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地球科学进展  2005, Vol. 20 Issue (1): 29-035    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2005.01.0029
研究论文     
TRMM卫星降雨雷达观测的南海降雨空间结构和季节变化
陈举;施平;王东晓;杜岩
中国科学院南海海洋研究所LED重点实验室,广东 广州 510301
Spatial Distribution and Seasonal Variabilty of the Rainfall Observed from TRMM Precipitation Radar (PR) in the South China Sea Area(SCSA)
CHEN Ju, SHI Ping, WANG Dongxiao, DU Yan
LED, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, CAS, Guangzhou  510301,China
 全文: PDF(321 KB)  
摘要:

利用热带降雨计划卫星(TRMM)获得的雷达降雨资料,对南海及其周边区域(简称南海地区)降雨的空间分布和季节特征进行了研究。结果表明:南海地区的降雨在空间上分布很不均匀,同时具有显著的季节变化。除了副高活动、季风潮、冬季冷涌和热带低压活动等天气过程,南海周边广泛分布的山地地形对该地区的降雨分布也产生强烈影响,降雨呈现南部高于北部、东部高于西部的分布特征。与CAMP和台站资料相比,PR观测具有更丰富的空间结构,能够更好地体现降雨随时间和空间变化的特征、反映高大的山地地形对降雨分布的影响。

关键词: TRMM降雨雷达(PR)南海降雨季节变化    
Abstract:

High resolution PR rainfall data, which is collected by the Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission (TRMM), is used to study the spatial distribution and seasonal variability of the rainfall in SCSA. Annual mean field shows that the rainfall distribution is highly non-uniform. In general, rainfall in southern SCSA is higher than that in northern SCSA and rainfall in eastern SCSA is higher than that in western SCSA. Restricted by the land topographies, heavy rainfall mainly occurs at the sidehill of  more than 500 m. On the side facing the air current with full water vapor, the rainfall is much higher than the other side. PR's monthly mean rainfall fields show that the rainfall in SCSA has significant seasonal variability, and the monsoons push the heavy rainfall belt northward in summer and southward in winter. Compared with that of CPC Merged Analysis of Precipitation (CMAP), PR rainfall has similar scale and spatial features. However, PR rainfall fields imply more mesoscale information, and reveal more details of the effect of the mountains. Compared with the observed rainfall at the observation stations, time series of PR's monthly mean rainfall are well consistent with the gauges measurement. As a result, the PR measurement can be widely used to study the regional rainfall.

Key words: TRMM PR    Rainfall    South China sea area    Seasonal variability
收稿日期: 2003-07-29 出版日期: 2005-01-25
:  P42  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“南海淡水收支的遥感分析及其水平衡效应研究”(编号:40176006);“863计划”项目“面向全球海洋同化计划GODAE的南海区域系统”(编号:2002AA639250);“十五”社会公益研究计划项目“南沙群岛及其邻近海区综合科学考察”(编号:2001DIA50041)资助.

通讯作者: 陈举     E-mail: jchen@scsio.ac.cn
作者简介: 陈举(1976-),男,四川省蒲江县人,博士研究生,主要从事卫星遥感和海洋环流研究. E-mail:jchen@scsio.ac.cn
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引用本文:

陈举;施平;王东晓;杜岩. TRMM卫星降雨雷达观测的南海降雨空间结构和季节变化[J]. 地球科学进展, 2005, 20(1): 29-035.

CHEN Ju, SHI Ping, WANG Dongxiao, DU Yan. Spatial Distribution and Seasonal Variabilty of the Rainfall Observed from TRMM Precipitation Radar (PR) in the South China Sea Area(SCSA). Advances in Earth Science, 2005, 20(1): 29-035.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2005.01.0029        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2005/V20/I1/29

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