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地球科学进展  2007, Vol. 22 Issue (1): 66-73    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.01.0066
综述与评述     
资料同化在空气质量预报中的应用
白晓平1 ,李 红1,方 栋1,胡 非2,Francesca Costabile3,王芬娟1
1.清华大学核能与新能源技术研究院,北京 100084;2.中国科学院大气物理研究所大气边界层物理和大气化学国家重点实验室,北京 100029;3.Institute for Atmospheric Pollution Italian National Research Council, Rome Italy
Applications of Data Assimilation in Air Quality Prediction
BAI  Xiao-ping1, LI Hong1, FANG Dong1, HU Fei2,Francesca Costabile3,WANG Fen-juan1
1.Institute of Nuclear and Energy Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084,China;2.State Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Boundary Layer Physics and Atmospheric Chemistry, Institute of Atmospheric Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029,China;3.Institute for Atmospheric Pollution Italian National Research Council, Rome Italy
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摘要:

随着数值模式的不断完善和观测技术的不断提高,资料同化逐渐成为能够进一步提高数值预报水平的一种有效方法。20世纪70年代,资料同化开始引入空气质量预报领域,成为当前大气环境科学研究的一个新方向。简要介绍了资料同化的含义,较详细地介绍了Kalman滤波法、四维变分同化法、牛顿松弛法的基本思想和优缺点,重点阐述了国内外资料同化在空气质量预报中的研究应用情况,最后指出资料同化应用于空气质量预报时存在的问题和今后的研究方向。

关键词: 空气质量预报数值预报资料同化    
Abstract:

Along with the improvement of numerical models and the enhancement of observation technology, data assimilation has become an efficient method that can further improve numerical prediction level. Since the seventies of last century, data assimilation has been used in air quality prediction, and has become a new direction in the research on the atmospheric environmental science. The meaning of data assimilation is briefly described, and the basic principle, advantages and drawbacks of Kalman filter, four-dimensional variational assimilation and nudging methods are introduced in detail. The research progress of data assimilation in air quality prediction is mainly reviewed. The existing problems and further research directions of data assimilation applied in air quality prediction are discussed.

Key words: Data assimilation    Air quality prediction.    Numerical prediction
收稿日期: 2006-05-22 出版日期: 2007-01-10
:  X823  
通讯作者: 白晓平(1976-),女,山西五台人,博士研究生,主要从事空气污染预报的研究.E-mail:bxp03@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn     E-mail: bxp03@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn
作者简介: 白晓平(1976-),女,山西五台人,博士研究生,主要从事空气污染预报的研究.E-mail:bxp03@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn
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引用本文:

白晓平,李红,方栋,胡非,FrancescaCostabile,王芬娟. 资料同化在空气质量预报中的应用[J]. 地球科学进展, 2007, 22(1): 66-73.

BAI Xiao-ping, LI Hong, FANG Dong, HU Fei,Francesca Costabile,WANG Fen-juan. Applications of Data Assimilation in Air Quality Prediction. Advances in Earth Science, 2007, 22(1): 66-73.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.01.0066        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2007/V22/I1/66

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