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地球科学进展  2013, Vol. 28 Issue (6): 637-647    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.06.0637
综述与评述     
塔里木陆块新元古代—早古生代古板块再造及漂移轨迹
王洪浩,李江海,杨静懿,周肖贝,傅臣建,李文山
1.造山带与地壳演化教育部重点实验室 北京大学,北京 100871;2.北京大学地球与空间科学学院,北京 100871
Paleo-plate Reconstruction and Drift Path of Tarim Block from Neoproterozic to Early Palaeozoic
Wang Honghao, Li Jianghai, Yang Jingyi, Zhou Xiaobei, Fu Chenjian, Li Wenshan
1.Key Laboratory of Orogenic Belts and Crustal Evolution, Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871,China; 2.School of Earth and Space Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871,China
 全文: PDF(4272 KB)  
摘要:

塔里木陆块周缘的新元古界地层记录了涉及Rodinia聚合和裂解的构造热事件,但塔里木在Rodinia超大陆中的位置以及在Rodinia裂解后如何运动尚无定论。采用收集的古地磁数据,并结合塔里木西北缘阿克苏地区的野外工作以及塔里木周缘代表性岩石如A型花岗岩、基性岩墙群、大陆溢流玄武岩和双峰式火山岩等的同位素年代学数据,将塔里木陆块从Rodinia超大陆中裂解的时间限制在830~700 Ma BP。之后,塔里木陆块随澳洲板块一起加入冈瓦纳大陆。约在450 Ma BP,塔里木陆块和澳洲板块发生分离,并快速北漂,最终在晚古生代加入劳亚大陆。新元古代—早古生代,塔里木陆块整体上从北半球较高纬度向南半球漂移,并在奥陶纪向北半球快速回返。

关键词: 塔里木古地磁漂移轨迹古板块再造    
Abstract:

The Neoproterozoic strata which mainly distributes in the periphery of the Tarim Block records lots of Tectonothermal events related to the assembly and breakup of the Rodinia Supercontinent, yet the positon of the Tarim Block in Rodinia and how the Tarim Blcok moved after the breakup of Rodinia remains controversial. Based on the collection and selection of the published paleomagnetic data and the paleomagnetism method, we obtain the paleolatitude and drift path from Neoproterozoic to early Paleozoic of the Tarim Block.Moreover, combined with our field work and the isotope chronology data of representative rocks such as A type granite, mafic dyke swarms, continental flood basalt and bimodal volcanic rocks in the Tarim’s periphery, we conclude that there was a strongly rifting event surrounding the Tarim Block during 830~700 Ma BP,which caused the Tarim Block breaking off the Rodinia Supercontinent. However, the separation was not complete, and the Tarim block joined the Gandwana Supercontinent along with Australia.Through comparing the variation of the paleolatitude of the Tarim Block and the Australia Plate, we conclude that their separation time was about 450 Ma BP. Then,  the Tarim Block drifted towards north, and joined the Laurentia Supercontinent in late Paleozoic. During the Neoproterozoic to early Paleozoic, the Tarim block, on the whole, presented a drift parh from high north latitude to south latitude, and had a rapid return process to north latitude in the Ordovician.

Key words: Tarim    Paleomagnetism    Drift path    Paleo-plate reconstruction
收稿日期: 2012-10-24 出版日期: 2013-06-10
:  P541  
基金资助:

国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“火山岩油气藏的形成机制与分布规律”(编号:2009CB219302)资助.

作者简介: 王洪浩(1989-),男,山东枣庄人,博士研究生,主要从事构造地质学研究.E-mail:whhpeking@163.com
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引用本文:

王洪浩,李江海,杨静懿,周肖贝,傅臣建,李文山. 塔里木陆块新元古代—早古生代古板块再造及漂移轨迹[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(6): 637-647.

Wang Honghao, Li Jianghai, Yang Jingyi, Zhou Xiaobei, Fu Chenjian, Li Wenshan. Paleo-plate Reconstruction and Drift Path of Tarim Block from Neoproterozic to Early Palaeozoic. Advances in Earth Science, 2013, 28(6): 637-647.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.06.0637        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2013/V28/I6/637

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