Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2009, Vol. 24 Issue (8): 947-953    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.08.0947
研究简报     
"973"计划资源环境领域数据汇交进展与数据分析
王卷乐,杨雅萍,诸云强,宋佳,朱华忠,冯敏
中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室,北京 100101
Data Archiving Progress and Data Types Analysis of National Basic Research Program of China(973 Program)in Resource and Environment Field
Wang Juanle, Yang Yaping, Zhu Yunqiang, Song Jia, Zhu Huazhong, Feng Min
State Key Lab of Resources and Environment Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
 全文: PDF(1777 KB)  
摘要:

国家科技计划项目数据汇交对于促进科学数据的整合集成,增强国家科技投入的效益,提高我国科技计划项目管理水平具有重要意义。经过充分研究,科技部基础司选择国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)资源环境领域作为试点,于2008年启动数据汇交工作,并专门成立数据汇交中心。2008年,按照数据汇交计划制定、数据汇交准备、数据实体汇交、数据共享服务4个阶段的工作流程,分“已结题”、“即将于2008年结题”和“在研”3种类型开展汇交工作,完成了24个结题项目的数据汇交,汇交数据总量超过620 GB。为了保证数据汇交的可操作性和规范化,数据汇交中心制定了包括核心元数据规范、数据文档格式等7项标准规范;研制了数据汇交软件工具;建立了海量数据存储环境;设计开发了数据汇交共享服务网络平台。面向数据服务进一步的需要,分析了已汇交数据情况,具体分为5种类型,即定点长期监测和野外定点调查类、区域调查和统计分析类、模型计算类、试验化验分析类、客观或主观描述类,并提出了相应的数据展示策略。

关键词: 重点基础研究发展计划数据汇交数据共享数据分析    
Abstract:

Datasets derived from scientific research projects supported by national financial should be archived and shared. Scientific data archiving and sharing will not only promote data resources integration, sharing, adding value, but also enhance the scientific projects management level. The National Basic Research Program (also called 973 Program) is China's on-going national keystone basic research program. Based on deep consideration, Research projects in resource and environment field of 973 Program are selected as a pilot engineering for data archiving and sharing and launched in March, 2008. In the past one year, 49 projects in resource and environment field of 973 program are divided into 3 types, i.e., finished project, near finish project, on-going project. Data archiving center designed data archiving work flow which included 4 phases, i.e., data plan drawing up phase, data archiving preparation phase, data submission phase, data sharing and management phase. The 4 phases cover the whole project research cycle from the project was launched to the project would be overviewed 5 years later. Till the end of October, 2008, 24 projects in 973 Program submitted their research datasets to data archiving center. All the data was accumulated to 620GB, including 862 datasets. In order to ensure the data archiving quality, there are 7 data archiving standards and specifications are designed, including metadata standard, data document format specification, etc. 973 Program data archiving and sharing platform are researched and developed facing to 3 kinds of users, i.e., data manager, data provider and data users individually. In order to provide perfect data services interface, all the archival data types are analyzed. These data can be divided into 5 types, i.e., long term fixed point monitoring and surveying data, regional survey and statistic data, model calculation product data, examination and analysis data, impersonality pictures and subjective description data. Data display schema for different data types are designed web sharing.

Key words: National Basic Research Program of China    Data archiving    Data sharing    Data analysis
收稿日期: 2009-04-21 出版日期: 2009-08-10
:  P208  
通讯作者: 王卷乐     E-mail: wangjl@igsnrr.ac.cn
作者简介: 王卷乐(1976-),男,河南洛阳人,博士,助理研究员,主要从事地学数据的集成与共享标准规范,遥感和GIS应用.E-mail:wangjl@igsnrr.ac.cn
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
王卷乐
杨雅萍
诸云强
宋佳
朱华忠
冯-敏

引用本文:

王卷乐,杨雅萍,诸云强,宋 佳,朱华忠,冯 敏. "973"计划资源环境领域数据汇交进展与数据分析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(8): 947-953.

Wang Juanle, Yang Yaping, Zhu Yunqiang, Song Jia, Zhu Huazhong, Feng Min. Data Archiving Progress and Data Types Analysis of National Basic Research Program of China(973 Program)in Resource and Environment Field. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(8): 947-953.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.08.0947        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2009/V24/I8/947

[1] Data Archiving Expert Working Group. 973 Program Data Archiving Proposal in Resource and Environment Field[Z]. 2007:7.[数据汇交方案起草专家组.973计划资源环境领域项目科学数据汇交管理方案[Z].2007:7.]
[2] Ministry of Science and Technology of the People′s Republic of China.Notification of National Basic Research Program Data Archiving in Resource and Environment Field, 2008-03-20.[中华人民共和国科技部.关于开展国家重点基础研究发展计划资源环境领域项目数据汇交工作的通知[Z].国科发基\[2008\]142号,2008-03-20.]
[3] Ministry of Science and Technology of the People′s Republic of China. Data Archiving Specification for National Basic Research Program in Resource and Environment Field[Z]. 2008-03-20.[中华人民共和国科技部.国家重点基础研究发展计划资源环境领域项目数据汇交暂行办法[Z].2008-03-20.]
[4] Lin hai, Wang Juanle. Data archiving work was Launched in national basic research program in resource and environment field[J].Advances in Earth Science,2008, 23(8): 895-896.[林海,王卷乐.国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)资源环境领域项目数据汇交工作正式启动[J].地球科学进展,2008,23(8):895-896.]

[1] 葛人峰, 侍茂崇. “船时共享航次计划”——国家自然科学基金委员会的重大创建[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(4): 428-435.
[2] 王卷乐, 林海, 冉盈盈, 周玉洁, 宋佳, 杜佳. 面向数据共享的地球系统科学数据分类探讨[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(2): 265-274.
[3] 吴国雄, 林海, 邹晓蕾, 刘伯奇, 何编. 全球气候变化研究与科学数据[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(1): 15-22.
[4] 范锦龙. 地球观测数据卫星分发系统发展综述[J]. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(7): 712-716.
[5] 王卷乐,孙九林. 世界数据中心(WDC)回顾、变革与展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(6): 612-620.
[6] 李新,南卓铜,吴立宗,冉有华,王建,潘小多,王亮绪,李红星,祝忠明. 中国西部环境与生态科学数据中心:面向西部环境与生态科学的数据集成与共享[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(6): 628-637.
[7] 诸云强,孙九林. 面向e-GeoScience的地学数据共享研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2006, 21(03): 286-290.
[8] 张耀南;韦五周;程国栋;杨海;景通桥. 寒区旱区特色数据集管理与共享应用[J]. 地球科学进展, 2005, 20(7): 717-723.
[9] 范新生;应龙根. 中国SARS疫情的探索性空间数据分析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2005, 20(3): 282-291.
[10] 孙枢. 地球数据是地球科学创新的重要源泉——从地球科学谈科学数据共享[J]. 地球科学进展, 2003, 18(3): 334-337.
[11] 罗宗俊,刘闯,王正兴. 美国全球变化研究的法律基础[J]. 地球科学进展, 2003, 18(3): 464-470.
[12] 郭亚曦. 国际全球变化计划与世界数据中心的联合行动——1997年联合数据会议及其启示[J]. 地球科学进展, 1997, 12(6): 574-580.
[13] 姜钦华. 计算机在孢粉学中的应用现状与前景[J]. 地球科学进展, 1994, 9(1): 57-61.