Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2014, Vol. 29 Issue (4): 492-506    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.04.0492
综述与评述     
页岩气储层主要特征及其对储层改造的影响
琚宜文, 卜红玲, 王国昌
中国科学院计算地球动力学重点实验室, 中国科学院大学 地球科学学院, 北京 100049
Main Characteristics of Shale Gas Reservoir and Its Effect on the Reservoir Reconstruction
Ju Yiwen,Bu Hongling,Wang Guochang
(1. Key Laboratory of Computational Geodynamics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
2. College of Earth, University of Chinese Academic of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
 全文: PDF(3676 KB)   HTML
摘要:

页岩气储层是页岩气以吸附和游离状态为主、少量溶解态赋存于页岩中的非常规天然气储层, 非均质性强, 并且具有低孔隙度超低渗透率的物性特征, 页岩气井完井后需要经过储层改造才能获得理想的产能。水力压裂技术是非常规储层中主要的储层改造方法, 以此提高页岩气的可采性。在前期研究的基础上, 从页岩空间分布、储层非均质性、岩石组成、地质环境、岩石物性特征等方面分析和总结了页岩气储层的主要地质特征, 并探讨了这些特征对储层后期改造的影响。页岩气储层有纵向、横向非均质性之分, 这些非均质性归因于页岩组成和结构特性。不同沉积环境和构造背景控制着储层的结构和构造, 并进一步制约着岩石力学性质、储层敏感性以及天然孔裂隙的发育。岩石组成与结构、天然孔裂隙发育状况和地应力作用是影响储层改造的重要因素。由此, 认识储层地质特征及其对后期改造的影响, 不仅对丰富页岩气地质勘探理论具有重要的科学意义, 而且对提高页岩气产能和开采效率也具有重要的应用价值。

关键词: 页岩气天然裂隙储层改造岩石物性岩石组成    
Abstract:

Shale gas is an unconventional gas which has adsorbent and free state with a small amount of dissolving. Its reservoir heterogeneity is strong and has physical characteristics of low porosity, ultra-low permeability. Shale gas reservoir need to make reconstruction after gas well completion to get a good yield. Hydraulic fracturing technology which is commonly used in unconventional reservoir to improve shale gas exploitation. Based on the previous studies, characteristics of shale gas reservoirs are discussed and summarized in detail from the rock distribution, reservoir heterogeneity, composition, geological environment, petro physical characteristics and the impact of these characteristics on reservoir reconstruction. Reservoir heterogeneity is very strong no matter in vertical or horizontal direction, mainly on the structure and construction of shale gas reservoirs, which owes to organic matter and mineral composition of shales. The structure and composition of shale gas reservoirs are controlled by different tectonic background effect, and thereby constrain mechanical properties, reservoir sensitivity of rocks and development of natural fractures. Rock composition, and structure, natural fractures and ground stress play a key role in the shale-gas reservoir transformation. Therefore, this study not only has important scientific significance to broaden theories for shale gas reservoir stimulation, but also has important practical value and production efficiency to improve the production of shale gas.

Key words: Physical properties    Natural fracture    Petrographic composition    Shale gas    Reservoir reconstruction
收稿日期: 2013-12-24 出版日期: 2014-04-10
:  P618.13  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“页岩流变的纳米效应及其赋气机理研究”(编号:41372213); 中国科学院战略性先导科技专项课题“煤炭开发中的碳排放”(编号:XDA05030100)资助.

作者简介: 琚宜文(1963-), 男, 安徽桐城人, 教授, 主要从事能源盆地及非常规天然气研究
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
琚宜文
王国昌
卜红玲

引用本文:

琚宜文, 卜红玲, 王国昌. 页岩气储层主要特征及其对储层改造的影响[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(4): 492-506.

Ju Yiwen, Bu Hongling, Wang Guochang. Main Characteristics of Shale Gas Reservoir and Its Effect on the Reservoir Reconstruction. Advances in Earth Science, 2014, 29(4): 492-506.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.04.0492        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2014/V29/I4/492

[1] Curtis J B. Fractured shale-gas systems[J]. AAPG Bulletin, 2002, 86(11):1 921-1 938.
[2] Zhang Tongwei, Geoffrey S E, Stephen C R, et al. Effect of organic-matter type and thermal maturity on methane adsorption in shale-gas systems[J]. Organic Geochemistry, 2012, 47:120-131.
