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地球科学进展  2002, Vol. 17 Issue (2): 201-208    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2002.02.0201
中国典型地区土地利用/覆盖变化及其动力机制     
北京城乡过渡区土地利用变化驱动力分析
王静爱1,何春阳2, 董艳春1,高玲1,徐伟1
1.北京师范大学资源与环境科学系,北京 100875;2.北京师范大学环境演变与自然灾害教育部重点实验室,北京师范大学资源科学研究所,北京 100875
ANALYSIS OF LAND USE/COVER DRIVING FORCES  IN THE URBAN FRINGE OF BEIJING CITY
WANG Jing-ai1,  HE Chun-yang2,  DONG Yan-chun1,  GAO Ling1,  XU Wei1
1.Resources and Environment Sciences Department, Beijing Normal University Beijing 100875,China;2.Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing Normal University, Institute of Resources Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875,China
 全文: PDF(140 KB)  
摘要:

在多时相遥感数据和实际调查数据的支持下,采用典型样带和样点相结合的研究方法,对北京西部城乡过渡区的土地利用/覆盖变化驱动力进行了研究。结果表明,研究区的土地利用/覆盖变化受到了不同层次、多种驱动力的综合作用,人类活动从整体上改变着城乡过渡区的景观特征,政策体制转变下的经济高速增长和快速的城市化过程是北京城乡过渡区土地利用/覆盖变化的根本原因。在这个过程中,城市投资和产业的转变与农村农业用地内部的结构调整相互结合,从城市和农村两个方向共同推动着北京城乡过渡区的土地利用/覆盖变化,而地形、交通等因素则从局部尺度上决定着土地利用/覆盖变化的方向。此外,人类个体的行为选择,尤其是就业和消费选择,也在一定程度上对北京城乡过渡区的土地利用/覆盖变化起着调整和修改作用。

关键词: 北京城乡过渡区土地利用/覆盖变化驱动力    
Abstract:

Drastic land use/cover changes have always taken place in the urban fringe area in the urbanization, which always aroused many environmental and ecological problems, such as pollution, biodiversity loss, local climate change and so on. Thus, with the support of RS data and field investigation data, the driving forces of the land use/cover change in the urban fringe area of the west part of Beijing city is analyzed and evaluated in this paper. The results show that the land use/cover changes in the urban fringe are affected collectively by many factors in different scales. Human activity changed the landscape characteristics of the fringe as a whole and the rapid economic increase and fast urbanization were the key driving forces of the land use/cover change in the urban fringe area. In addition, the investment and industry transformation of the urban area and the structure adjustment in the primary industry of the rural area drove the land use/cover change directly in the regional scale and the location factors such as traffic situations, landform and so on, affected the land use/cover change in the urban fringe in the local scale. Besides, human behaviors also affect the land use/cover changes in the urban fringe in some extent.

Key words: Beijing    Urban fringe    Land use/cover change    Driving forces.
收稿日期: 2001-12-07 出版日期: 2002-04-01
:  X144    
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金重大项目“中国东部陆地农业生态系统与全球变化相互作用机理研究” (编号:39899374)资助

通讯作者: 王静爱 (1955-),女,河北定州人,教授,主要从事区域地理学和自然灾害研究.E-mail:sqq@bnu.edu.cn     E-mail: sqq@bnu.edu.cn
作者简介: 王静爱 (1955-),女,河北定州人,教授,主要从事区域地理学和自然灾害研究.E-mail:sqq@bnu.edu.cn
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引用本文:

王静爱,何春阳,董艳春,高玲,徐伟. 北京城乡过渡区土地利用变化驱动力分析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2002, 17(2): 201-208.

WANG Jing-ai, HE Chun-yang, DONG Yan-chun, GAO Ling, XU Wei. ANALYSIS OF LAND USE/COVER DRIVING FORCES  IN THE URBAN FRINGE OF BEIJING CITY. Advances in Earth Science, 2002, 17(2): 201-208.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2002.02.0201        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2002/V17/I2/201

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