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地球科学进展  2014, Vol. 29 Issue (11): 1303-1313    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.11.1303
IODP研究     
颗石藻室内培养及应用研究进展
芮晓庆1, 2, 刘传联1, 李志明2
1.同济大学海洋地质国家重点实验室, 上海 200092; 2.中国石油化工股份有限公司 石油勘探开发研究院 无锡石油地质研究所 , 江苏 无锡 214151
Advances in Coccolithophore laboratory culture and their application research
Rui Xiaoqing1, 2, Liu Chuanlian1, Li Zhiming2
1.State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China; 2.Wuxi Research Institute of Petroleum Geology, Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Production, SINOPEC, Wuxi 214151 China
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摘要:

介绍了颗石藻室内培养的研究进展, 重点阐述了基于室内培养颗石藻在生态学、古海洋学和石油地质学等方面的应用。颗石藻在全球海洋环境变化、碳循环及地质演变中扮演着重要角色, 这种重要性是由其独特的生物、生理特点所决定的。颗石藻培养方面介绍了藻种的分离与保存、室内培养方法、培养基的选择。应用方面, 首先介绍了颗石藻对海洋酸化的响应;其次, 颗石藻是二甲基硫丙酸(DMSP)的高产者, 释放的二甲基硫(DMS)经过一系列变化后能够对附近海域甚至全球气候产生影响;另外还介绍了基于室内培养颗石藻地球化学指标在古海洋、古气候学方面的应用;最后探讨了颗石藻热模拟实验在石油地质方面的应用。

关键词: 生理酸化响应DMSP热模拟地化指标    
Abstract:

This paper summarizes previous studies of coccolithophores laboratory culture with emphasis on the application of cultured coccolithophores in the ecology, paleoceanography and petroleum. Because of the particular biology and physiology characteristics, coccolithophorid bloom can influence marine and atmosphere environment deeply , play an important roal in global carbon cycle and geological evolution. In the aspect of culture, we introduce the cultural method, the influence of cocolithophores growth by setting different environment parameters, the principle of suitable culture meduim depending on different research purpose. In the aspect of application, firstly, this paper discusses the physiological responses of coccolithophorids about ocean acidification. Then, coccolithophorid is high producer of DMSP(dimethylsulphoniopropionate)which can be divides into gas DMS, which can influence marine and atmosphere environment deeply through some chemical course. Further, another important application is the element geochemistry of coccoliths which is very meaningful in paleoceanography and paleoclimatology study. Finally, this paper also discusses the application of coccolithophores hydrocarbon generation to petroleum geology.

Key words: Acidic response    Eleme geochemistry    Hydrocarbon generation.    DMSP    Physiology
收稿日期: 2014-08-18 出版日期: 2014-11-20
:  P735  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“从室内培养到地质记录探索颗石藻在南海碳循环中的作用”(编号:9228204); 国家科技部创新方法工作专项“海洋科学创新方法研究”(编号:2011IM010700)资助

作者简介: 芮晓庆(1984-), 女, 江苏如皋人, 助理研究员, 主要从事微体化石与古海洋学研究. E-mail: ruixq.syky@sinopec.com
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芮晓庆, 刘传联, 李志明. 颗石藻室内培养及应用研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(11): 1303-1313.

Rui Xiaoqing, Liu Chuanlian, Li Zhiming. Advances in Coccolithophore laboratory culture and their application research. Advances in Earth Science, 2014, 29(11): 1303-1313.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.11.1303        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2014/V29/I11/1303

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