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地球科学进展  2011, Vol. 26 Issue (11): 1173-1190    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2011.11.1173
综述与评述     
斑岩铜矿床研究进展
张云国, 周朝宪
1.有色金属矿产地质调查中心,北京100012;2.北京矿产地质研究院,北京100012
Review of Porphyry Copper Deposit
Zhang Yunguo, Zhou Chaoxian
1.China Geological Survey of Nonferrous Metal Resources, Beijing100012, China;2.Beijing Institute of Geology for Mineral Resources, Beijing100012, China
 全文: PDF(1415 KB)  
摘要:

斑岩铜矿不但形成于环太平洋成矿域,还形成于特提斯成矿域和中亚成矿域(古亚洲洋成矿域)。成矿物质来源于深部,经过“洋壳—地幔熔岩流”、“原始岩浆”、“浅部富矿岩浆”和“岩浆结晶—成矿”4个阶段,其中在“原始弧岩浆”阶段,通过MASH过程,有大量成矿物质和能量的聚集。成矿流体为富H2O、高温、高压、高盐度、强氧化性、高氧逸度的富矿气液相流体,这些特点有利于成矿物质在岩浆—热液分离过程中向流体富集,并以氯络合物的形式运移。随着成矿流体的上侵,温度和压力的降低是成矿物质沉淀的主要影响因素。磁铁矿的结晶为成矿流体提供了大量的S2-离子,也是导致成矿物质沉淀的主要因素。斑岩型蚀变带从里向外为石英内核、钾化带、SCC带和泥化带,铜矿化主要发育在矿化带外围以及SCC带。目前,斑岩铜矿成矿模型主要有经典模型、系统模型和多阶段叠加模型。

关键词: 斑岩铜矿地质特征蚀变带源岩沉淀机制成矿机理;模型    
Abstract:

Porphyry copper deposit as the largest source of Cu is one of the most important deposits in the world. Porphyry Copper Deposit not only occured in Circum-Pacific ore-forming region, but also occured in Tethys ore-forming region and Middle-Asian(Paleo-Asian Oceanic) oreforming region. The mineralization materials derived from the deep. Porphyry forms through four stages: “Oceanic Crust-Mantle Lava Flow”,“Original Magma”,“Shallow Ore Magma”,“Crystallization of Magma-Minerali-zation”. In the stage of “Original Magma”, much metallogenic materials and energy gather through the process of “MASH”. Ore-forming fluids are high-grade fliuds of gas-liquid phase, which are of fluid-rich, high temperature, high pressure, high salinity, strong oxidizing, high oxygen fugacity. The characteristics of ore-forming fluids are favorable for metallogenic materials to gather from magmas to fluids in the process of magma-hydrothermal separation. The copper is transported and migrated in form of Cl-complexes. With the ascent of ore-forming fluids, lowering of temperature and pressure is the main factors resulting in copper precipitation. The crystallization of magnetite resulting from lowering temperature and pressure provides much of S2- and  plays an important role in the formation of porphyry copper ore. From the inner to the outside, the alteration zones,in general,are composed of quartz zone,potassic zone,SCC zone and  argillic zone.The proposed genesis models which are commonly accepted,up to now, include the classical model, the system model and the model of polyphasal overprinting events.

Key words: Porphyry copper deposit    Geological characteristic    Alteration zone    Source    Precipitation    Genesis    Model.
收稿日期: 2011-07-28 出版日期: 2011-11-10
:  P611  
通讯作者: 张云国(1982-),男,山东聊城人,工程师,主要从事矿床学研究、矿产勘查和矿山地质等工作.     E-mail: zhangyg0603@163.com
作者简介: 张云国(1982-),男,山东聊城人,工程师,主要从事矿床学研究、矿产勘查和矿山地质等工作. E-mail:zhangyg0603@163.com
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张云国, 周朝宪. 斑岩铜矿床研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2011, 26(11): 1173-1190.

Zhang Yunguo, Zhou Chaoxian. Review of Porphyry Copper Deposit. Advances in Earth Science, 2011, 26(11): 1173-1190.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2011.11.1173        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2011/V26/I11/1173

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