:lixin@ns.lzb.ac.cn
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引用本文:

李新,小池俊雄,程国栋. 一个基于模拟退火法的陆面数据同化算法[J]. 地球科学进展, 2003, 18(4): 632-636.

Li Xin,Toshio Koike,Cheng Guodong. AN ALGORITHM FOR LAND DATA ASSIMILATION BY USING SIMULATED ANNEALING METHOD. Advances in Earth Science, 2003, 18(4): 632-636.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2003.04.0632        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2003/V18/I4/632

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