[3] Liu Lifang, Xu Bo, Zhang Jinchuan, et al. Marine shale and its accumulation significance in China[C]∥China Association 2005 Annual Conference Proceedings: The Scientific Concept of Development to Promote Technological Innovation (a). Beijing: Science and Technology Press, 2005:457-463. [刘丽芳, 徐波, 张金川, 等. 中国海相页岩及其成藏意义[C]∥中国科协2005学术年会论文集:以科学发展观促进科技创新(上). 北京:科学技术出版社, 2005:457-463. ]
[4] Zhang Jinchuan, Xu Bo, Nie Haikuan, et al. Exploration potential of shale gas resources in China[J]. Natural Gas Industry, 2009, 28(6): 136-140. [张金川, 徐波, 聂海宽, 等. 中国页岩气资源量勘探潜力[J]. 天然气工业, 2008, 28(6):136-140. ]
[5] Li Yuxi, Nie Haikuan, Long Pengyu. Development characteristics of organic-rich shale and strategic selection of shale gas exploration area in China[J]. Natural Gas Industry, 2009, 29(12):115-118. [李玉喜, 聂海宽, 龙鹏宇. 我国富含有机质泥页岩发育特点与页岩气战略选区[J]. 天然气工业, 2009, 29(12):115-118. ]
[6] Li Jianzhong, Dong Dazhong, Chen Gengsheng, et al. Prospects and strategic position of shale gas resources in China[J]. Natural Gas Industry, 2009, 29(5):11-16. [李建忠, 董大忠, 陈更生, 等. 中国页岩气资源前景与战略地位[J]. 天然气工业, 2009, 29(5):11-16. ]
[7] Zhang Dawei. Main solution ways to speed up shale gas exploration and development in China[J]. Natural Gas Industry, 2011, 31(5):1-5. [张大伟. 加快中国页岩气勘探开发和利用的主要路径[J]. 天然气工业, 2011, 31(5):1-5. ]
[8] Ma Ruolong. The Geological Characteristics of the Argillite Formation and Potentiality for the Exploration of the Shale Gas in Central Hunan, Southeastern Hunan and Northeastern Hunan[D]. Chengdu:Chengdu University of Technology, 2013. [马若龙. 湘中、湘东南及湘东北地区泥页岩层系地质特征与页岩气勘探潜力[D]. 成都:成都理工大学, 2013. ]
[9] Dong Dazhong, Cheng Keming, Wang Shiqian, et al. An evaluation methods of shale gas resource and its application in the Sichuan Basin[J]. Natural Gas Industry, 2009, 29(5):33-39. [董大忠, 程克明, 王世谦, 等. 页岩气资源评价方法及其在四川盆地的应用[J]. 天然气工业, 2009, 29(5):33-39. ]
[10] Dong Dazhong, Zou Caineng, Li Jianzhong, et al. Resource potential, exploration and development prospect of shale gas in the whole world[J]. Geological Bulletin of China, 2011, 30(2/3): 324-336. [董大忠, 邹才能, 李建忠, 等. 页岩气资源潜力与勘探开发前景[J]. 地质通报, 2011, 30(2/3):324-336. ]
[11] Zhu Hua, Jiang Wenli, Bian Ruikang, et al. Shale gas assessment, methodology and its application: A case study of the western Sichuan depression[J]. Natural Gas Industry, 2009, 29(12) : 130-134. [朱华, 姜文利, 边瑞康, 等. 页岩气资源评价方法体系及其应用以川西坳陷为例[J]. 天然气工业, 2009, 29(12) : 130-134. ]
[12] Wang Fengqin, Wang Xiangzeng, Zhang Lixia, et al. The shale gas resources estimation: An example from Mesozoic Triassic Yangcheng Formation Member Chang 7. Ordos Basin[J]. Earth Science Frontiers, 2013, 20(3):240-246. [王凤琴, 王香增, 张丽霞, 等. 页岩气资源量计算:以鄂尔多斯盆地中生界三叠系延长组长7为例[J]. 地学前缘, 2013, 20(3):240-246. ]
[13] Liu Honglin, Wang Hongyan, Liu Renhe, et al. China shale gas resources and prospect potential[J]. Geology, 2010, 84(9):1 374-1 378. [刘洪林, 王红岩, 刘人和, 等. 中国页岩气资源及其勘探潜力分析[J]. 地质学报, 2010, 84(9):1 374-1 378. ]
[14] Han Shuangbiao, Zhang Jinchuan, Xing Yawen, et al. Shale gas accumulation conditions and resource potential of the Lower Silurian Longmaxi Formation in southeast Chongqing[J]. Journal of China Coal Society, 2013, 38(Suppl. 1):168-173. [韩双彪, 张金川, 邢雅文, 等. 渝东南下志留统龙马溪组页岩气聚集条件与资源潜力[J]. 煤炭学报, 2013, 38(增刊1):168-173. ]
[15] Ma Shaoyan, Xu Meng, Gan Lili, et al. Evaluation on the exploration prospect and geochemical characteristics of shale gas in the centre of Hunan[J]. Petroleum Geophysics, 2013, 11(2):56-59. [马少妍, 徐猛, 甘丽丽, 等. 湘中地区页岩气勘探潜力与地化特征评价[J]. 油气地球物理, 2013, 11(2):56-59. ]
[16] Wu Hao, Yao Suping, Jiao Kun, et al. Shale-gas exploration prospect of Longtan Formation in the Lower Yangtze area of China[J]. Journal of China Coal Society, 2013, 38(5):871-876. [吴浩, 姚素平, 焦堃, 等. 下扬子区上二叠统龙潭组页岩气勘探前景[J]. 煤炭学报, 2013, 38(5):871-876. ]
