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地球科学进展  2000, Vol. 15 Issue (3): 277-282    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2000.03.0277
综述与评述     
20世纪气候学理论研究的十项成就
王绍武
北京大学地球物理系,北京 100871
TEN ITEMS OF THE MOST IMPORTANT ACHIEVEMENTS IN THEORETICAL STUDIES OF CLIMATOLOGY DURING20TH CENTURY
WANG Shaowu
Department of Geophysics,Peking University,Beijing 100871,China
 全文: PDF(434 KB)  
摘要:

回顾了20世纪气候学理论研究的主要成就,包括世界三大涛动、高低指数、月平均环流、瓦克环流、温室效应、月平均环流预测、ENSO预测、时滞振子理论、温盐环流及季平均环流预测。另外,对可能成为21世纪初气候学理论研究的几个热点问题作了分析,即气候预测、东亚季风、ENSO、年代际气候变率以及温室效应的检测。

关键词: 20世纪气候学理论研究成就与展望    
Abstract:

Theoretical studies of climatology during the 20th century was reviewed. Ten items of the most important achievements were outlined as following:①NAO,NPO and SO,②circulation index,③30-day mean circulation,④Walker circulation,⑤greenhouse effect,⑥prediction of monthly mean circulation,⑦prediction of ENSO,⑧delayed oscillator,⑨thermohaline circulation, and10prediction of seasonal mean circulation. Some problems which may become the hot topics in early 21st century, such as
climatic prediction, East Asian monsoon, ENSO, interdecadal variability of climate, and detection of greenhouse effect,are discussed briefly.

Key words: Theoretical studies    Climatology    20th century    Achievement and prospects.
收稿日期: 1999-04-26 出版日期: 2000-06-01
:  P461  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“20世纪中国与全球气候变率研究”(编号:49635190)资助。

通讯作者: 王绍武,男,1932年11月出生于河北省束鹿,教授,主要从事气候学研究。   
作者简介: 王绍武,男,1932年11月出生于河北省束鹿,教授,主要从事气候学研究。
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引用本文:

王绍武. 20世纪气候学理论研究的十项成就[J]. 地球科学进展, 2000, 15(3): 277-282.

WANG Shaowu. TEN ITEMS OF THE MOST IMPORTANT ACHIEVEMENTS IN THEORETICAL STUDIES OF CLIMATOLOGY DURING20TH CENTURY. Advances in Earth Science, 2000, 15(3): 277-282.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2000.03.0277        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2000/V15/I3/277

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