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地球科学进展  2012, Vol. 27 Issue (2): 175-184    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2012.02.0175
研究论文     
基于神经网络模型的中国表层土壤有机质空间分布模拟方法
李启权1,2,王昌全1,岳天祥2,张文江3,余勇4
1.四川农业大学资源环境学院,四川成都611130;
2.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101;
3.四川大学水力学与山区河流开发保护国家重点实验室,四川成都610065;
4.四川农业大学林学院,四川雅安625014
Method for Spatial Simulation of Topsoil Organic Matter in China based on a Neural Network Model
Li Qiquan1,2, Wang Changquan1, Yue Tianxiang2, Zhang Wenjiang3, Yu Yong4
1.College of Resources and Environment, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu611130, China;
2.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing100101,China;
3.State Key Laboratory of Hydraulics and Mountain River Engineering,Sichuan University, Chengdu610065,China;
4.College of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Yaan625014, China
 全文: PDF(1704 KB)  
摘要:

基于全国第二次土壤普查得到的6 241个典型土壤剖面数据,采用主成分分析方法和径向基函数神经网络模型建立不同植被类型—土纲单元内土壤有机质与气候、地形和植被等环境因子间的非线性关系,模拟全国表层土壤有机质的空间分析格局。结果表明,该模型具有较准确的预测能力,性能指数达到1.94。与普通克里格法、反比距离法和多元回归模型相比,神经网络模型对621个验证点模拟结果与实测值的相关系数为0.799,分别提高了0.265、0.181和0.120,平均绝对误差分别降低了4.25、4.43和2.34 g/kg,平均相对误差分别降低了30.16%、32.66%和5.93%,均方根误差则分别降低了8.61、8.24和6.24 g/kg;从模拟结果图来看,神经网络模型能够提供更多的细节信息。该方法为大尺度土壤性质空间分布模拟提供了有益的参考。

关键词: 土壤有机质径向基函数神经网络空间模拟国家尺度    
Abstract:

 Accurate simulation of spatial information of soil properties at large scale is essential to land use and environment management. Based on 6 241 typical soil profiles collected during the second national soil survey period (19791994), a radial basis function neural networks (RBFNN) method was used to capture the nonlinear relationship between topsoil organic matter and principal components converted from environmental variables including climate data, terrain attributes and vegetation index, to simulate the spatial pattern of topsoil organic matter at national scale in China. Results show that, the ratio of performance to deviation (RPD) produced by RBFNN is 1.94 which indicates that RBFNN has much stronger ability to simulate the spatial distribution of topsoil organic matter within a large scale. Error analysis based on 621 validation points show that, compared with ordinary kriging, inverse distance weighting and multiple linear regression model, correlation coefficients between the observed value increased by 0.265, 0.181 and 0.120, the mean absolute error decreased by 4.25, 4.43 and 2.34 g/kg, the mean relative error was reduced by 30.16%, 32.66% and 5.93%, and the root mean squared error decreased by 8.61, 8.24 and 6.24 g/kg. Moreover, RBFNN produces soil organic matter map with much higher level of detail, which is closer to the actual pattern of soil organic matter in the complex environment, especially for the area where the density of sample points is much smaller. The good performance of RBFNN method can be attributed to the ability of RBFNN method which can accurately capture the nonlinear relationship between soil organic matter and environmental factors. Thus, RBFNN method is considered as an effective tool to spatial simulation of soil properties at a large scale. Further researches are needed to employ more influencing factors into the method to improve the precision of simulation result.

Key words: Soil organic matter    Radial basis function neural networks    Spatial simulation    National scale
收稿日期: 2011-10-20 出版日期: 2012-02-10
:  S153.6+21  
基金资助:

国家杰出青年科学基金项目“资源环境模型与系统模拟”(编号:40825003);国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目“基于陆面水文过程的区域干旱遥感监测预报研究”(编号:40801175)资助.

通讯作者: 李启权(1980-),男,四川泸县人,讲师,主要从事土壤属性时空变化模拟研究.      E-mail: liqq@lreis.ac.cn
作者简介: 李启权(1980-),男,四川泸县人,讲师,主要从事土壤属性时空变化模拟研究. E-mail:liqq@lreis.ac.cn
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引用本文:

李启权,王昌全,岳天祥,张文江,余勇. 基于神经网络模型的中国表层土壤有机质空间分布模拟方法[J]. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(2): 175-184.

Li Qiquan, Wang Changquan, Yue Tianxiang, Zhang Wenjiang, Yu Yong. Method for Spatial Simulation of Topsoil Organic Matter in China based on a Neural Network Model. Advances in Earth Science, 2012, 27(2): 175-184.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2012.02.0175        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2012/V27/I2/175

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