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地球科学进展  2010, Vol. 25 Issue (8): 844-850    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.08.0844
研究论文     
三江平原1960—2004年农业气候环境年代际变化
邹立尧1,2,国世友3,牛宁1
1.中国气象局培训中心,北京 100081; 2.南京信息工程大学,江苏南京 210044;3.黑龙江省气象台,黑龙江哈尔滨 150030
Interdecadal Change of Agroclimatic Environment in Sanjiang Plain during 1960—2004
Zou Liyao1,2, Guo Shiyou3, Niu Ning1
1.China Meteorological Administration Training Center, Beijing 100081, China;
2.Nanjing University of Information Sciences & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China;
3.Meteorological Observatory of Heilongjiang Province , Harbin 150030, China
 全文: PDF(1911 KB)  
摘要:

为研究三江平原农业气候环境年代际变化,使用1960—2004年三江平原17个国家气象站和14个农垦气象站观测资料,分析了三江平原气候资源和气候灾害变化特征。结果表明:①≥10℃活动积温20世纪60年代、70年代偏少,夏季低温发生频繁。80年代以后热量资源增加,夏季低温出现次数减少。②作物生长季降水量在20世纪70年代、90年代后期以后偏少,干旱年份偏多;其他时段降雨以偏多年份居多,雨涝年份较多。③1960—2004年三江平原热量资源变化与西风带环流及人类活动关系密切;降水资源多少与西太平洋副热带高压强度有很好的关系,与纬向环流变化也有一定联系。

关键词: 三江平原气候环境年代际变化    
Abstract:

The characteristics of the climate resources and climate disaster change in the Sanjiang plain were examined using the continuous temperature and precipitation data of the 17 national meteorological stations and 14 agricultural stations from 1960 to 2004.The results indicated that deficit accumulated temperature ≥10℃ occurred in Sanjiang plain from the 1960s to the 1970s ,and the summer low temperature often took place. The accumulated temperature ≥10℃ increased obviously from the late 1980s,and the summer low temperature years reduced. The crop growth season precipitation cut, and the drought disaster occured frequently during the 1970s and after the late 1990s, but the flood disaster happened often in the 1960s and 1980s.The thermal resources change was the result from the common action between the human activity and westerlies circulation variation. The rain variation had a good corresponding relation with the strength of  the western Pacific subtropical high strength and it related to the zonal circulation variation.

Key words: Sanjiang Plain    Agroclimatic environment    Interdecadal change
收稿日期: 2009-09-17 出版日期: 2010-08-10
ZTFLH:  P467  
基金资助:

国家科技基础条件平台项目“气象科学数据共享试点”(编号:2005DKA31700-08-05);中国气象局气象新技术推广项目“大小兴安岭林火气象监测预警技术研究与推广”(编号:CMATG2008M12)共同资助.

通信作者: 邹立尧     E-mail: zouliyao1964@yahoo.cn
作者简介: 邹立尧(1964-),男,山东烟台人,高级工程师,主要从事气候和气候变化研究. E-mail:zouliyao1964@yahoo.cn
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引用本文:

邹立尧,国世友,牛宁. 三江平原1960—2004年农业气候环境年代际变化[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(8): 844-850.

Zou Liyao,Guo Shiyou,Niu Ning. Interdecadal Change of Agroclimatic Environment in Sanjiang Plain during 1960—2004. Advances in Earth Science, 2010, 25(8): 844-850.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.08.0844        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2010/V25/I8/844

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