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地球科学进展  2011, Vol. 26 Issue (11): 1173-1190    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2011.11.1173
张云国, 周朝宪
Review of Porphyry Copper Deposit
Zhang Yunguo, Zhou Chaoxian
1.China Geological Survey of Nonferrous Metal Resources, Beijing100012, China;2.Beijing Institute of Geology for Mineral Resources, Beijing100012, China
 全文: PDF(1415 KB)  


关键词: 斑岩铜矿地质特征蚀变带源岩沉淀机制成矿机理;模型    

Porphyry copper deposit as the largest source of Cu is one of the most important deposits in the world. Porphyry Copper Deposit not only occured in Circum-Pacific ore-forming region, but also occured in Tethys ore-forming region and Middle-Asian(Paleo-Asian Oceanic) oreforming region. The mineralization materials derived from the deep. Porphyry forms through four stages: “Oceanic Crust-Mantle Lava Flow”,“Original Magma”,“Shallow Ore Magma”,“Crystallization of Magma-Minerali-zation”. In the stage of “Original Magma”, much metallogenic materials and energy gather through the process of “MASH”. Ore-forming fluids are high-grade fliuds of gas-liquid phase, which are of fluid-rich, high temperature, high pressure, high salinity, strong oxidizing, high oxygen fugacity. The characteristics of ore-forming fluids are favorable for metallogenic materials to gather from magmas to fluids in the process of magma-hydrothermal separation. The copper is transported and migrated in form of Cl-complexes. With the ascent of ore-forming fluids, lowering of temperature and pressure is the main factors resulting in copper precipitation. The crystallization of magnetite resulting from lowering temperature and pressure provides much of S2- and  plays an important role in the formation of porphyry copper ore. From the inner to the outside, the alteration zones,in general,are composed of quartz zone,potassic zone,SCC zone and  argillic zone.The proposed genesis models which are commonly accepted,up to now, include the classical model, the system model and the model of polyphasal overprinting events.

Key words: Porphyry copper deposit    Geological characteristic    Alteration zone    Source    Precipitation    Genesis    Model.
收稿日期: 2011-07-28 出版日期: 2011-11-10
:  P611  
通讯作者: 张云国(1982-),男,山东聊城人,工程师,主要从事矿床学研究、矿产勘查和矿山地质等工作.     E-mail:
作者简介: 张云国(1982-),男,山东聊城人,工程师,主要从事矿床学研究、矿产勘查和矿山地质等工作.
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张云国, 周朝宪. 斑岩铜矿床研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2011, 26(11): 1173-1190.

Zhang Yunguo, Zhou Chaoxian. Review of Porphyry Copper Deposit. Advances in Earth Science, 2011, 26(11): 1173-1190.


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