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地球科学进展  2017, Vol. 32 Issue (8): 789-799    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.08.0789
应用地球化学专辑     
柳江盆地地表水与地下水转化关系的氢氧稳定同位素和水化学证据
谷洪彪, 迟宝明*, 王贺, 张耀文, 王明远
防灾科技学院, 河北 三河 065201
Relationship Between Surface Water and Groundwater in the Liujiang Basin—Hydrochemical Constrains
Gu Hongbiao, Chi Baoming*, Wang He, Zhang Yaowen, Wang Mingyuan
Institute of Disaster Prevention, Sanhe Hebei 065201, China
 全文: PDF(18685 KB)   HTML
摘要:

地表水与地下水相互作用是水循环研究的重要组成部分,是研究区域水资源量的基础。通过实地水文地质调查和采样,在对水体氢氧稳定同位素和水化学组成测定的基础上,分析了盆地内枯水期河水和地下水的水化学和氢氧同位素组成特征及空间变化规律,旨在揭示河水与地下水的相互转化关系。研究表明:盆地内地下水主要为HCO3-Ca和HCO3-Ca·Mg类型低矿化度水,各区域地下水具有统一联系性,经历了相同或相似的水化学形成作用;河水水化学类型与地下水相同,且水化学成分来源一致。地下水和河水氢氧同位素组成相接近,最终来源主要为大气降水补给。其中河水在径流过程中受蒸发浓缩作用影响,重同位素略富集。受地形地貌、地质及水文地质条件影响,盆地内地下水与河水之间的补给—排泄相互作用关系具有明显的分段性,相互转化频繁。大石河上游区域和东宫河流域总体上表现为河水受两侧地下水补给;大石河下游区域,表现为河水补给两侧地下水。

关键词: 柳江盆地水化学地表水与地下水相互转化氢氧同位素    
Abstract:

The interaction between surface water and groundwater is not only an important part of the water cycle, but also the foundation of the study on regional water resources quantity. The field hydrogeological investigation and sampling in the Liujiang basin were conducted in the dry season, in April, 2015. The isotopic ratios of hydrogen and oxygen and ion compositions as well as the hydrogeochemical characteristics indicated that the groundwater in the basin was mainly HCO3-Ca and HCO3-Ca·Mg type low salinity water. The groundwater of each region had a unified connection, experiencing the same or similar hydrochemical formation, and the surface water had the same hydrochemical type and source of hydrochemical composition as groundwater. The hydrogen and oxygen isotopic compositions of surface water and groundwater were close to each other, which were mainly from the atmospheric precipitation. In the runoff process, the river water was affected by the evaporation concentration so that the heavy isotopes were slightly enriched. Under the influence of topographical, geological and hydrogeological conditions, the interaction between groundwater and surface water in the basin had obvious segmentation and mutual transformation. The river was recharged by both sides of groundwater in upstream region of Dashi River and Donggong River basin while river water supplied groundwater on both sides of it in downstream region of Dashi River.

Key words: Deuterium and Oxygen-18    Interaction of groundwater and surface water    The Liujiang Basin.    Hydrochemistry
收稿日期: 2017-02-10 出版日期: 2017-08-20
ZTFLH:  P592  
基金资助:

2014年度河北省普通高等学校青年拔尖人才计划项目“柳江盆地浅层地下水补给及硝酸盐运移规律”(编号:BJ201403)资助

通讯作者: 迟宝明(1957-),男,辽宁瓦房人,教授,主要从事地下水科学与工程研究.E-mail:chibaoming@126.com   
作者简介: 谷洪彪(1984-),男,山东菏泽人,副教授,主要从事地下水工程与地震地下流体研究.E-mail:hongbiaosw@126.com
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引用本文:

谷洪彪, 迟宝明, 王贺, 张耀文, 王明远. 柳江盆地地表水与地下水转化关系的氢氧稳定同位素和水化学证据[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(8): 789-799.

Gu Hongbiao, Chi Baoming, Wang He, Zhang Yaowen, Wang Mingyuan. Relationship Between Surface Water and Groundwater in the Liujiang Basin—Hydrochemical Constrains. Advances in Earth Science, 2017, 32(8): 789-799.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.08.0789        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2017/V32/I8/789

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