[17] Nie Yongsheng, Leng Jigao, Han Jianhui, et al. Exploration potential of shale gas in Cen Gong block, southeastern Guizhou Province[J]. Oil & Gasgeology, 2013, 34(2):274-280. [聂永生, 冷济高, 韩建辉, 等. 黔东南地区岑巩页岩气区块勘探潜力[J]. 石油与天然气地质, 2013, 34(2):274-280. ]
[18] Yue Laiqun, Kang Yongshang, Chen Qingli, et al. Analysis of shale gas potential of Niutitang Formation of Lower Cambrian in Guizhou, China[J]. Xinjiang Petroleum Geology, 2013, 34(2):123-128. [岳来群, 康永尚, 陈清礼, 等. 贵州地区下寒武统牛蹄塘组页岩气潜力分析[J]. 新疆石油地质, 2013, 34(2):123-128. ]
[19] Gao Gang, Liu Xianyang, Wang Yinhui, et al. Characteristics and resources potential of the oil shale of Chang 7 layer in Longdong area, Ordos Basin[J]. Earth Science Frontiers, 2013, 20(2):140-146. [高岗, 刘显阳, 王银会, 等. 鄂尔多斯盆地陇东地区长7段页岩油特征与资源潜力[J]. 地学前缘, 2013, 20(2):140-146. ]
[20] Zhang Jinchuan, Nie Haikuan, Xu Bo, et al. The Sichuan Basin shale gas accumulation and geological conditions[J]. Natural Gas Industry, 2008, 28(2): 151-156. [张金川, 聂海宽, 徐波, 等. 四川盆地页岩气成藏地质条件[J]. 天然气工业, 2008, 28(2): 151-156. ]
[21] Zhang Jinchuan, Wang Zongyu, Nie Haikuan, et al . Shale gas and its significance for exploration[J]. Geoscience, 2008, 22(4):640-646. [张金川, 汪宗余, 聂海宽, 等. 页岩气及其勘探研究意义[J]. 现代地质, 2008, 22(4):640-646. ]
[22] Zhao Pengda, Li Guifan, Zhang Jinchuan. Shale gas favorable blocks delineation and quantitative evaluation based on the geological anomaly theory: A case study of the lower Silurian Longmaxi Formation, the southeastern area of Chongqing[J]. Natural Gas Industry, 2012, 6:1-8. [赵鹏大, 李桂范, 张金川. 基于地质异常理论的页岩气有利区块圈定与定量评价——以渝东南地区下志留统龙马溪组为例[J]. 天然气工业, 2012, 6:1-8. ]
[23] Nie Haikuan, Tang Xuan, Bian Ruikang. Controlling factors for shale gas accumulation and prediction of potential development area in shale gas reservoir of south China[J]. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 2009, 30(4): 484-491. [聂海宽, 唐玄, 边瑞康. 岩气成藏控制因素及中国南方页岩气发育有利区预测[J]. 石油学报, 2009, 30(4): 484-491. ]
[24] Nie Haikuan, Zhang Jinchuan. Shale gas reservoir distribution geological law, characteristics and suggestions[J]. Journal of Central South University (Science and Technology), 2010, 41(2):700-708. [聂海宽, 张金川. 页岩气藏分布规律与特征[J]. 中南大学学报:自然科学版, 2010, 41(2):700-708. ]
[25] Nie Haikuan, Zhang Jinchuan, Li Yuxi. Accumulation conditions of the Lower Cambrian shale gas in the Sichuan Basin and its periphery[J]. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 2011, 32(6):959-967. [聂海宽, 张金川, 李玉喜. 四川盆地及其周缘下寒武统页岩气聚集条件[J]. 石油学报, 2011, 32(6):959-967. ]
[26] Zhang Linye, Li Zheng, Zhu Rifang. Possibility of shale gas resources in the Paleocene in Jiyang Depression[J]. Natural Gas Industry, 2008, 28(12): 26-29. [张林晔, 李政, 朱日房. 济阳坳陷古近系存在页岩气资源的可能性[J]. 天然气工业, 2008, 28(12):26-29. ]
[27] Huang Jizhong. Exploration prospect of shale gas and coal-bed methane in Sichuan Basin[J]. Lithologic Reservoirs, 2009, 21(2):116-120. [黄籍中. 四川盆地页岩气与煤层气勘探前景分析[J]. 岩性油气藏, 2009, 21(2):116-120. ]
[28] Wang Shejiao, Li Denghua, Li Jianzhong, et al. Exploration potential shale gas in the Ordos Basin[J]. Natural Gas Industry, 2011, 31(2):40-46. [王社教, 李登华, 李建忠, 等. 鄂尔多斯盆地页岩气勘探潜力分析[J]. 天然气工业, 2011, 31(2):40-46. ]
[29] Wang Wei, Liu Ruobing, Ni Kai. Analysis of the exploration potential of shale gas in Jurassic Qianfoya Formation in Northeast Sichuan Basin[J]. Journal of Xi’an Petroleum University(Natural Science Edition), 2012, 27(6):36-41. [王炜, 刘若冰, 倪凯. 川东侏罗系千佛崖组页岩气勘探潜力分析[J]. 西安石油大学学报:自然科学版, 2012, 27(6):36-41. ]
[30] Liu Li, Zhou Wei, Chen Lihua. Hunan, Hubei, West Silurian shale reservoir characteristics analysis[J]. Jianghan Petroleum Technology, 2013, 23(1):1-7. [刘莉, 周巍, 陈丽华. 湘鄂西区志留系页岩成藏特征分析[J]. 江汉石油科技, 2013, 23(1):1-7. ]
[31] Zhang Ya, Liu Xiaoping, Dong Qingyuan, et al. Northern Upper Permian Longtan Formation shale gas formation conditions and prediction of favorable areas[J]. Journal of Oil and Gas Technology, 2013, 35(3):36-40. [章亚, 刘小平, 董清源, 等. 苏北地区上二叠统龙潭组页岩气形成条件及有利区预测[J]. 石油天然气学报, 2013, 35(3):36-40. ]
