Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2002, Vol. 17 Issue (2): 221-228    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2002.02.0221
中国典型地区土地利用/覆盖变化及其动力机制     
北京和深圳城市化比较研究
徐小黎,史培军,何春阳
北京师范大学资源科学研究所,环境演变与自然灾害教育部重点实验室,北京 100875
THE URBANIZATION PROCESS COMPARISON OF BEIJING AND SHENZHEN
XU Xiao-li,SHI Pei-jun,HE Chun-yang
Institute of Resources Science, Beijing Normal University; Key Laboratory of Environmental Changes and Natural Disasters, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100875,China
 全文: PDF(193 KB)  
摘要:

通过对北京和深圳两个城市的城市化过程的比较研究,得出北京经历了一个稳定的城市化发展过程,城市人口(以户籍人口为主)城市化水平与人均国内生产总值的对数成正比关系,城市以"摊大饼"的模式向外扩张以及城市环境问题主要为大气污染和水资源匮乏;深圳经历了一个快速的城市化过程,城市人口以外来人口为主,城市化水平与人均国内生产总值成三次关系,城市沿交通干线向外扩张及城市环境问题主要是水污染和水土流失。两个城市化过程的差异主要是由于两个城市的政策和经济相互作用方式不同。

关键词: 城市化北京深圳    
Abstract:

Cases study on urbanization has been done lots in the western countries, whereas such works are rare in China. In order to reach a well-understanding of urbanization, the authors choose two typical cities, Beijing and Shenzhen, to compare their urbanization process. Firstly, the authors analyse   the urbanization processes of Beijing and Shenzhen. Then a comparison is given. From the comparison the authors find out that the differences of these two cities lie in six aspects: the increase patterns of urbanization level, the relation between the UL and GDP per capita, the population structure, the industry transformation, the land-use patterns and the environment problems. Finally, the reason why the urbanization processes of these two cities have so many differences is explored. The authors believe that different reaction patterns of the policy and economics in Beijing and Shenzhen during the reforming and open period are the main reason. 

Key words:  Urbanization    Beijing    Shenzhen.
收稿日期: 2001-12-07 出版日期: 2002-04-01
:  X144     
基金资助:

教育部跨世纪人才培养基金项目(1998);国家自然科学基金重大项目“中国东部陆地农业生态系统与全球变化相互作用机理研究”(编号:39899374)资助.

通讯作者: 徐小黎(1977-),女,江苏武进人,在读博士生,主要从事城市化与环境安全研究.E-mail:nonono@irs.bnu.edu.cn     E-mail: nonono@irs.bnu.edu.cn
作者简介: 徐小黎(1977-),女,江苏武进人,在读博士生,主要从事城市化与环境安全研究.E-mail:nonono@irs.bnu.edu.cn
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
史培军
何春阳
徐小黎

引用本文:

徐小黎,史培军,何春阳. 北京和深圳城市化比较研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2002, 17(2): 221-228.

XU Xiao-li,SHI Pei-jun,HE Chun-yang. THE URBANIZATION PROCESS COMPARISON OF BEIJING AND SHENZHEN. Advances in Earth Science, 2002, 17(2): 221-228.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2002.02.0221        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2002/V17/I2/221

