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地球科学进展  2000, Vol. 15 Issue (3): 283-288    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2000.03.0283
综述与评述     
地球深部流体与油气生成及运移浅析
孙 樯,谢鸿森,郭 捷,苏根利,丁东业
中国科学院地球化学研究所,贵州 贵阳 550002
FLUIDS IN DEEP EARTH AND ORIGIN AND MIGRATION OF OIL AND GAS
SUN Qiang, XIE Hongsen,GUO Jie, SU Genli, DING Dongye
The Geochemistry Institute of China,CAS,Guiyang550002,China
 全文: PDF(270 KB)  
摘要:

近年来的研究工作表明,流体不仅存在于地球表层及上地壳,而且也大量存在于地球深部(下地壳及地幔),其成分以H2O和CO2为主。由于特定的温度和压力条件,流体均呈超临界状态存在,它们是能量与物质的运移载体。由于其独特的性质,因而它们不仅参与了深部油气的无机生成,而且也对油气的富集及向上运移成藏起了重要作用。

关键词: 地球深部超临界流体无机成因油气富集及运移    
Abstract:

In recent years, more and more researches have proved that fluids are not only in upper crust but also in lower crust and mantle, and they are mostly composed of H2O and CO2. Because of the particular pressure and temperature conditions in deep Earth, they are under supercritical state and show particular physical and chemical characters that are different from general fluids. They are important transportation media of matter and energy and play important roles in the evolution of Earth. And they also play important roles in the origin and migration of oil and gas. On the other hand, they are related to inorganic origin of oil and gas, and they also produce an important effect in enrichment and migration of petroleum.

Key words: Deep Earth    Supercritical fluids    Inorganic origin    Enrichment and migration of oil and gas.
收稿日期: 1999-05-03 出版日期: 2000-06-01
:  P618.130.1  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“高温高压下熔体与流体混溶和分离实验研究”(编号:49772111)资助。

通讯作者: 孙樯,男,1970年3月生于山东,博士生,主要从事流体地球化学研究。   
作者简介: 孙樯,男,1970年3月生于山东,博士生,主要从事流体地球化学研究。
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引用本文:

孙 樯,谢鸿森,郭 捷,苏根利,丁东业. 地球深部流体与油气生成及运移浅析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2000, 15(3): 283-288.

SUN Qiang, XIE Hongsen,GUO Jie, SU Genli, DING Dongye. FLUIDS IN DEEP EARTH AND ORIGIN AND MIGRATION OF OIL AND GAS. Advances in Earth Science, 2000, 15(3): 283-288.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2000.03.0283        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2000/V15/I3/283

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