地球科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (2): 216 -226. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.02.0216

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陆生植物氮同位素组成与气候环境变化研究进展
刘贤赵 1, 2, 张勇 2, 宿庆 3, 田艳林 2, 王庆 1, 全斌 2   
  1. 1.鲁东大学地理与规划学院,山东 烟台 264025; 2.湖南科技大学建筑与城乡规划学院,湖南 湘潭 411201; 3. 湖南科技大学生命科学学院,湖南 湘潭 411201
  • 收稿日期:2013-10-08 出版日期:2014-02-10
  • 基金资助:

    山东省自然科学基金项目“陆生草本植物氮同位素组成对气候温度变化的指示”(编号:ZR2011DM007); 国家自然科学基金项目“小冰期以来山东半岛地区高分辨率气候环境变化的石笋记录”(编号:41171158)资助.

Progress of Research on Relationships between Terrestrial Plant Nitrogen Isotope Composition and Climate Environment Change

Liu Xianzhao 1, 2, Zhang Yong 2, Su Qing 3, Tian Yanlin 2, Wang Qing 1, Quan Bin 2   

  1. 1. College of Geography and Planning,Ludong University,Yantai 264025,China; 2. College of Architecture and Urban Planning,Hunan University of Science and Technology,Xiangtan 411201,China; 3. College of Life Science, Hunan University of Science and Technology,Xiangtan 411201,China
  • Received:2013-10-08 Online:2014-02-10 Published:2014-02-10

近年来,由于植物氮同位素组成(15N)记载了气候环境变化的信息,因而被广泛应用于全球变化研究中,成为古气候环境再造和了解现代气候环境变化信息的有力工具。然而,人们对气候环境引起的15N变化及其指示的气候环境意义并不完全清楚,这就有可能限制植物15N在古气候环境变化等领域研究中的应用。在概述植物氮同位素分馏和植物不同氮源的氮同位素分布的基础上,分析了温度、降水、大气CO2浓度和海拔高度等气候环境因子对陆生植物15N的影响以及它们的关系。指出了目前研究中存在的问题及其研究前景,认为在全球变化研究中利用植物氮同位素技术不仅可以重建古气候环境(如重建大气CO2浓度变化),揭示历史时期温度、降水的变化,而且还可以在一定的时间和空间上综合反映生态系统氮循环的特征。

Recently, since stable nitrogen composition (15N) in plants records abundant climate and environment information (such as information on temperature, humidity, precipitation and environment isotopes composition), it has been widely used in paleoclimate studies and becomes a powerful tool for understanding paleoenvironment reconstruction and modern climate change. However, some potential uncertainties have always involved in the reconstruction of paleoclimate and paleoenvironment. Among them, the most dominant uncertainty is due to our poor understanding of the relationship between nitrogen isotope ratios of plants and climatic factors, particularly the relationships among nitrogen isotope ratios, temperature and precipitation. Based on summarizing plant 15N fractionation and nitrogen isotope distribution of different N sources, the effects of environmental factors, e.g., temperature, precipitation, atmospheric CO2 concentration, and altitude on terrestrial plant 15N and their mechanism were analyzed in this paper. Furthermore, the existing and disputed problems in nitrogen isotope study were discussed, and the future trends of nitrogen isotope technique in global change research were prospected. It is pointed out that the technology of nitrogen isotope in plants could not only be used to rebuild paleoclimate (such as reconstructing the sequences of atmospheric CO2 concentration changes), revealing the trends of climate changes, but also in a certain time and space to reflect comprehensively the characteristics of nitrogen cycling in ecosystem. This will make more readers have a more profound understanding of the field and eventually broaden the development of the field.

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[1] 刘贤赵, 张勇, 宿庆, 田艳林, 全斌, 王国安. 现代陆生植物碳同位素组成对气候变化的响应研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(12): 1341-1354.
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