[1] Zhou Yixing,Cao Kaizhong .The urbanization process of China since 1978[J]. City Planning Review,1999,23(12):8-12.[周一星,曹开忠.改革开放20年来的中国城市化进程[J].城市规划,1999,23(12):8-12.]
[2] Chen Shurong. The status, issues and perspective of the urbanization in China[J] .City Issues,2000,(1):3-5. [陈书荣.我国城市化现状、问题和发展前景[J] .城市问题,2000,(1):3-5.]
[3] Lin Zhiqun. Some acquaintances with urbanization processes[J]. City Planning Review,1984,(5):29-36.[林志群.对城镇化历史进程的几点认识[J].城市规划,1984,(5):29-36.]
[4] Zhou Yixing. Staggered stratagem on city developing [J]. Acta Geographica Sinica,1984,39(4):359-369.[周一星.城市发展战略要有阶段性的观点[J].地理学报,1984,39(4):359-369.]
[5] Hu Xuwei. Analysis on urbanization level of China [J]. City Planning Review,1983,(2):23-26. [胡序威 .对中国城镇化水平的剖析[J].城市规划,1983,(2):23-26.]
[6] Zhang Wenhe,Li Ming. Study on the definition of urbanization [J]. City Developing Research,2000,(5):32-33.[张文和,李明.城市化定义研究[J].城市发展研究,2000,(5):32-33.]
[7] Fan Chunyong. The course and countermeasure of urbanization in China[J].City and Country Construction, 1997,(9):11-18.[范春永.我国城市化进程和对策[J].城乡建设,1997,(9):11-18.]
[8] Shen Chi. Discussion on the calculating way of urbanization level [J].City Planning Review,1997,(1):22-23.[沈迟.关于城市化水平计算方法的探讨[J].城市规划,1997,(1):22-23.]
[9] Zhou Yixing. Define the conception of city and city population in China[J].City Planning Review,1996,(3):10-15.[周一星.关于明确中国城镇概念和城镇人口统计口径的概念[J].城市规划,1996,(3):10-15.]
[10] Zhou Yixing. Discussion on regularity of statistical relationship between urbanization and economic development [J]. Population and Economic,1982,(1):28-33. [周一星.城市化与国民生产总值关系的规律性探讨[J].人口与经济,1982,(1):28-33.]
[11] Liang Jinshe. A theoretical analysis of statistical relationship between urbanization and economic development[J].Journal of Natural Resources,1999,14(4):351-354[梁进社.城市化与国民经济发展之关系的理论分析[J].自然资源学报,1999,14(4):351-354.]
[12] Yan Guofen. Analysis of dynamic mechanism of urbanization in China [J]. City Planning Review,1988,(1):39-41.[严国芬.对我国城市化动力机制的分析[J].城市规划,1988,(1):39-41.]
[13] Gu Chaolin,Xu Haixian. Development of urban geography in China since 1978[J].Scientia Geographica Sinica,1999,(8):320-331.[顾朝林,徐海贤.改革开放二十年来中国城市地理研究进展[J].地理科学,1999,(8):320-331.]
[14] Fei Xiaotong. Small Town, Big Problem[M].Nanjing: People Press of Jiangsu,1986.[费孝通.小城镇、大问题[M].南京:江苏人民出版社,1986.]
[15] Ren Yuan. The urbanization stratagem giving priority to big city[J].Urban Research,2000,(5):9.[任远.以大都市为主导的城市化战略思考[J].现代城市研究,2000,(5):9.]
[16] Niu Fengrui. Some acquaintances with how to develop small town[J].Economic Forum,2000,(17):21-23.[牛凤瑞.对发展小城镇的几点认识[J].经济论坛,2000,(17):21-23.]
[17] Gu Chaolin. Review of the urbanization and city developing policy of China in new era[J].City Developing Research,1999,(5):6-13.[顾朝林.新时期中国城市化与城市发展政策的思考[J].城市发展研究,1999,(5):6-13.]
[18] World Resources[M].New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press,1996.
[19] He Chunyang, Shi Peijun, Chen Jin, et al. Study on the land use/cover change in Beijing area[J]. Geography Research,2001,(6):679-687.[何春阳,史培军,陈晋,等.北京地区土地利用/覆盖变化研究[J].地理研究,2001,(6) :679-687. ]
[20] Gu Chaolin. Study on phenomena and mechanism of land use/cover change in Beijing[J]. Journal of Natural Resources,1999,14(4):307-312.[顾朝林.北京土地利用/覆盖机制研究[J].自然资源学报,1999,14(4):307-312.]
[21] Zhou Jingbo. Study on causes and countermeasure of Beijing environmental problems[J].Beijing City Planning & Construction Review,1999(1):23-26.[周景博.北京市环境质量问题成因与对策研究[J].北京规划建设,1999(1):23-26.]
[22] Li Jixun,Shi Peijun. The Theory and Practice of the Management on Area Environment[M]. Beijing: Science and Technology Press of China,1997.[李积勋,史培军.区域环境管理的理论与实践[M].北京:中国科学技术出版社,1997.]
[23] Environmental  Protection Bureau of Shenzhen. The Environmental Quality Report of Shenzhen, Guangdong(1996—2000)[M].2001.[广东省深圳市环境质量报告书(1996~2000年度)[M].深圳市环境保护局(未公开出版),2001.]
[24] Lu Yuyin. The Economic Analysis on Urban Developing[M].Shanghai: Shanghai Sanlian Press,1999.[吕玉印. 城市发展的经济学分析[M].上海:上海三联书店,1999.]
[25] Zhang Jingsheng. Foreign Capital and Industry Structure of Shenzhen[M].Beijing:Center Literature Press,2000.[张京生.深圳外资与产业结构[M].北京:中央文献出版社,2000.]
[26] Zhou Ding. Review of the city planning and constructing of Shenzhen [J]. City Planning Review;1986,(6):3-8[周鼎.深圳城市规划和建设的回顾[J].城市规划,1986,(6):3-8.]
[27] Zhao Yanqing. The city expanding patterns in the condition of high-speed developing[J].Foreign City Planning,2001(1):27-33. [赵燕箐.高速发展条件下的城市增长模式[J].国外城市规划,2001(1):27-33.]

