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地球科学进展  2009, Vol. 24 Issue (1): 1-10    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.01.0001
综述与评述     
亚洲沙尘的远距离输送及对海洋生态系统的影响
高会旺1,祁建华1,石金辉1,石广玉2,冯士筰1
1. 中国海洋大学海洋环境与生态教育部重点实验室,山东 青岛 266100; 
2.中国科学院大气物理研究所大气科学和地球流体力学数值模拟国家重点实验室(LASG),北京 100029
Long-range Transport of Asian Dust and Its Effects on Ocean Ecosystem
Gao Huiwang1,Qi Jianhua1, Shi Jinhui1,Shi Guangyu2;Feng Shizuo1
1.Key Laboratory of Marine Environment and Ecology, Ministry of Education, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100,China; 2.State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
 全文: PDF(1037 KB)  
摘要:

亚洲沙尘是全球沙尘的重要组成部分,其环境效应已得到广泛关注,但至今对亚洲沙尘输送/沉降—海洋生态系统响应—辐射活性气体海气交换—间接气候效应这一过程的认识却是非常初步的。亚洲沙尘存在3个主要源区,对其排放强度的认识仍存在较大的不确定性。亚洲沙尘可以通过长距离输送而影响到广大的北太平洋,其传输路径和影响范围决定于沙尘的来源、粒子谱分布与大气环流特征等因素。沙尘沉降是海洋营养物质和污染物质的来源之一,但沉降通量的估算结果仍有待进一步验证,而对海洋生态系统的作用机制及其反馈还缺乏足够的了解。论文在综述国内外相关研究的基础上,提出了“亚洲沙尘与海洋生态系统”(Asian Dust and Ocean EcoSystem,ADOES)研究计划的科学目标和主要研究内容。

关键词: 亚洲沙尘远距离输送海洋生态系统ADOES    
Abstract:

It is recognized that Asian dust, one of the main component of dust in the world, has important effect on air quality, transportation, human health and climate, but only primary knowledge about the mechanism of eolian dust-ocean ecosystem-radiative gases-climate change has been obtained. The estimation of dust emission from three main sources in Asia remains great uncertainty. Asian dust would exert effect on a broad area of the Northern Pacific Ocean after long-range transportation by the west wind, and its transport path and reaching area rely on the location of source, spectral distribution of dust and the pattern of atmospheric circulation. It is well known that atmospheric deposition of dust is one of the main sources of nutrients and pollutants in the ocean, but the understanding of its effect on marine ecosystem and feedback is quite limited. Based on the reviews of related research, the contents and objective of ADOES(Asian Dust and Ocean EcoSystem), are suggested.

 

Key words: Asian dust    Long-range transport    Ocean ecosystem    ADOES
收稿日期: 2008-07-05 出版日期: 2009-01-10
:  P425.5+5  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金重大项目“上层海洋—低层大气生物地球化学与物理过程耦合研究”(编号:40490260)第二课题“大气沉降对中国近海氮营养物的贡献”(编号:40490262);新世纪优秀人才支持计划(编号:NCET-04-0639);国际科技合作项目“亚洲沙尘的气候与环境效应研究”(编号:2006DF21950)共同资助.

通讯作者: 高会旺     E-mail: hwgao@ouc.edu.cn
作者简介: 高会旺(1966-),山东曹县人,教授,主要从事大气物质沉降与海洋环境动力学研究. E-mail:hwgao@ouc.edu.cn
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高会旺,祁建华,石金辉,石广玉,冯士筰. 亚洲沙尘的远距离输送及对海洋生态系统的影响[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(1): 1-10.

Gao Huiwang,Qi Jianhua,Shi Jinhui,Shi Guangyu,Feng Shizuo. Long-range Transport of Asian Dust and Its Effects on Ocean Ecosystem. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(1): 1-10.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.01.0001        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2009/V24/I1/1

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