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地球科学进展  2019, Vol. 34 Issue (6): 660-670    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2019.06.0660
新学科 新技术 新发现     
活化灌溉水对土壤理化性质和作物生长影响途径剖析
王全九(),孙燕,宁松瑞,张继红,周蓓蓓,苏李君,单鱼洋
西安理工大学省部共建西北旱区生态水利国家重点实验室,陕西 西安 710048
Effects of Activated Irrigation Water on Soil Physicochemical Properties and Crop Growth and Analysis of the Probable Pathway
Quanjiu Wang(),Yan Sun,Songrui Ning,Jihong Zhang,Beibei Zhou,Lijun Su,Yuyang Shan
State Key Laboratory of Eco-hydraulics in Northwest Arid Region of China, Xi'an University of Technology, Xi'an 710048, China
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摘要:

随着水资源短缺问题日益突出,提高我国农业水资源生产效率成为现代灌溉农业的重要研究内容。活化灌溉水技术为挖掘灌溉水的生理生产潜力、提高灌溉水在农业生态系统中的综合功效,提供了新的途径。在综合分析国内外有关活化水理化性质变化特征、活化灌溉水对土壤物质传输与转化、活化灌溉水促进作物生长等方面研究进展的基础上,根据土壤物理、作物生理和物质传输动力学基本理论,剖析了活化灌溉水对土壤物质传输、土壤物质转化、根系吸水吸养、作物产量形成的可能影响途径,并提出了未来重点研究的基础科学和应用技术问题,为科学合理利用活化灌溉水技术提供参考。

关键词: 活化灌溉水土壤物质传输作物生长产量数学模型    
Abstract:

With the problem of shortage of water resources becoming increasingly prominent, the improvement of production efficiency of agricultural water resources in China has become an important research content of modern irrigated agriculture. The technology of activated irrigation water provides a new way to excavate the physiological production potential of irrigation water and improve the comprehensive efficacy of irrigation water in agro-ecosystems. In this study, the research progress of the variable characteristics of physicochemical properties of activated irrigation water, the transport and transformation of soil material by activated irrigation water, and the promotion of crop growth by activated irrigation water were comprehensively analyzed. On this basis, according to the basic theories of soil physics, crop physiology, and material transport dynamics, the effects of activated irrigation water on soil material transport, soil material transformation, water and nutrition uptake by root, and crop yield formation and the probable pathway were analyzed. The key problems of basic science and applied technology in the future research are put forward to provide reference for the scientific and reasonable utilization of activated irrigation water technology.

Key words: Activated irrigation water    Soil material transport    Crop growth    Yield    Mathematical model.
收稿日期: 2018-10-15 出版日期: 2019-07-05
ZTFLH:  P934  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金重点项目“西北旱区活化水灌溉提升地力与促进作物生长机理研究”(41830754)
作者简介: 王全九(1964-),男,内蒙古丰镇人,教授,主要从事农业水土资源与生态环境研究. E-mail:wquanjiu@163.com
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王全九
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引用本文:

王全九,孙燕,宁松瑞,张继红,周蓓蓓,苏李君,单鱼洋. 活化灌溉水对土壤理化性质和作物生长影响途径剖析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2019, 34(6): 660-670.

Quanjiu Wang,Yan Sun,Songrui Ning,Jihong Zhang,Beibei Zhou,Lijun Su,Yuyang Shan. Effects of Activated Irrigation Water on Soil Physicochemical Properties and Crop Growth and Analysis of the Probable Pathway. Advances in Earth Science, 2019, 34(6): 660-670.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2019.06.0660        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2019/V34/I6/660

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