Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  1995, Vol. 10 Issue (4): 341-347    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.1995.04.0341
干旱气候变化与可持续发展     
全球气候变化对红树林生态系统的影响与研究对策
卢昌义,林鹏,叶勇,汪和海
厦门大学环境科学研究中心  厦门  361005
REVIEW ON IMPACT OF GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE ON MANGROVE ECOSYSTEMS AND RESEARCH COUNTERMEASURE
Lu Changyi,Lin Peng,Ye Yong,Wang Hehai
Center for Environmental Science Research of Xiame University, Xiamen  361005
 全文: PDF(475 KB)  
摘要:

红树林生态来统出现于热带和亚热带的潮间带,是一个脆弱或敏感的生态来统,受到陆相和海相的双重影响,可能是全球气候变化影响的早期指示者。气候变化引起海平面升高的速率在9~12 cm/100a时或超过红树林底质的沉积速率时,红树林就受到胁迫甚至消亡。平均气温上升可能造成红树林种类组成的变化。一定限度的升温有利红树植物的生长发育,但太高温度不利其叶的形成和光合作用。温度的累积作用会有相当大的影响,并通过土壤呼吸的刺激产生多种反馈机制。降水方式的变化引起土壤或水的盐度改变而对红树林产生影响。另外还讨论了我国开展红树林生态系统与气候变化研究的内容和方法建议,包括红树林湿地温室气体排放的动态,CO2水平提高对红树林生态系统的影响等。

关键词: 全球气候变化红树林生态系统对策建议    
Abstract:

Mangrove ecosystems found in the intertidal regions of tropical and subtropical areas are Ecoton or Eco-sensitive zones. They are likely to be early indicators of the effects of climate change. If the rate of sea-level rise is 9~12 cm per 100 years or exceeds the rate of mangrove sediment accretion, mangrove may be under stress or collapse. If the average air temperature increase, the species composition of mangrove forests may change. Mangrove plant development may be accelerated by limited temperature increase, however too high temperature is not beneficial to mangrove leaf development and photosynthesis. Temperature increase could become significant when the cumulative effects of temperature on plant development, and could cause some feedback mechanisms via soil respiration stimulation. The change of precipitation patterns in mangrove area may effect the mangrove ecosystems through influencing soil or water salinity. Including research methods, some research countermeasure suggestions on relationship between mangrove ecosystems of China and climate change are discussed, such as dynamics of greenhouse gases released from mangrove wet lands and effects of elevated CO2 on mangrove ecosystems, etc.

Key words: Global climate change    Mangrove ecosystems    Countermeasure suggestion.
收稿日期: 1994-06-27 出版日期: 1995-08-01
通讯作者: 卢昌义   
作者简介: 卢昌义,男,47岁,副教授,主要研究方向为海洋生态环境、红树林生理生态及环境科学。
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  

引用本文:

卢昌义,林鹏,叶勇,汪和海. 全球气候变化对红树林生态系统的影响与研究对策[J]. 地球科学进展, 1995, 10(4): 341-347.

Lu Changyi,Lin Peng,Ye Yong,Wang Hehai. REVIEW ON IMPACT OF GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE ON MANGROVE ECOSYSTEMS AND RESEARCH COUNTERMEASURE. Advances in Earth Science, 1995, 10(4): 341-347.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.1995.04.0341        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y1995/V10/I4/341

