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地球科学进展  2005, Vol. 20 Issue (6): 693-700    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2005.06.0693
新学科·新技术·新发现     
微晶丘成因新认识
章雨旭1,2,吕洪波3,张绮玲4,乔秀夫1
1.中国地质科学院地质研究所,北京 100037;
2.南京大学成矿作用国家重点实验室, 江苏 南京 210093;
3. 石油大学(华东)地球资源与信息学院,山东 东营 257062;
4. 中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所,北京 100037
A NEW CONSIDERATION ON THE GENESIS OF MUD MOUND
ZHANG Yuxu1,2;LU Hongbo3;ZHANG Qiling4;QIAO Xiufu1
1. Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037,China;
2. State Key Laboratory of Mineral Deposit Research,Nanjing University,Nanjing 210093,China;
3. Institute of Earth Resources and Information, University of Petroleum, Dongying 257061,China;
4. Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037,China
 全文: PDF(386 KB)  
摘要:

微晶丘主要由灰泥组成,仅见少量生物碎屑,其成因尚无圆满解释。借鉴现代海底勘查成果,依据北京西山微晶丘、白云鄂博赋矿微晶丘、腮林忽洞微晶丘的特征,认为微晶丘是海底热水(伴CO2)的化学作用产物:现代海底勘查发现的微晶丘是形成于洋中脊、热点或弧后盆地;北京西山等地的纯灰岩微晶丘是形成于大陆内部;而白云鄂博赋矿白云岩是一个大型微晶丘,形成于被动大陆边缘。微晶丘中的生物作用仅是深海热水活动的伴生作用,并不是微晶丘形成的主导作用。

关键词: 微晶丘 热水沉积 白云鄂博矿床北京西山    
Abstract:

The genesis of mud mound (also called as micrite mound), which is mainly composed of lime mud, only a few bioclast, has still not been resolved. In explorations on the sea bottom, it is found that a lot of mordern mud mounds are being formed in mid-ocean ridges, hot-spots or back-arc basins by hydrothermal with CO2 and bio-activeity. Based on the characteristics of the mud mounds in Bayan Obo (i.e.  the ore-hosted dolostone), Heilaobao (southeastern 25 km to Bayan Obo) and the Western Hills, Beijing, and considering the discovery of mordern explorations on the sea bottom, writers consider that the mud mounds are formed by hydrothermal (with CO2), too, while the bio-process is only a companied process; the mud mound in Bayan Obo is formed in passive continental margin, the mud mounds in the Western Hills, Beijing, are formed within continental. This consideration is helpful to study the geneis of the famous Bayan Obo Fe-Nb-REE deposit and the flux limestone and chemical limestone in the Western Hills, Beijing, and its neighbuorhood. Further study is needed.

Key words: Mud mound    Bayan Obo    Hydrothermal sediment.
收稿日期: 2004-04-26 出版日期: 2005-06-25
:  P611  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“微晶丘成因研究——以白云鄂博和北京西山为例”(编号:40272049)资助.

通讯作者: 章雨旭   
作者简介: 章雨旭(1960-),男,江苏淮安人,研究员,主要从事矿床学和沉积学研究. E-mail:geoview@public.bta.net.cn
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章雨旭;吕洪波;张绮玲;乔秀夫. 微晶丘成因新认识[J]. 地球科学进展, 2005, 20(6): 693-700.

ZHANG Yuxu;LU Hongbo;ZHANG Qiling;QIAO Xiufu. A NEW CONSIDERATION ON THE GENESIS OF MUD MOUND. Advances in Earth Science, 2005, 20(6): 693-700.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2005.06.0693        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2005/V20/I6/693

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