[32] Fang Lizhi, Ju Yiwen, Wang Guochang, et al. Composition and gas-filled pore characteristics of Permian organic shale in southwast Fujian depression, Cathaysia landmass[J]. Earth Science Frontiers, 2013, 20(4):1-11. [房立志, 琚宜文, 王国昌, 等. 华夏陆块闽西南坳陷二叠系含有机质页岩组成及赋气孔隙特征[J]. 地学前缘, 2013, 20(4):1-11. ]
[33] Chen Jianyu, Tang Daqing, Yang Chupeng. Advances in the research and exploration of unconvetional petroleum systems[J]. Geologic Science and Technology Information, 2003, 22(4):55-59. [陈建渝, 唐大卿, 杨楚鹏. 非常规含气系统的研究和勘探进展[J]. 地质科技情报, 2003, 22(4):55-59. ]
[34] Li Xinjing, Hu Suyun, Cheng Keming. Suggestions from the development of fractured shale gas in North American[J]. Petroleum Exploration and Development, 2007, 34(4): 392-400. [李新景, 胡素云, 程克明. 北美裂隙性页岩气勘探开发的启示[J]. 石油勘探与开发, 2007, 34(4):392-400. ]
[35] Zhang Kang, Tan Yundong. The status of world gas resources potential and production as well as development prosepect of China’s shale gas[J]. Petroleum & Petrochemical Today, 2009, 17(3):9-12. [张抗, 谭云冬. 世界页岩气资源潜力和开采现状及中国页岩气发展前景[J]. 当代石油石化, 2009, 17(3):9-12. ]
[36] Huang Yuzhen, Huang Jinliang, Ge Chunmei, et al. A key factor promoting rapid development of shale gas in America:Techniacal progress[J]. Natural Gas Industry, 2009, 29(5):7-10. [黄玉珍, 黄金亮, 葛春梅, 等. 技术进步是推动美国页岩气快速发展的关键[J]. 天然气工业, 2009, 29(5):7-10. ]
[37] Hu Wenrui. Greet spring shale gas development[J]. Chinese Petroleum and Petrochemical, 2009, (11): 15. [胡文瑞. 迎接页岩气发展的春天[J]. 中国石油石化, 2009, (11):15. ]
[38] Yan Cunzhang, Huang Yuzhen, Ge Chunmei, et al. Shale gas enormous potential of unconventional natural gas resource[J]. Natural Gas Industry, 2009, 29(5):1-6. [闫存章, 黄玉珍, 葛春梅, 等. 页岩气是潜力巨大的非常规天然气资源[J]. 天然气工业, 2009, 29(5):1-6. ]
[39] Sun Haicheng, Tang Dazhen. Shale gas formation fracture stimulation in the south Sichuan Basin[J]. Journal of Jilin University(Earth Science Edition), 2011, 41(Suppl. 1):35-39, 68. [孙海成, 汤达祯. 四川盆地南部构造页岩气储层压裂改造技术[J]. 吉林大学学报:地球科学版, 2011, 41(增刊1):35-39, 68. ]
[40] Zou Caineng, Dong Dazhong, Yang Hua, et al. China shale gas formation conditions and exploration practice[J]. Natural Gas Industry, 2011, 31(12): 26-39. [邹才能, 董大忠, 杨桦, 等. 中国页岩气形成条件及勘探实践[J]. 天然气工业, 2011, 31(12):26-39. ]
[41] Wang Shiqian, Chen Gengsheng, Dong Dazhong, et al. Accumulation conditions and exploitation prospect of shale gas in the lower Paleozoic Sichuan Basin[J]. Natural Gas Industry, 2009, 29(5):51-58. [王世谦, 陈更生, 董大忠, 等. 四川盆地下古生界页岩气藏形成条件与勘探前景[J]. 天然气工业, 2009, 29(5):51-58. ]
[42] Bustin R M, Cui X, Ross D J K, et al. Impact of shale properties on pore structure and storage characteristics[C]∥SPE Shale Gas Production Conference. Texas, U. S. A: Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2008.
[43] Zou Caineng, Dong Dazhong, Wang Shejiao, et al. Geological characteristics, formation mechanism and resource potential of shale gas in Chia[J]. Petroleum Exploration and Development, 2010, 37(6):641-653. [邹才能, 董大忠, 王社教, 等. 中国页岩气形成机理、地质特征及资源潜力[J]. 石油勘探与开发, 2010, 37(6): 641-653. ]
[44] Jiang Wenbin, Chen Yongjin, Li Min. Theresearchof accumulationcharacteristicsof shalegas[J]. Complex Hydrocarbon Reservoirs, 2011, 4(3):1-5. [姜文斌, 陈永进, 李敏. 页岩气成藏特征研究[J]. 复杂油气藏, 2011, 4(3):1-5. ]
[45] Guo Ling, Jiang Zaixing, Jiang Wenli. Formation condition of gas-bearing shale reservoir and its geological research target[J]. Geological Bulletin of China, 2011, 30(2/3):385-392. [郭岭, 姜在兴, 姜文利. 页岩气储层的形成条件与储层的地质研究内容[J]. 地质通报, 2011, 30(2/3):385-392. ]
[46] Slatt R M, Rodriguez N D. Comparative sequence stratigraphy and organic geochemistry of gas shales: Commonality or coincidence?[J]. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 2012, 8:68-84.
