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地球科学进展  2015, Vol. 30 Issue (9): 1034-1049    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.09.1034
研究论文     
中祁连西段花岗岩类的地球化学特征及构造意义
侯荣娜1, 王淑华1, 张翔2, 侯克选1, 张铖3, 王金荣1, *
1.兰州大学地质科学与矿产资源学院 甘肃省西部矿产资源重点实验室(兰州大学),甘肃 兰州 730000; 2.甘肃省地质调查院,甘肃 兰州 730000; 3.甘肃省地质矿产开发局第二勘查院,甘肃 兰州 730000
Geochemical Characteristics and Tectonic Significance of the Granotoids in the Western Section of the Mid-Qilian
Hou Rongna1, Wang Shuhua1, Zhang Xiang2, Hou Kexuan1, Zhang Cheng3, Wang Jinrong1
1.Key Laboratory of Mineral Resources in Western China (Gansu Province), School of Earth Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China; 2. Geological Survey of Gansu Province, Lanzhou 730000, China; 3. Second Institute of Geological and Mineral Exploration of Gansu Provincial Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, Lanzhou 730000, China
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摘要:

中祁连西段石板墩地区北部及南部发育有辉长岩、闪长岩及花岗岩。北带岩体的LA-ICP-MS锆石U-Pb年龄为(469.3±2.8)Ma,(461.2±3.3)Ma和(470.0±2.5)Ma;岩石SiO2质量百分含量为53.2%~66.11%,高Al,Ti,Mg,Fe,Ca,K,Na,A/CNK<1.1;富集大离子亲石元素Rb,K和Pb,亏损高场强元素Nb,Ta,Ce,Sr,Hf,Ti;REE总量较高,LREE富集、HREE近平坦型分布,中等的负Eu异常,δEu=0.6;此外,在构造判别图中,样品落于岛弧环境。南带岩体LA-ICP-MS锆石U-Pb年龄为(470.9±2.8)Ma和(472.3±4.2)Ma,岩石SiO2质量百分含量较高(67.13%~70.73%),高Al,Mg,Fe,Ca,富Na贫K,A/CNK<1.1;岩石表现为明显的高Sr低Yb,Y的特点,富集大离子亲石元素R,K,Sr等,亏损高场强元素Nb,Ta,P,Ti等;REE总量较低,LREE富集、HREE亏损,轻重稀土分异明显,轻微的负Eu异常至正异常,δEu=0.74~1.18。研究表明,北带岩体为地幔楔部分熔融产生的,形成于岛弧环境;南带岩体为消减的大洋岩石圈板块部分熔融产生的埃达克岩,是北祁连向南俯冲导致的岩浆作用的产物,“中祁连西段”是早古生代时期在“残留的微陆块”基础上形成的一个岛弧增生杂岩地体。

关键词: 岛弧早古生代中祁连西段埃达克岩    
Abstract:

Granotoids, mainly gabbro, diorite and granite, are greatly rich in the northern and southern parts of Shibandun area, western section of the Mid-Qilian. LA-ICP-MS zircon and U-Pb dating methods indicate that the age of the rock from the northern belt were(469.3±2.8)Ma,(461.2±3.3)Ma and (470.0±2.5) Ma, respectively. The SiO2 content of the northern rock mass ranges from 53.2% to 66.1% with high content of the Al, Ti, Mg, Fe, Ca, K, Na in the rock mass and A/CNK<1.1. The rock analysis shows enrichment of large ion lithophile elements (LILE) (e.g., Rb, K) and Pb, and depletion of high field strength elements (HFSE) (e.g., Nb, Ta, Ce, Sr, Hf and Ti). The results also indicate LREE enriched pattern with high ∑REE abundance, flat HREE and moderate negative Eu anomaly (δEu=0.6). Tectonic discrimination diagrams showed that the samples are located in the arc environment. The age of the rock from the southern belt are respectively (470.9±2.8) Ma and (472.3±4.2) Ma based on LA-ICP-MS zircon U-Pb dating methods. The southern rock mass contains high amount of the Al, Mg, Fe, Ca and is rich in Na and poor in K (A/CNK<1.1). Rock analysis results show the enrichment of large ion lithophile elements (LILE) (e.g., Rb, K and Sr) and depletion of high field strength elements (HFSE) (e.g., Nb, Ta, Ti and P), and also indicate a LREE enriched pattern with rather low ∑REE, depleted HREE and obvious differentiation in Eu, which is from slight negative to positive anomaly (δEu=0.74~1.18). Our study shows that the northern belt was formed by partial melting of mantle wedge in an island-arc environment, while the southern belt is adakites generated by partial melting of Adakites, and is also the product from the magmatic process by the North Qilian southward subduction. The western part of the Mid-Qilian is an island arc hyperplasia complex created on a remained microcontinental in early Paleozoic.

Key words: The western section of the Mid-Qilian    Adakites    Island arc    Early Paleozoic.
收稿日期: 2015-07-15 出版日期: 2015-09-20
:  P595  
基金资助:

甘肃省科技重大专项计划项目“祁连山造山带西段石板墩铁矿床赋矿层位及找矿预测研究”(编号:1002FKDA042); 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金“中祁连西段野马南山火成岩组合及其构造意义”(编号:lzujbky-2013-113)资助

通讯作者: *通讯作者:王金荣(1957-),男,福建莆田人,教授,主要从事岩石大地构造学研究.E-mail:jrwang@lzu.edu.cn     E-mail: hourn09@lzu.edu.cn
作者简介: 侯荣娜(1990-),女,山东烟台人,硕士研究生,主要从事岩石圈演化与成矿作用研究.
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引用本文:

侯荣娜, 王淑华, 张翔, 侯克选, 张铖, 王金荣. 中祁连西段花岗岩类的地球化学特征及构造意义[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(9): 1034-1049.

Hou Rongna, Wang Shuhua, Zhang Xiang, Hou Kexuan, Zhang Cheng, Wang Jinrong. Geochemical Characteristics and Tectonic Significance of the Granotoids in the Western Section of the Mid-Qilian. Advances in Earth Science, 2015, 30(9): 1034-1049.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.09.1034        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2015/V30/I9/1034

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