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地球科学进展  2018, Vol. 33 Issue (5): 473-482    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2018.05.0473
综述与评述     
月表太阳风成因水的研究现状和意义
曾献棣1,2,3, 唐红1,3,*, 李雄耀1,3, 欧阳自远1, 王世杰4
1.中国科学院地球化学研究所月球与行星科学研究中心,贵州 贵阳 550081
2.中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
3.中国科学院太空制造技术重点实验室,北京 100094
4.中国科学院地球化学研究所环境地球化学国家重点实验室,贵州 贵阳 550081
Research Review and Significance of Lunar Water Originated from Solar Wind
Xiandi Zeng1,2,3, Hong Tang1,3,*, Xiongyao Li1,3, Ziyuan Ouyang1, Shijie Wang4
1.Lunar and Planetary Science Research Center, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550081, China
2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049,China
3.Key Laboratory of Space Manufacturing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100094,China
4.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550081, China
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摘要:

水是生命活动的基础,也是天体演化的重要部分。月球一直被认为是“无水”星体,但这一观点被最新的研究成果推翻。月球遥感红外光谱和Apollo样品分析结果均证实了月球表面能通过太阳风质子与月壤矿物相互作用来产生OH甚至是H2O。为探讨其反应过程,相关理论分析和离子注入模拟实验等研究已逐步开展。但是,目前对于太阳风成因水的成因机制,形成时的影响因素,产生后在月表的赋存、迁移和保留机制仍缺乏系统研究。针对这些问题,未来立足于嫦娥五号样品分析,建立月球表面太阳风成因水的形成和迁移运动的模型将会是推进月球水研究的重要部分。这不仅能为月球水资源开发利用提供线索,还可能为太阳系内其他无大气类地行星水来源和演化研究提供参考。

关键词: 月球水太阳风红外光谱月壤离子注入实验    
Abstract:

Water plays an important role in the evolution history of terrestrial planets and is also an indispensable resource for space exploration. The moon was used to be thought as “bone-dry”. However, this view was challenged by the latest achievements. Both the infrared remote sensing data and Apollo sample results have shown that some hydroxyl (and even H2O) can be produced by the reaction between the solar wind proton and regolith mineral on the Moon. A series of theoretical analysis and simulated ion implantation experiments have been carried out to discuss such processes. Many issues related to the solar wind-produced water have not been well understood yet, e.g., the formation mechanism, influencing factors, occurrence state, migration, and retention. To answer these questions, it is necessary to investigate the formation mechanism and migration of solar wind-produced water based on the Change’e-5 returned samples in the future. These studies can not only can provide clues for the exploitation and utilization of water on the Moon, but also help us to understand the origin and evolution of water on other airless terrestrial planets.

Key words: Lunar water    Solar wind    Infrared spectra    Lunar regolith    Ions implantation.
收稿日期: 2018-01-01 出版日期: 2018-06-13
ZTFLH:  P691  
基金资助: *国家自然科学基金项目“月表主要硅酸盐矿物中太阳风成因水的实验对比研究”(编号:41773066);中国科学院青年创新促进会资助.
通讯作者: 唐红   
作者简介:

作者简介:曾献棣(1992-),男,广东广州人,硕士研究生,主要从事月球与行星科学研究.E-mail:zengxiandi@mail.gyig.ac.cn

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引用本文:

曾献棣, 唐红, 李雄耀, 欧阳自远, 王世杰. 月表太阳风成因水的研究现状和意义[J]. 地球科学进展, 2018, 33(5): 473-482.

Xiandi Zeng, Hong Tang, Xiongyao Li, Ziyuan Ouyang, Shijie Wang. Research Review and Significance of Lunar Water Originated from Solar Wind. Advances in Earth Science, 2018, 33(5): 473-482.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2018.05.0473        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2018/V33/I5/473

图1  月表上遥感红外水吸收峰分布(a)VIMS检测在月表不同纬度范围的水吸收峰变化[11];(b)M3检测3 μm吸收峰主要在月球极地区域分布[12];(c)Deep Impact检测2.8 μm吸收峰在北半球月面含量变化图[13]
图2  对比1/4天内月海和高地区域在不同纬度和不同时间的水吸收峰变化[13] (a)不同纬度月海区域的水吸收峰变化;(b)不同纬度高地区域的水吸收峰变化;(c)月海区域在不同时间的水吸收峰变化; (d)高地区域在不同时间的水吸收峰变化;(e)1,2,3,9,M为月海区域,5,6,7,8,H为高地区域
Fig.3  FTIR spectra and SIMS data of two agglutinates[20]δD(‰)=[(D/H)measured/(D/H)standard-1]×1 000,(D/H)standard=1.5576×10-4; ppm为×10-6
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