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地球科学进展  2006, Vol. 21 Issue (11): 1145-1152    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2006.11.1145
研究论文     
南海西部夏季冷涡的季节变化特征
兰健,洪洁莉,李丕学
中国海洋大学物理海洋教育部重点实验室,海洋学系,山东 青岛 266003
Seasonal Variability of Cool-core Eddy in the Western South China Sea
Lan Jian,Hong Jieli,Li Pixue
Physical Oceanography Laboratory, Department of Oceanography, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003,China
 全文: PDF(304 KB)  
摘要:

基于美国海军的空间分辨率为0.5°×0.5°月平均的GDEM(Generalized Digital Environmental Model )三维温盐资料,采用P-Vector方法,计算了南海西部夏季冷涡及附近海域的三维环流,分析了此冷涡的水平结构和垂向结构及其季节变化规律。结果表明南海西部夏季冷涡所占据的海域为一上升流区,对应的是低温区和气旋式环流,其温度场具有明显的垂向层化结构,冷涡随深度增加而减弱。冷涡中心在上层靠近越南沿岸,在温跃层以下有离岸的趋势。此冷涡具有明显的季节性变化:在5、6月份冷涡开始形成,其范围达到110.75°E,最大切向流速为8 cm/s;在7、8月份冷涡达到强盛,其范围向东扩展至112.50°E,冷涡中心也向东移至(110.50°E,13.25°N),最大切向流速增加为30 cm/s;在9、10月份冷涡开始衰减。

关键词: 季节变化南海西部夏季冷涡P-Vector方法    
Abstract:

In order to investigate the temporal and spatial features of the cool-core eddy in the Western South China sea, this paper analyzes the GDEM (Generalized Digital Environmental Model) hydrographic data with resolution 0.5°×0.5°. The current system in the vicinity of the cool-core eddy is determined by the P-Vector Method from the GDEM data. The results confirm the existence of the cool-core cyclonic eddy, located on the coast of South Vietnam in which upwelling occurs. The cool-core eddy shows the evident vertical layered structure (mixed layer, thermocline, and layer below the thermocline). The horizontal temperature gradient and the maximum tangential velocity of the cool-core eddy decrease with depth. The eddy center is near the coast of the Vietnam in the upper layer, and spread offshore below thermocline. The cool-core eddy displays prominent seasonal variation: The period of May and June is its developing stage during which it reaches 110.75°E and its maximum tangential velocity is 8cm/s; the period of July and August is its strongest stage during which the eddy extends to 112.50°E and its maximum tangential velocity reaches 30 cm/s, and the eddy center moves northeastward to (110.50°E, 13.25°N); during September and October, the cool-core eddy is weakening.

Key words: Cool-core eddy    P-Vector method.    Seasonal variation
收稿日期: 2006-04-24 出版日期: 2006-11-15
:  P733  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“太平洋和印度洋对印度尼西亚贯穿流年际变化贡献的研究”(编号:40306004);国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“中国东部陆架边缘海海洋物理环境演变及其环境效应”(编号:2005CB422300)资助.

通讯作者: 兰健     E-mail: lanjian@ouc.edu.cn
作者简介: 兰健(1969-),男,山东青岛人,副教授,博士,主要从事海洋环流和海洋资料同化研究.E-mail:lanjian@ouc.edu.cn
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引用本文:

兰健,洪洁莉,李丕学. 南海西部夏季冷涡的季节变化特征[J]. 地球科学进展, 2006, 21(11): 1145-1152.

Lan Jian,Hong Jieli,Li Pixue. Seasonal Variability of Cool-core Eddy in the Western South China Sea. Advances in Earth Science, 2006, 21(11): 1145-1152.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2006.11.1145        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2006/V21/I11/1145

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