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地球科学进展  2003, Vol. 18 Issue (3): 358-366    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2003.03.0358
研究论文     
水环境非点源污染数学模型研究进展
马蔚纯1,陈立民1,李建忠1,高效江1,林卫青2
1.复旦大学环境科学与工程系,上海 200433;2.上海市环境科学研究院,上海 200233
PROGRESS IN THE RESEARCH OF NONPOINT SOURCE POLLUTION MODELS OF AQUATIC ENVIRONMENT
Ma Weichun1,Chen Limin1,Li Jianzhong1,Gao Xiaojiang1,Lin Weiqing2
1.Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China;2.Shanghai Academy of Environmental Science, Shanghai 200233, China
 全文: PDF(148 KB)  
摘要:

水环境非点源污染正日益受到人们的重视,成为国内外学者所关注的热点领域。对水文模型、非点源模型的研究现状做了归纳分析,尤其是对模型与RS、GIS的集成进行了探讨,论述了两者结合的意义和重要性,提出了结合的层次性,归纳了结合的多种方式。最后对非点源污染模型的发展前景进行了分析和预测。

关键词: 非点源污染数学模型地理信息系统    
Abstract:

Two main types of pollution sources of surface waters can be generally characterized as point and nonpoint (i.e. diffuse) sources.While point sources are for the most part relatively well characterized and controlled, nonpoint sources become more and more important and are being increasingly recognized as significant aquatic pollution sources. This paper reviewed the research status of the hydrological models and nonpoint pollution models, analysed some famous and commonly-used models such as CREAMS, GLEAMS, HSPF, ANSWERS, AGNPS, etc., then discussed the significance, levels and methods of integrating RS, GIS and nonpoint pollution models. The authors also elucidated 3 levels of the integration: ①The basic level—establishing the database for the nonpoint sources based on GIS;②The second level—integrating the RS and GIS with nonpoint pollution models, such as parameter estimation, visualization for simulation results using GIS; ③The third level—establishing the comprehensive and integrated simulation system based on RS and GIS. Finally four aspects of the prospects and trends of nonpoint pollution models are analysed:①Establishing the integrated simulation system which can describe  interactions between atmospheric, hydrological processes and water quality responses.②Establishing the nonpoint pollution model system based on GIScience.③Focusing on the research of nonpoint pollution simulation in the plain catchment area.④Focusingon the toxic pollutants such as VOCs, PAH, PCBs,etc., in the nonpoint pollution simulation.

Key words: Nonpoint pollution model    GIS    Integration.
收稿日期: 2002-03-11 出版日期: 2003-06-01
:  X52  
基金资助:

教育部高等学校骨干教师资助计划资助.

通讯作者: 马蔚纯     E-mail: wcma@fudan.edu.cn
作者简介: 马蔚纯(1969-),男,上海市人,副教授,主要从事环境数学模型、GIS和环境评价研究.E-mail:wcma@fudan.edu.cn
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引用本文:

马蔚纯,陈立民,李建忠,高效江,林卫青. 水环境非点源污染数学模型研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2003, 18(3): 358-366.

Ma Weichun,Chen Limin,Li Jianzhong,Gao Xiaojiang,Lin Weiqing. PROGRESS IN THE RESEARCH OF NONPOINT SOURCE POLLUTION MODELS OF AQUATIC ENVIRONMENT. Advances in Earth Science, 2003, 18(3): 358-366.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2003.03.0358        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2003/V18/I3/358

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