[47] Qin Jianzhong, Fu Xiaodong, Shen Baojian, et al. Characteristics of ultramicroscopic organic lithology of excellent marine shale in the upper Permian sequence, Sichuan Basin[J]. Petroleum Geology & Experiment, 2010, 32(2):164-170. [秦建中, 付小东, 申宝剑, 等. 四川盆地上二叠统海相优质页岩超显微有机岩石学特征研究[J]. 石油实验地质, 2010, 32(2):164-170. ]
[48] Yu Bingsong. Particularity of shale gas reservoir and its evaluation[J]. Earth Science Frontiers, 2012, 19(3):252-258. [于炳松. 页岩气储层的特殊性及其评价思路和内容[J]. 地学前缘, 2012, 19(3):252-258. ]
[49] Yu Xinghe. Clastic Rock System of Oil and Gas Reservoir Sedimentology[M]. Beijing: Petroleum Industry Press , 2002. [于兴河. 碎屑岩系油气储层沉积学[M]. 北京:石油工业出版社, 2002. ]
[50] Zou Caineng, Tao Shizhen, Hou Lianhua, et al. Unconventional Oil and Gas Geology[M]. Beijing: Geological Publishing House, 2011. [邹才能, 陶士振, 侯连华, 等. 非常规油气地质[M]. 北京:地质出版社, 2011. ]
[51] Pu Boling. Analysis of the Reservoir-Forming Conditions of Shale Gas Potential in Sichuan Basin[D]. Qingdao: Chinese University of Petroleum (East China), 2008. [蒲泊伶. 四川盆地页岩气成藏条件分析[D]. 青岛:中国石油大学(华东), 2008. ]
[52] Jarvie D M, Hill R J, Rube T E, et al. Unconventional shale-gas systems: The Mississippian Barnett shale of north-central Texas as one model for thermogenic shale-gas assessment[J]. AAPG Bulletin, 2007, 91(4):475-499.
[53] Zhao H, Given N B, Curtis B. Thermal maturity of the Barnett Shale determined from well-log analysis[J]. AAPG Bulletin, 2007, 91(4):535-549.
[54] Meng Qingfeng, Hou Guiting. Geological controls on shale gas play and potential of shale gas in upper Yangtze region, China[J]. Petroleum Geology and Recovery Efficiency, 2012, 19(1):11-14. [孟庆峰, 侯贵廷. 页岩气成藏地质条件及中国上扬子区页岩气潜力[J]. 油气采收地质与采收率, 2012, 19(1):11-14. ]
[55] Ding Wenlong, Li Chao, Li Chunyan, et al. Fracture development in shale and its relationship to gas accumulation[J]. Geoscience Frontiers, 2012, 3(1):97-105.
[56] Zhang Dawei, Li Yuxi, Zhang Jinchuan, et al. The Shale Gas Resource Potential Assessment Survey[M]. Beijing: Geological Publishing House, 2012. [张大伟, 李玉喜, 张金川, 等. 全国页岩气资源潜力调查评价[M]. 北京:地质出版社, 2012. ]
[57] Huang Jinliang, Zou Caineng, Li Jianzhong, et al. Shale gas accumulation conditions and favorable zones of Silurian Longmaxi Formation in south Sichuan Basin, China[J]. Journal of China Coal Society, 2012, 37(5):782-787. [黄金亮, 邹才能, 李建忠, 等. 川南志留系龙马溪组页岩气形成条件与有利区分析[J]. 煤炭学报, 2012, 37(5):782-787. ]
[58] Ju Yiwen, Wang Guochang, Bu Hongling, et al. China organic-rich shale geologic features and special shale-gas production issues[J]. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, 2014, in press.
[59] Miao Jianyu, Zhu Zongqi, Liu Wenrong, et al. Occurrence of organic matter and its effect on sealing ability of Argilaceous rock[J]. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica, 1999, 17(3):478-481. [苗建宇, 祝总祺, 刘文荣, 等. 泥质岩有机质的赋存状态及其对泥质岩封盖能力的影响[J]. 沉积学报, 1999, 17(3):478-481. ]
[60] Zhao Xingyuan, He Dongbo. Clay minerals and shale gas[J]. Xinjiang Petroleum Geology, 2012, 33(6):643-647. [赵杏媛, 何东博. 黏土矿物与页岩气[J]. 新疆石油地质, 2012, 33(6):643-647. ]
[61] Ross D J K, Bustin R M. Characterizing the shale gas resource potential of Devonian-Mississippian strata in the Western Canada sedimentary basin: Application of an integrated formation evaluation[J]. AAPG Bulletin, 2008, 92(1): 87-125.
[62] Wang Xingxin, Cai Jingong, Bao Yujin. Catalysis of clay mineral to organic matter in hydrocarbon genesis[J]. Marine Origin Petroleum Geology, 2006, 3:27-38. [王行信, 蔡进功, 包于进. 黏土矿物对有机质生烃的催化作用[J]. 海相油气地质, 2006, 3:27-38. ]
[63] Mayerhofer M J, Lolon E P, Warpinski N R. What is Stimulated Rock Volume[EB/OL]. [2014-01-26]. http:∥www. onepetro. org/mslib/app/search. do, SPE 119890, 2008.
[64] Bowker K A. Barnett shale gas production, Fort Worth Basin: Issues and discussion[J]. AAPG Bulletin, 2007, 91(4): 523-533.
