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地球科学进展  2008, Vol. 23 Issue (12): 1249-1259    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.12.1249
综述与评述     
陆面上总体输送系数研究进展
王慧1,2,李栋梁1,2*,胡泽勇3,王介民3
1.南京信息工程大学,江苏 南京 210044; 2.中国气象局兰州干旱气象研究所,甘肃 兰州 730020;3.中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所,甘肃 兰州 730000
A Review of the Study of the Bulk Transfer Coefficients over the Land
Wang Hui1,2,Li Dongliang1,2,Hu Zeyong3,Wang Jiemin3
1.Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China;2. Institute of Arid Meteorotogy, China Meteorological Administration, Lanzhou 730020, China;3.Cold and Arid Regions Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
 全文: PDF(3135 KB)  
摘要:

从陆面上总体输送系数的研究历程、计算方法和时空变化特征以及与地面各要素之间的依赖关系等几个方面,对该领域的研究工作进行了回顾和总结。在此基础上,探讨了该领域研究中存在的几点科学问题:①需要解决非均匀下垫面地表参数的计算和观测以及发展适用于非均匀下垫面的相似性理论等难题;②对我国湿润地区地表总体输送系数的研究需要加强;③能否对非均匀复杂下垫面陆气相互作用过程进行全面的认识,地表参数由“点”到“面”的推广是关键也是难题。最后对利用卫星遥感结合地面观测资料估算非均匀下垫面地表特征参数和能量通量的可行方法进行了讨论与展望。

关键词: 总体输送系数陆面过程地面要素变化特征    
Abstract:

This paper reviewed the recent advance in the bulk transfer coefficients over the land, from its research course, computing methods and characteristics of space and time variations as well as relations with some surface factors and so on. On the basis of comprehensive understanding of its present situations, the authors discussed some key scientific problems in this field. Firstly, some difficult problems required to be solved,such as the land surface parameters′ calculation and observation over inhomogeneous land surface and development similarity theory which can be applicable to the inhomogeneous land surface. Secondly, studies of the bulk transfer coefficients over humid regions of China must be strengthened. Thirdly, whether or not understanding the landatmosphere interaction process over inhomogeneous and complicated land surface in its entirety, the land surface parameters′ expandedness form local to regional scope is a critical and difficult problem. Finally,the feasible method of using satellite remote sensing and field observation data to estimate the land surface parameters and flux densities over the inhomogeneous land surface was discussed.

Key words: Bulk transfer coefficients    Land surface process    Surface factors    Variation characteristics
收稿日期: 2008-09-08 出版日期: 2008-12-10
:  P404  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金面上项目“我国干旱区地表感热及对东亚夏季风北边缘带位置的影响”(编号:40875059);干旱气象科学研究基金项目(编号:IAM200801)资助.

通讯作者: 李栋梁(1957-),男,甘肃通渭人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事青藏高原气象学气候变化和预测、环境动力学等的研究.     E-mail: lidl@nuist.edu.cn
作者简介: 王慧(1982-),女,山东曹县人,在读博士生,主要从事陆面过程和气候变化研究.E-mail:jinger0517@163.com
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引用本文:

王慧,李栋梁,胡泽勇,王介民. 陆面上总体输送系数研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(12): 1249-1259.

Wang Hui,Li Dongliang,Hu Zeyong,Wang Jiemin. A Review of the Study of the Bulk Transfer Coefficients over the Land. Advances in Earth Science, 2008, 23(12): 1249-1259.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.12.1249        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2008/V23/I12/1249

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