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地球科学进展  2016, Vol. 31 Issue (12): 1220-1227    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2016.12.1220
综述与评述     
石盐流体包裹体中古嗜盐菌的研究进展
王九一, 刘成林
中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所,国土资源部成矿作用与资源评价重点实验室,北京 100037
Reviews on Ancient Halophilic Microbes in Halite Fluid in Clusions
Wang Jiuyi, Liu Chenglin
MLR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources,Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037,China
 全文: PDF(2536 KB)   HTML
摘要: 蒸发盐矿物流体包裹体能够将结晶卤水中的嗜盐菌包裹起来,并随着盐类沉积而将其封闭保存起来。在矿物流体包裹体的缺氧、密闭、低营养的极端环境中,一些古代的嗜盐菌经历数万年,甚至数百万年仍然保持活性。对石盐流体包裹体中古嗜盐菌的发现、分离和鉴定历史进行详细综述,系统论述古嗜盐菌引发的地质学家和微生物学家的长期论战,提出该领域存在的问题,并展望未来的研究方向。蒸发盐矿物流体包裹体古嗜盐菌的研究需要重视蒸发盐岩的岩相学和沉积环境分析,并遵循严格的微生物学实验策略。古嗜盐菌的未来研究应重点关注石膏、钙芒硝、天然碱等蒸发盐矿物,着眼于识别和鉴定更古老的古嗜盐菌,探究古嗜盐菌的生存机制。
关键词: 古嗜盐菌石盐流体包裹体蒸发盐    
Abstract: Fluid inclusions trapped in ancient evaporites can contain a community of halophilic prokaryotes and eukaryotes that inhabited the surface brines from which the minerals formed. Entombed in the fluid inclusions in evaporites, some of these halophilic microbes remain viable for at least tens of thousands of years and possibly for hundreds of millions of years, even under high salinity, low oxygen, high radiation, low nutrient concentration. This review presents the scientific history of discovery, isolation, and culture of ancient halophilic microbes in halite fluid inclusions. We elucidated the controversy associated with the ancient halophilic microbes between geologists and geomicrobiologists. Major concerns and future perspectives on halophiles research were proposed. We emphasized that lithofacies analysis and depositional environment determination on evaporites are prerequisites before any microbiological survey, and rigorous biological protocol must be obeyed at all retrieval procedures for ancient microorganisms. We suggested that future study related to ancient halophilic microbes should focus on other evaporites such as gypsum, glauberite, and trona, characterize and identify older halophiles; clarify metabolic mechanism for longevity of ancient microorganisms.
Key words: Halite    Ancient halophilic microbes    Evaporites.    Fluid inclusions
收稿日期: 2016-08-16 出版日期: 2016-12-20
:  P588.24+7  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金项目“柴达木盆地西部盐湖沉积岩相特征记录的亚洲内陆干旱化”(编号:41302133); 国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“中国陆块海相成钾规律及预测研究”(编号:2011CB403007)资助
作者简介: 王九一(1983-),男,河南南阳人,助理研究员,主要从事蒸发盐沉积与古气候研究.E-mail:wjyhlx@163.com
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王九一, 刘成林. 石盐流体包裹体中古嗜盐菌的研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(12): 1220-1227.

Wang Jiuyi, Liu Chenglin. Reviews on Ancient Halophilic Microbes in Halite Fluid in Clusions. Advances in Earth Science, 2016, 31(12): 1220-1227.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2016.12.1220        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2016/V31/I12/1220

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