[65] Duan Yonggang, Li Jianqiu. Transient pressure of infinite conductivity fractured wells for shale gas[J]. Natural Gas Industry, 2010, 30 (10):26-29. [段永刚, 李建秋. 页岩气无限导流压裂井压力动态分析[J]. 天然气工业, 2010, 30 (10):26-29. ]
[66] Cheng Yuanfang, Dong Bingxiang, Shi Xian, et al. Percolation mechanism of three-pore double-permeability in shale gas reservoir[J]. Natural Gas Industry, 2012, 32(9):44-47. [程远方, 董丙响, 时贤, 等. 页岩气藏三孔双渗模型的渗流机理[J]. 天然气工业, 2012, 32(9):44-47. ]
[67] Xu Yan. Tectonic fractures and its research methods in reservoir[J]. Petroleum Knowledge, 2003, (2): 12. [许艳. 储集层中的构造裂隙及其研究方法[J]. 石油知识, 2003, (2):12. ]
[68] Ding Wenlong, Xu Changchun, Jiu Kai, et al. The research progress of shale fractures[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2011, 26(2):135-144. [丁文龙, 许长春, 久凯, 等. 泥页岩裂隙研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2011, 26(2): 135-144. ]
[69] Long Pengyu, Zhang Jinchuan, Tang Xuan, et al. Feature of muddy shale fissure and its effect for shale gas exploration and development[J]. Natural Gas Geosience, 2011, 22(3):525-532. [龙鹏宇, 张金川, 唐玄, 等. 泥页岩裂隙发育特征及其对页岩气勘探和开发的影响[J]. 天然气地球科学, 2011, 22(3):525-532. ]
[70] Wang Bifeng. Description and Quantitative Predication of Reservoir Tectoclase[D]. Beijing:China University of Petroleum, 2007. [汪必峰. 储集层构造裂隙描述与定量预测[D]. 北京:中国石油大学, 2007. ]
[71] Tran N H, Rahman M K, Rahman S S. A nested neuro-fractal-stochastic technique for modeling naturally fractured reservoirs[C]∥SPE 7787, SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference. Melbourne, Australia, 2002.
[72] Zhang Jingong, Yuan Zhengwen. Formation and potential of fractured mudstone reservoirs[J]. Oil & Gas Geology, 2002, 23(4):336-338, 347. [张金功, 袁政文. 泥质岩裂隙油气藏的成藏条件及资源潜力[J]. 石油与天然气地质, 2002, 23(4):336-338, 347. ]
[73] Ning Fangxing. Mechanism of mudstone fracture reservoir forming in Xianhezhuang oil field in Dongying depression[J]. Xinjiang Oil & Gas, 2008, 4(1):20-25. [宁方兴. 东营凹陷现河庄地区泥岩裂隙油气藏形成机制[J]. 新疆石油天然气, 2008, 4(1):20-25. ]
[74] Ge Mingna, Zhang Jinchuan, Li Xiaoguang, et al. Gas-bearing property analysis on Upper Paleozoic shale in eastern uplift of Liaohe Basin[J]. Fault-Block Oil & Gas Field, 2012, 19(6):722-726. [葛明娜, 张金川, 李晓光, 等. 辽河东部凸起上古生界页岩含气性分析[J]. 断块油气田, 2012, 19(6):722-726. ]
[75] Cui Jingwei, Zou Caineng, Zhu Rukai, et al. New advances in shale porosity research[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2012, 27(12):1 319-1 325. [崔景伟, 邹才能, 朱如凯, 等. 页岩孔隙研究新进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(12): 1 319-1 325. ]
[76] Nie Haikuan, Zhang Jinchuan. Types and characteristics of shale gas reservoir: A case study of Lower Paleozoic in and around Sichuan Basin[J]. Petroleum Geology & Experiment, 2011, 33(3):219-232. [聂海宽, 张金川. 页岩气储层类型和特征研究——以四川盆地及其周缘下古生界为例[J]. 石油实验地质, 2011, 33(3):219-232. ]
[77] Wei Mingqiang, Duan Yonggang, Fang Quantang, et al. Current research situation of porosity & permeability characteristics and seepage mechanism of shale gas reservoir[J]. Reservoir Evaluation and Development, 2011, 4(1):73-77. [魏明强, 段永刚, 方全堂, 等. 页岩气藏孔渗结构特征和渗流机理研究现状[J]. 油气藏评价与开发, 2011, 4(1):73-77. ]
[78] Zou Caineng, Zhu Rukai, Bai Bin, et al. First discovery of nano-pore throat in oil and gas reservoir in China and its scientific value[J]. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 2011, 27(6):1 857-1 864. [邹才能, 朱如凯, 白斌, 等. 中国油气储层中纳米孔首次发现及其科学价值[J]. 岩石学报, 2011, 27(6):1 857-1 864. ]
[79] Etminan S R, Javadpour F, Maini B B, et al. Measurement of gas storage processes in shale and of the molecular diffusion coefficient in kerogen[J]. International Journal of Coal Geology, 2014, 123:10-19.
[80] Ju Yiwen, Jiang Bo, Wang Guiliang, et al. Tectonic Coals: Structures and Physical Properties of Reservoirs[M]. Xuzhou: China University of Mining and Technology Press, 2005. [琚宜文, 姜波, 王桂梁, 等. 构造煤结构及储层物性[M]. 徐州:中国矿业大学出版社, 2005. ]
[81] Li Zhiping, Li Zhifeng. Dynamic characteristics of shale gas flow in nanoscale pores[J]. Natural Gas Industry, 2012, 32(40): 50-53. [李治平, 李智锋. 页岩气纳米级孔隙渗流动态特征[J]. 天然气工业, 2012, 32(40):50-53. ]
[82] Javadpour F. Nanopores and apparent permeability of gas flow in mudrocks (shales and siltstone)[J]. Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology, 2009, 48(8):16-21.