[1] 任国玉, 任玉玉, 李庆祥, 徐文慧. 全球陆地表面气温变化研究现状、问题和展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(8): 934-946.
[2] 王效科, 欧阳志云, 任玉芬, 张红星. 中美城市生态系统长期监测的内容和方法[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(5): 617-623.
[3] 胡宁,张朝林,仲跻芹,李玉焕. 大气对流层平流层交换(STE)研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2011, 26(4): 375-385.
[4] 樊杰,李平星. 基于城市化的中国能源消费前景分析及对碳排放的相关思考[J]. 地球科学进展, 2011, 26(1): 57-65.
[5] 符娟林,乔标. 基于模糊物元的城市化生态预警模型及应用[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(9): 990-995.
[6] 彭旭阳,张枝焕,何奉朋,高丹丹,卢松. 北京地区典型土壤剖面分子标志物分布特征[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(6): 580-589.
[7] 孙杰,贾建业,詹文欢,易顺民. 深圳断裂带构造活动性分析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2007, 22(3): 234-240.
[8] 姚士谋,管驰明,王书国,陈爽. 我国城市化发展的新特点及其区域空间建设策略[J]. 地球科学进展, 2007, 22(3): 271-280.
[9] 刘桂禄. 深圳市扩库填海问题研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2006, 21(6): 658-660.
[10] AbhineetyGoel,Dr.R.B.Singh. 以减少碳损失为目标的印度大城市可持续林业:以德里地区为例[J]. 地球科学进展, 2006, 21(2): 144-150.
[11] 史培军,杜鹃,冀萌新,刘婧,王静爱. 中国城市主要自然灾害风险评价研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2006, 21(2): 170-177.
[12] 章雨旭;吕洪波;张绮玲;乔秀夫. 微晶丘成因新认识[J]. 地球科学进展, 2005, 20(6): 693-700.
[13] 刘强;王跃思;王明星. 北京地区大气主要温室气体的季节变化[J]. 地球科学进展, 2004, 19(5): 817-823.
[14] 陈颙;彭文涛;徐文立. 21世纪地震灾害的一些新特点[J]. 地球科学进展, 2004, 19(3): 359-363.
[15] 刘桂禄. 兰州市城镇体系发展战略规划构想[J]. 地球科学进展, 2004, 19(2): 321-324.