[1] International Society for Mangrove Ecosystem. Charter for Mangroves. Proceedings of VII Pacific Science Inter-Congress Mangrove Session,1993.111-113.
[2] 张乔民.红树林防浪护岸机理与效益评价.第七届全国海岸工程学术讨论会文集(F).北京:海洋出版社,1993.853-861.
[3] 陈华,赵士洞.全球气候变化对森林生态系统影响的研究(述评).地球科学进展,1993,8(1):1-6.
[4] Department of Environment. Possible impacts of elimate change on the national environment in the United Kingdom. UK Dept of Environment,Romney House,London,1988,SWIP 3PY,l-24.
[5] Dale V H and Frandlin J F.Potential effect of elimate change on stand department in the Pacific Northwest. Can J For Res,1989,19:1581-1590.
[6] Field C D. Impact of expected elimate change on mangroves. In:Asia-Pacific Symposium on Mangrove Ecosystems, 1993,No K6.
[7] Kjerfve B. Designing long-term experiments to assess elimate change impact in mangrove ecosystems. Proceedings of VII Pacific Science Inter-Congress,Mangrove Session,1993.103-104.
[8] IPPC. Climate Change: The Scientific Assessment, Report of Working Group 1.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,1990.
[9] Ellison J E & Stoddatr D R.Mangrove ecosystem collapse during predicted sea-level rise:Holocene analogues and impications. Journal of Coastal Research,1991,7:151-165.
[10] Wondroffe C D & Grindrod J. Mangrove biogeography:the role of Quaternary environment and sea-level change. J Biogeogr,1991,18:479-492.
[11] Hutchings P & Saenger P. Ecology of Mangroves. Australia: Universiry of Queensland Press,1987.
[12] 林鹏.红树林.北京:海洋出版社.1984.
[13] Seenger P & Moverly J. Vegetative phenology of mangroves along the Queensland coastline. Proceedings of the Ecological Society of Australia,1985,13:257-265.
[14] Clough B F, Andrews T J & Cowan I R.Physiological processes in mangroves. In:Mangrove Ecosystems in Australia: Structure, Function and Management(Clough B F ed.).Canberra:Australian National University Press, 1982.193-210.
[15] Andrews T J, Clough B F & Muller G J. Photosyntheric gas exchange properties and carbon isotope ratios of some mangroves in North Queensland. In: Physiology and Management of Mangroves, Tasks for Vegetation Science 9 (Teas H J ed.).1984.15-23.
[16] Rawson H M.Plant resposes to temperature under conditions of elevated CO2. Aust J Bot,1992,40:473-490.
[17] Drake B G.A field of the effects of elevated CO2 on ecosystem processes in a Chesaprake Bay wetland.Aust J Bot,1992,40:579-595.
[18] Ball M C & Farquhar G D. Photosynthetic and stomatal responses of two mangrove species,Aegicerasc corniculatum and Avicennia marica,to long term salinity and humidity conditions. Plant Physiology,1984,74:1-6.
[19] Cheeseman J M, Clough B F, Carter D R, Lovelock C E, Ong J E & Sim R G. The analysis of photosynthetic performance of leaves under field conditions: a case study using Bruguiera mangroves.Photo synthesis Research,1991,29:11-22.
[20] Burehett M D, Field C D & Pulkownik A. Salinity, growth and root respiration in the grey mangrove Avicennia marina. Physiologia Plantarum,1984,60:113-118.
[21] Ball M C. Ecophysiology of mangroves.Trees,1988,2:129-142.
[22] Ball M C& Munns R.Plant responses to salinity under elevated atmospheric concentrations of CO2. Aust J Bot,1992,40:515-525.
[25] UNESCO.Reports in Marine Science: Impact of expected elimate change on mangrove.UNESCO,1993,No 61.
[24] 卢昌义等.九龙江口秋茄红树林群落的凋落物量研究.厦门大学学报(自然科学版),1988,27(4):459-463.
[25] Lu Changyi and Lin Peng. Studies on litter fall and decomposition of Bruguiera sexangula (Lour.):Poir community on Hainan Island,China. Bulletin of Marine Science,1990,47(1):139-148.
[26] Purvaja G R and Ramesh R. Estimation of greenhouse gas concentration from the maogrove ecosystem of South India. In: Asia-Pacific Symposium on Mangrove Ecosystems,1993,No 045.
[27] Snedaker S C.Mangrove and climate change: scenarios and hypotheses. In:Asia-Pacific Symposium on Mangrove Ecosystems,1993,No K1.
[28] 陈泮勤,王晖.IGBP中国全国委员会简介.IGBP中国全国委员会秘书处,1990.
[29] Rodhe H. A comparison of the contribution of various gases to the greenhouse effect. Science,1990,248:1217-1219.
[30] 卢昌义.论红树林对温室效应负影响的抵御作用.气候变化与环境问题全国学术讨论会论文汇编.北京:中国科学技术协会,1991,No 111.
[31] Fujimoto K et al. Mechanism of mangrove habitats formation and their maintenance against sea-level rise on Pacific Island. In:Asia-Pacific Symposiumon Mangrove Ecosystems,1993,9.

[1] 史培军, 王爱慧, 孙福宝, 李宁, 叶涛, 徐伟, 王静爱, 杨建平, 周洪建. 全球变化人口与经济系统风险形成机制及评估研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(8): 775-781.
[2] 任国玉, 任玉玉, 李庆祥, 徐文慧. 全球陆地表面气温变化研究现状、问题和展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(8): 934-946.
[3] 高涛, 谢立安. 近50年来中国极端降水趋势与物理成因研究综述[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(5): 577-589.
[4] 邬建国, 何春阳, 张庆云, 于德永, 黄甘霖, 黄庆旭. 全球变化与区域可持续发展耦合模型及调控对策[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(12): 1315-1324.
[5] 陈泮勤,程邦波,王芳,曲建升. 全球气候变化的几个关键问题辨析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(1): 69-75.
[6] 刘小茜,王仰麟,彭建. 人地耦合系统脆弱性研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(8): 917-928.
[7] 申彦波,赵宗慈,石广玉. 地面太阳辐射的变化、影响因子及其可能的气候效应最新研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(9): 915-924.
[8] 许强,陈伟,张倬元. 对我国西南地区河谷深厚覆盖层成因机理的新认识[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(5): 448-456.
[9] 曲建升,葛全胜,张雪芹. 全球变化及其相关科学概念的发展与比较[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(12): 1277-1284.
[10] 孙军. 今生颗石藻的有机碳泵和碳酸盐反向泵[J]. 地球科学进展, 2007, 22(12): 1231-1239.
[11] 张强;韩永翔;宋连春. 全球气候变化及其影响因素研究进展综述[J]. 地球科学进展, 2005, 20(9): 990-998.
[12] 吴金水;童成立;刘守龙. 亚热带和黄土高原区耕作土壤有机碳对全球气候变化的响应[J]. 地球科学进展, 2004, 19(1): 131-137.
[13] 李晶莹,张经. 流域盆地的风化作用与全球气候变化[J]. 地球科学进展, 2002, 17(3): 411-419.
[14] 刘全根. 国家能源结构调整的战略选择——加强可再生能源开发利用[J]. 地球科学进展, 2000, 15(2): 154-164.
[15] 郑景云,葛全胜,张丕远. 气候突变:史实与意义[J]. 地球科学进展, 1999, 14(2): 177-182.