[83] Ju Yiwen, Fan Junjia, Tan Jingqiang, et al. Basin-mountain evolution, lithosphere transformation and their relationship with coalbed methane accumulation in North China[J]. Coal Geology of China, 2009, 21(3):1-5, 27. [琚宜文, 范俊佳, 谭静强, 等. 华北盆—山演化和岩石圈转型与煤层气富集的关系[J]. 中国煤炭地质, 2009, 21(3):1-5, 27. ]
[84] Liu Chenglin, Ge Yan, Fan Baijiang, et al. Study on shale gas accumulation mode[J]. Petroleum Geology and Recovery Efficiency, 2010, 17(5):1-6. [刘成林, 葛岩, 范柏江, 等. 页岩气成藏模式研究[J]. 油气地质与采收率, 2010, 17(5): 1-6. ]
[85] Ju Yiwen, Yan Zhifeng, Li Chaofeng, et al. Commonness and differences of enrichment charaeteristies and mining technology of China’s coalbed methane and shale gas[C]∥Ye Jianping, Fu Xiaokang, Li Wuzhong, eds. Academic Conference on 2011 CBM. Beijing: Geological Publishing House, 2011:470-477. [琚宜文, 颜志丰, 李朝锋, 等. 我国煤层气与页岩气富集特征与开采技术的共性与差异性[[C]∥叶建平, 傅小康, 李五忠, 著. 2011年煤层气学术研讨会论文集. 北京:地质出版社, 2011:470-477. ]
[86] Tian H, Zhang S, Liu S, et al. Evolution of pores in organic-rich shales during thermal maturation[C]∥AAPGHedberg conference. Beijing, China:AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90134, 2011.
[87] Li Zhiming, Zhang Jinzhu. Ground Stresses and Oil & Gas Exploration and Development[M]. Beijing: Petroleum Industry Press, 1997. [李志明, 张金珠. 地应力与油气勘探开发[M]. 北京:石油工业出版社, 1997. ]
[88] Nobakht M, Clarkson C R, Kaviani D. New type curves for analyzing horizontal well with multiple fractures in shale gas reservoirs[J]. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 2013, 10:99-112.
[89] Zhang Weidong, Guo Min, Jiang Zaixing, et al. Parameters and method for shale gas reservoir evaluation[J]. Natural Gas Geoscience, 2011, 22(6):1 093-1 099. [张卫东, 郭敏, 姜在兴. 页岩气评价指标与方法[J]. 天然气地球科学, 2011, 22(6):1 093-1 099. ]
[90] Wang Ming, Li Jinfa, Ye Jianliang. Shale Gas Knowledge Reading[M]. Beijing:Science Press, 2012. [汪明, 李金发, 叶建良. 页岩气知识读本[M]. 北京:科学出版社, 2012. ]
[91] Li Qinghui, Chen Mian, Jin Yan, et al. Indoor evaluation method for shale brittleness and improvement[J]. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 2012, 31(8):1 680-1 685. [李庆辉, 陈勉, 金衍, 等. 页岩脆性的室内评价方法及改进[J]. 岩石力学与工程, 2012, 31(8):1 680-1 685. ]
[92] Wang Fred. Production fairway:Speed rails in gas shale[C/OL]∥7th Annual Gas Shale Summit, 6-7, 2008 Dallas, Texas, USA, 2013. http:∥www. HPDI. com.
[93] Chen Zhenlin, Wang Hua, He Faqi, et al. Shale Gas Formation Mechanism, Occurrence Machine Evaluation Method[M]. Wuhan: Chinese Geology University Press, LLC, 2011:69-70. [陈振林, 王华, 何发岐, 等. 页岩气形成机理、赋存状态机研究评价方法[M]. 武汉:中国地质大学出版社有限责任公司, 2011:69-70. ]
[94] Mathews H L, Schein G, Malone M. Stimulation of Gas Shales: They’re all the Same-Right[EB/OL]. [2014-01-22]. http:∥www. onepetro. org/mslib/app/search. do, SPE 106070, 2007.
[95] Wang Jinlong, Lin Zhuoying, Wu Yushan, et al. Damage and cracks propagation in brittle rock[J]. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 1990, 11(3):1-8. [王金龙, 林卓英, 吴玉山, 等. 脆性岩石的损伤与裂隙扩展[J]. 岩土力学, 1990, 11(3):1-8. ]
[96] Fu Yongqiang, Ma Faming, Zeng Lixin, et al. Key techniques of experimental evaluation in the fracturing traetment for shale gas reservoirs[J]. Natural Gas Industry, 2011, 31(4):51-54. [付永强, 马发明, 曾立新, 等. 页岩气藏储层压裂实验评价关键技术[J]. 天然气工业, 2011, 31(4):51-54. ]
[97] Jiang Tingxue, Jia Changgui, Wang Haitao, et al. Fracturing design method in shale gas[J]. Petroleum Drilling Technoques, 2011, 39(3):36-40. [蒋廷学, 贾长贵, 王海涛, 等. 页岩气网络压裂设计方法研究[J]. 石油钻探技术, 2011, 39(3):36-40. ]
[98] Luo Zhetan, Cui Bingquan, Huang Sijing, et al. Effect and control of clay minerals on clastic reservoir[J]. Natural Gas Industry, 1991, 11(4):24-28. [罗蛰潭, 崔秉荃, 黄思静, 等. 黏土矿物对碎屑岩储集层的影响及控制[J]. 天然气工业, 1991, 11(4):24-28. ]
[99] Chen Gongyang, Zhang Ling, Zhou Chaoyu. The distribution characteristics of clay minerals and reservoir sensitivity in the lower section of Xingouju Formation[J]. Journal of Southeast Petroleum University(Science & Technology Edition), 2010, 32(2):7-12. [陈恭洋, 张玲, 周超宇. 新沟咀组下段黏土矿物分布特征与储层敏感性[J]. 西南石油大学学报:自然科学版, 2010, 32(2):7-12. ]
[100] Li Zhongyang. Research on conditions of reservoir and preservation shale gas accumulation[J]. Applied Technology, 2012, 222(7):99-101. [李钟洋. 页岩气成藏的储集与保存条件研究[J]. 应用技术, 2012, 222(7):99-101. ]
[101] Mohaghegh Shahab D. Reservoir modeling of shale formations[J]. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 2013, 12:22-33.
