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地球科学进展  2011, Vol. 26 Issue (2): 157-165    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2011.02.0157
综述与评述     
沉积物重力流研究进展综述
李云1 ,郑荣才1,朱国金2,胡晓庆2
1.“油气藏地质及开发工程”国家重点实验室,成都理工大学,四川成都610059;2.中海石油研究中心,北京100027
Reviews on Sediment Gravity Flow
Li Yun1, Zheng Rongcai1, Zhu Guojin2, Hu Xiaoqing2
1.State Key Laboratory of Oil & Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu610059, China;  2.CNOOC Research Center, Beijing100027, China
 全文: PDF(2568 KB)  
摘要:

关于沉积物重力流的研究已取得了长足进展,其石油地质意义已得到了足够重视,但在理解重力流的流体类型及沉积作用特点时仍有一定难度,从而出现了分类方案及术语使用非常混乱的严重现象,反过来又增加了理解的难度及认识的分歧。在总结国内外研究进展的基础上,试图理清重力流的各种分类方案、相应术语的涵义及其沉积特征,得出产生此现象的原因是多方面的。以珠江口盆地中新统珠江组深水扇为例,说明了深水环境中常见的浊流及碎屑流的沉积特征,和重力流过程中常见的流体性质转换及可能成因。最后指出了重力流研究中存在的一些问题,认为今后的发展方面包括跳出模式束缚、谨慎地使用术语及加强实验模拟等。沉积物重力流研究任重而道远。

关键词: 浊流浊积岩碎屑流颗粒流液化沉积物流沉积物重力流    
Abstract:

Significant progress has been made in the research of sediment gravity flow and its hydrocarbon significance has been paid enough attention by oil and gas industry since 1950s. However, there still exist  certain difficulties still exist when we understand the fluid types and their depositonal characteristics. Therefore, various classification schemes and different nomenclatures occurred, and in turn, this phenomenon are increases the difficulties of our understanding and awareness. Based on the recent progresses at home and a broad, the paper tries to set the record straight concerning the classification of sediment gravity flow, the corresponding meaning of the terms and their sedimentary characteristics. The reasons for chaos are manifold. Taken Miocene submarine fan in Zhujiang Formation Pearl River Mouth basin for example, the common turbidity current and debris flow and their depositon characteristics were illustrated. The common fluid transformation in gravity flow is described. At last, some problems in the research of sediment gravity flow were pointed out. The future developing direction includes breaking out the stereotype of thinking, careful use of the terms and enhancing experiment. On the whole, the study of sediment gravity flow has a long way to go.

Key words: Sediment gravity flow    Turbidity current    Turbidite    Debris flow    Grain flow    Liquefied flow
收稿日期: 2010-05-17 出版日期: 2011-02-10
:  P512.2  
基金资助:

国家科技重大专项“南海深水油气勘探开发示范工程——荔湾3-1气田总体开发方案及基本设计技术”子项目“深水扇储层层序地层和沉积模式研究”(编号 2008ZX05056-02-02)资助.

通讯作者: 郑荣才(1950-),男,上海人,教授,主要从事沉积地质学、层序地层学和石油地质学研究.       E-mail: zhengrc@cdut.edu.cn
作者简介: 李云(1983-),女,湖北襄阳人,博士研究生,主要从事沉积学研究. E-mail:liyun_cdut@yahoo.cn
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李云,郑荣才,朱国金,胡晓庆. 沉积物重力流研究进展综述[J]. 地球科学进展, 2011, 26(2): 157-165.

Li Yun, Zheng Rongcai, Zhu Guojin, Hu Xiaoqing. Reviews on Sediment Gravity Flow. Advances in Earth Science, 2011, 26(2): 157-165.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2011.02.0157        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2011/V26/I2/157

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