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地球科学进展  2010, Vol. 25 Issue (1): 61-68    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.01.0061
可持续发展研究     
个人终端消费导向的碳足迹研究框架——支撑我国环境外交的碳排放研究新思路
樊杰1,李平星1, 2,梁育填1, 2
1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101; 2.中国科学院研究生院,北京100049
Framework of Final Consumption Oriented Research on Carbon Footprint——New Idea of Research on Carbon Emissions Supporting the Environmental Diplomacy of China
Fan Jie1, Li Pingxing1,2, Liang Yutian1,2
1.Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing100101, China;2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing100049, China
 全文: PDF 
摘要:

碳足迹揭示了终端消费领域人类活动对于全球气候变化的影响,是碳排放研究从生产层面转向消费层面的重要标志。开展碳足迹研究可以揭示人类终端消费活动导致的碳排放以及消费能力、消费结构与碳足迹的关系,并最终服务于我国的环境外交。在分析传统生产层面碳排放研究、总结碳足迹研究最新进展的基础上,从气候变化研究领域中就人类活动进行研究的3大核心命题——“规律、权益、策略”出发,提出了碳足迹研究的基本理念、基本假设和基本判断,总结了相应的原则。最后,对生存型、发展型和奢侈型消费及相应碳排放进行了初步的判断和核算。

关键词: 终端消费碳足迹碳排放环境外交    
Abstract:

The carbon footprint indicates the effect of human final consumptions on global climate changes, and is a key sign of the turn from production to consumption-based research on carbon emissions. The carbon emissions embodied in human final consumption and the relationship between carbon footprints and ability and structure of consumption can be showed by carrying out research on carbon footprint. Moreover, the corresponding conclusions will also serve our country′s environmental diplomacy. Based on analyzing traditional production-based research of carbon emissions and summarizing latest research progress of carbon footprint, and proceeded from the three core propositions—“Law, Right and Interest, Countermeasure” of climate change related with human activities, this paper proposes the basic ideas, hypothesis and judgments of research on carbon footprint, and also the basic standing points. Finally, this paper carries out primary identification and calculation of threshold values of survival, development, luxury-oriented consumption and relevant carbon emissions.

Key words: Final consumption    Carbon footprint    Carbon emission    Environmental diplomacy
收稿日期: 2009-11-24 出版日期: 2010-01-10
:  X2  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金重点项目“我国地域功能格局的形成机理与识别方法”(编号:40830741);中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向性项目群“全球气候变化与生态”子项目“终端消费导向的碳足迹研究”(编号:KZCX2-YW-Q1-08)资助.

通讯作者: 李平星     E-mail: lipx.08b@igsnrr.ac.cn
作者简介: 樊杰(1961-),男,陕西西安人,博士,研究员,主要从事中国区域发展问题研究.E-mail:fanj@igsnrr.ac.cn
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引用本文:

樊杰,李平星,梁育填. 个人终端消费导向的碳足迹研究框架——支撑我国环境外交的碳排放研究新思路[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(1): 61-68.

Fan Jie, Li Pingxing, Liang Yutian. Framework of Final Consumption Oriented Research on Carbon Footprint——New Idea of Research on Carbon Emissions Supporting the Environmental Diplomacy of China. Advances in Earth Science, 2010, 25(1): 61-68.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.01.0061        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2010/V25/I1/61

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