[102] Zhang Liping, Pan Renfang. Major accumulation factors and storage reconstruction of shale gas reservoir[J]. China Petroleum Exploration, 2009, (3):20-23. [张利萍, 潘仁芳. 页岩气的主要成藏要素与气储改造[J]. 中国石油勘探, 2009, (3):20-23. ]
[103] Zhao Jinzhou, Ren Lan, Hu Yongquan. Controlling factors of hydraulic fractures extending into network in shale formations[J]. Journal of Southwest Petroleum University (Science & Technology Edition), 2013, 35(1):1-9. [赵金洲, 任岚, 胡永全. 页岩储层压裂隙成网延伸的受控因素分析[J]. 西南石油大学学报:自然科学版, 2013, 35(1):1-9. ]
[104] Douglas C C, Qin G, Collier N, et al. Intelligent fracture creation for shale gas development[J]. Procedia Computer Science, 2011, 4: 1 745-1 750.
[105] Yu W, Luo Z, Javadpour F, et al. Sensitivity analysis of hydraulic fracture geometry in shale gas reservoirs[J]. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 2014, 113: 1-7.
[106] Jon E, Arash Dahi-Talechani. Modeling simultaneous growth of multiple hydraulic fractures and their interaction with natural fractures[C]∥Paper 119739 Presented at SPE Hydraulic Technology Conference, 19-21 January 2009, the woodlands, Texas, USA. New York:SPE, 2009.
[107] Zhang Shicheng, Mou Songru, Cui Yong. Numerical simulation models with hydraulic fracturing in shale gas reservoirs[J]. Natural Gas Industry, 2011, 31(12):81-84. [张士诚, 牟松茹, 崔勇. 页岩气压裂数值模型分析[J]. 天然气工业, 2011, 31(12):81-84. ]
[108] Zhang Yang. Study on Artificial Fracture Initiation and Propagation Mechanism of Natural Fractured Reservoirs[D]. Daqing:Northeast Petroleum University, 2012. [张杨. 裂隙性储层人工裂隙起裂及延伸机理研究[D]. 大庆:东北石油大学, 2012. ]
[109] Li Yuxi, Xiao Shumei. Relationship between reservoir in-situ and fractured fractures[J]. Special Oil & Gas Reservoirs, 2000, 7(3):26-28. [李玉喜, 肖淑梅. 储层天然裂隙与压裂裂隙关系分析[J]. 特种油气藏, 2000, 7(3):26-28. ]
[110] Luo Tianyu, Wang Jiahuai, Zhao Jinzhou, et al. Influence of natural fractures on hydraulic fracturing[J]. Journal of Oil and Gas, 2007, 29(5):141-142, 149. [罗天雨, 王嘉淮, 赵金洲, 等. 天然裂隙对水力压裂的影响研究[J]. 石油天然气学报, 2007, 29(5):141-142, 149. ]
[111] Dershowitz W, Doe T. Modeling complexities of natural fracturing key in gas shales[J]. The American Oil and Gas Reporter, 2011, 54(8): 70-76.
[112] He Weigang, Tang Shuheng, Xie Xiaodong. Effect of in-situ stress on coalbed permeability[J]. Journal of Liaoning Technical University(Natural Science), 2000, 19(4):353-355. [何伟钢, 唐书恒, 谢晓东. 地应力对煤层渗透性的影响[J]. 辽宁工程技术大学学报:自然科学版, 2000, 19(4):353-355. ]
[113] Schieber J. Common themes in the formation and preservation of intrinsic porosity in shales and mudstones-illustrated with examples across the Phanerozoic[C]∥SPE-132370, SPE Unconventional Gas Conference. Pittsburgh, PA, 2010.
[114] Wang Zhongmao, Hu Jiangming. A study on the fracture types induced by hydro fracturing[J]. Petroleum Exploration and Development, 1994, 21(6):66-69. [王仲茂, 胡江明. 水力压裂形成裂隙形态的研究[J]. 石油勘探与开发, 1994, 21(6):66-69. ]
[115] Chen Mian, Zhou Jian, Jin Yan, et al. Experimental study on fracturing features in naturally fractured reservoir[J]. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 2008, 29(3):431-434. [陈勉, 周健, 金衍, 等. 随机裂隙性储层压裂特征实验研究[J]. 石油学报, 2008, 29(3):431-434. ]
[116] Li Qi, Liu Guizhen, Zhang Jian, et al. Status and suggestion of environmental monitoring for CO2 geological storage[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2013, 28(6):718-727. [李琦, 刘桂臻, 张建, 等. 二氧化碳地质封存环境监测现状及建议[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(6): 718-727. ]
[1] 程超, 于文刚, 贾婉婷, 林海宇, 李莲庆. 岩石热物理性质的研究进展及发展趋势[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(10): 1072-1083.
[2] 琚宜文, 戚宇, 房立志, 朱洪建, 王国昌, 王桂梁. 中国页岩气的储层类型及其制约因素[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(8): 782-799.
[3] 徐祖新, 郭少斌. 基于NMR和X-CT的页岩储层孔隙结构研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(5): 624-631.
[4] 张盼盼, 刘小平, 王雅杰, 孙雪娇. 页岩纳米孔隙研究新进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(11): 1242-1249.
[5] 张雪芬,陆现彩,张林晔,刘庆. 页岩气的赋存形式研究及其石油地质意义[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(6): 597-604.
[6] 张志强,郑军卫. 国际低渗透油气资源勘探开发技术进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(8): 854-864.